See also: -리- and -리

(see above for verbal suffixes)

U+B9AC, 리
HANGUL SYLLABLE RI
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:f-l

[U+B9AB]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B9AD]

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Korean word from (reason; logic).

Pronunciation 1Edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ri
Revised Romanization (translit.)?li
McCune–Reischauer?ri
Yale Romanization?li
Dependent nounEdit

(ri) (hanja )

  1. (usually in the negative or the interrogative) way, reason, sense
    그럴 없다.Geureol ri-ga eopda.That can't be true.
    주인공 죽을 있겠냐?Ju'ingong-'i jugeul ri-ga itgennya?How does it make sense for the main character to die?

Pronunciation 2Edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɾi(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ri
Revised Romanization (translit.)?li
McCune–Reischauer?ri
Yale Romanization?
NounEdit
South Korean
Standard Language
/(理) (i/ri)
North Korean
Standard Language
리(理) (ri)

(ri) (hanja )

  1. (East Asian philosophy, especially Confucianism) li, the underlying ordering principle of the cosmos
    Coordinate term: 기(氣) (gi, vital force engendering the cosmos)
Usage notesEdit
  • In the case of this specific word, the (ri) pronunciation is common even in South Korea. The reason may be to avoid homophony with other Chinese characters, given the context of East Asian philosophy where single-character Chinese terms are common.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from (village; unit of distance).

NounEdit

South Korean
Standard Language
/(里) (i/ri)
North Korean
Standard Language
리(里) (ri)

(ri) (hanja )

  1. (government) village; a Korean administrative division covering a small settlement and its surrounding hinterland.
Usage notesEdit
  • 이(里) (i) is the prescriptive form in the South Korean standard, but 리(里) (ri) is more common.
Coordinate termsEdit

CounterEdit

(ri) (hanja )

  1. li; East Asian unit of distance (traditionally around 393 meters in Korea)

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from , Middle Korean reading 리〯 () and 니〯 ().

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɾi(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?Ri
Revised Romanization (translit.)?Li
McCune–Reischauer?Ri
Yale Romanization?

Proper nounEdit

South Korean
Standard Language
이(李) (I)
North Korean
Standard Language
리(李) (Ri)

(Ri) (hanja )

  1. North Korea standard form of 이(李) (I, Lee, the second most common Korean surname).
Usage notesEdit
  • Most South Koreans romanize it as "Lee", but in North Korea the common romanization is "Ri".

Etymology 4Edit

Sino-Korean word from / (inside).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ri
Revised Romanization (translit.)?li
McCune–Reischauer?ri
Yale Romanization?li

SuffixEdit

—리 (-ri) (hanja /)

  1. inside, within, inner
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters, when preceded by another character in a compound. When used as the first character of a compound or in isolation, they are pronounced as (i).

Following a language reform in the mid-twentieth century, North Koreans always read them as (ri) in any position, but this was not standard before the division of Korea.

SyllableEdit

(ri)

Extended content
  1. (South Korea) : town
    (eumhun reading: 마을 (ma'eul ri))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  2. (South Korea) : rule
    (eumhun reading: 다스릴 (daseuril ri))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  3. (South Korea) : benefit
    (eumhun reading: 이로울 (iroul ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH))
  4. (South Korea) : pear tree
    (eumhun reading: 배나무 (baenamu ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ))
  5. (South Korea) : plum tree
    (eumhun reading: 오얏나무 (oyannamu ri))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  6. (South Korea) : petty official
    (eumhun reading: 아전 (ajeon ri))
    (MC reading: (MCH))
  7. (South Korea) : leave
    (eumhun reading: 떠날 (tteonal ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ, liᴇH, leiH))
  8. (South Korea) : inside
    (eumhun reading: (sok ri))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  9. (South Korea) : trample, step on
    (eumhun reading: 밟을 (babeul ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪX))
  10. (South Korea) : vulgar
    (eumhun reading: 속될 (sokdoel ri))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  11. (South Korea) : jasmine
    (eumhun reading: 말리 (malli ri))
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiɪ, ɖɨ, lei))
  12. (South Korea) : glass
    (eumhun reading: 유리 (yuri ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  13. (South Korea) : clever
    (eumhun reading: 똑똑할 (ttokttokhal ri))
    (MC reading: )
  14. (South Korea) : thin voice
    (eumhun reading: 가는 소리 (ganeun sori ri))
    (MC reading: )
  15. (South Korea) : nautical mile
    (eumhun reading: 해리 (haeri ri))
    (MC reading: )
  16. (South Korea) : wild cat
    (eumhun reading: (sak ri))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  17. (South Korea) : diarrhea
    (eumhun reading: 설사 (seolsa ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH))
  18. (South Korea) : fence
    (eumhun reading: 울타리 (ultari ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  19. (South Korea) : fall ill, get sick
    (eumhun reading: 걸릴 (geollil ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  20. (South Korea) : ashen
    (eumhun reading: 파리할 (parihal ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liuᴇ))
  21. (South Korea) : ruling
    (eumhun reading: 다스릴 (daseuril ri))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  22. (South Korea) : carp
    (eumhun reading: 잉어 (ing'eo ri))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  23. (South Korea) : reach
    (eumhun reading: 다다를 (dadareul ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH, leiH))
  24. (South Korea) 𢻠: upright
    (eumhun reading: 바르다 (bareuda ri))
    (MC reading: 𢻠)
  25. (South Korea) : plow
    (eumhun reading: (bat gal ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ))
  26. (South Korea) : spread
    (eumhun reading: 퍼질 (peojil ri))
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  27. (South Korea) : peel
    (eumhun reading: 벗길 (beotgil ri))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  28. (South Korea) : a particle
    (eumhun reading: 어조사 (eojosa ri))
    (MC reading: )
  29. (South Korea) : widow
    (eumhun reading: 과부 (gwabu ri))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  30. (South Korea) : reach
    (eumhun reading: 다다를 (dadareul ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH))
  31. (South Korea) : clam
    (eumhun reading: 참조개 (chamjogae ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ))
  32. (South Korea) : hornless dragon
    (eumhun reading: 교룡 (gyoryong ri))
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  33. (South Korea) : lynx
    (eumhun reading: (sak ri))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  34. (South Korea) : connect
    (eumhun reading: 이어질 (ieojil ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇX))
  35. (South Korea) : goblin
    (eumhun reading: 도깨비 (dokkaebi ri))
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  36. (South Korea) : flypaper
    (eumhun reading: 끈끈이 (kkeunkkeuni ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ, ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  37. (South Korea) : to permeate
    (eumhun reading: 스며들 (seumyeodeul ri))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  38. (South Korea) : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  39. (South Korea) : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ, ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  40. (South Korea) : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  41. (South Korea) : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  42. (South Korea) : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC lei))

ReferencesEdit

  • Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대법원, Daehanmin-guk daebeobwon) (2018). Table of hanja for personal names (인명용 한자표 / 人名用漢字表, inmyeong-yonghanjapyo), page 14. [1]
  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]