U+5319, 匙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5319

[U+5318]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+531A]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 21, +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 日人心 (AOP), four-corner 61801, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 153, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2590
  • Dae Jaweon: page 344, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 263, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5319

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *dje): phonetic  (OC *djeʔ) + semantic .

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Tianjin /su⁰/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴²/
Xi'an /sz̩⁰/
Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Ürümqi /sz̩⁰/
Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Chengdu /sz̩³¹/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/ 小勺儿
/sz̩⁴⁵/ 钥~
Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩¹³/
Hangzhou /zz̩²¹³/
Wenzhou /zei³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕi⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕi⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ʂʐ̩¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁰/ 鎖~
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃï¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /si²¹/ 鎖~
/t͡sʰi²¹/ ~羹
Nanning /t͡sʰi²¹/
Hong Kong /si²¹/ 鎖~
/t͡sʰi²¹/ ~羹
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /si³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sie⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /i²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /si⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ti³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiə̆/
Li
Rong
/ʑie/
Wang
Li
/ʑǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11641
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*dje/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. spoon

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. key
SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. spoon

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (zhiɛ, spoon). The goon, so likely the earliest borrowing from Middle Chinese.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

() (-ji

  1. spoon, scoop
Usage notesEdit

Only found in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (zhiɛ, spoon). The kan'on, so a later borrowing. Compare modern Cantonese (ci4), Min Nan ().

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

() (-shi

  1. spoon, scoop
Usage notesEdit

Only found in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Likely an alteration of the kan'on reading shi: /si//hi/

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AffixEdit

() (hi

  1. spoon, scoop
Usage notesEdit

Only found in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
かい
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

/kapi1//kapi//kaɸi//kahi//kai/

From Old Japanese (kai, shellfish, clam; clam shell), from the way that clam shells were used as scoops.[1][2][3]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(かい) (kai (historical kana かひ)

  1. (obsolete) a scoop for food
  2. (archaic, rare) a wooden sword for training
    This sense developed from an ateji spelling of 木刀 (literally, “wooden blade”) applied to the food scoop meaning.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

 
(saji): a spoon.
Kanji in this term
さじ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Originally a compound of (sa, tea) +‎ (ji, spoon, scoop)[[Category:Japanese compound the tōon or Tang readings|さじ]].[1][2][2][3] This on'yomi reading for a two-character term was then applied to the single-character spelling, and re-interpreted as kun'yomi.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(さじ) (saji

  1. spoon, scoop used for food
    (わたし)たちは(さじ)でスープを()む。
    Watashitachi wa saji de sūpu o nomu.
    We eat soup with a spoon.
  2. more specifically, a spoon or scoop used for compounding medicine
  3. by extension, medicine
  4. by further extension, a doctor
Usage notesEdit

In modern Japanese, the term スプーン (supūn) is used to refer to spoons in general, including spoons as found in the Western world. The term saji generally refers more to the broad, usually flat-bottomed Asian-style spoon shown at right.

The saji reading is the most common in modern Japanese when using this term as a standalone noun. The kanji spelling () is rarely encountered; it is usually written in hiragana alone (さじ).

Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Kanji in this term
しゃじ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Appears to be an alteration of saji above: [sad͡ʑi][ɕad͡ʑi][1][2][3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(しゃじ) (shaji

  1. spoon
Usage notesEdit

This reading does not appear to be as common as the saji reading above. May be dialectal.

Etymology 7Edit

Kanji in this term
すくい
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Alternate spelling of 掬い (sukui, scoop), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 掬う (sukuu, to scoop).[1]

Rare. Only found in compounds.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(すくい) (sukui (historical kana すくひ)

  1. (rare) a scoop
Usage notesEdit

Although the general term sukui can serve as a standalone noun, this particular spelling for sukui is only found in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (si))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: thi, thìa, thì, chủy/chuỷ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.