See also: ach, ACH, and ách

Contents

ChuukeseEdit

SuffixEdit

-ach

  1. (added to possessive nouns) our (inclusive)

Related termsEdit



IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish -ach, from Proto-Celtic *-ākos, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂kos, *-eh₂ḱos, from a-stem suffix *-eh₂- + adjectival suffix *-kos, *-ḱos; compare Welsh -og.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ach ‎(epicene)

  1. Forms nouns/adjectives from other nouns and adjectives with the sense of ‘person or thing connected or involved with, belonging to, having’.
    Nouns:
    Éire(Ireland) + ‎-ach → ‎Éireannach(Irish (person))
    Sasana(England) + ‎-ach → ‎Sasanach(English (person))
    Adjectives:
    bunús(basis) + ‎-ach → ‎bunúsach(basic)
    fearg(anger) + ‎-ach → ‎feargach(angry)
    Also:
    Éireannach(Irish, adjective), Sasanach(English, adjective)

Usage notesEdit

  • Nouns in -ach are first declension (for males) and second declension (for females).
  • Adjectives in -ach are first declension.

Derived termsEdit



Middle WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *-ox, with the vowel altered by influence from -af.

SuffixEdit

-ach

  1. forms a comparative adjective

Derived termsEdit



Old IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *-ākos, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂kos, *-eh₂ḱos, from a-stem suffix *-eh₂- + adjectival suffix *-kos, *-ḱos. Doublet of -óc.

Compare Latin -ācus, -icus.

SuffixEdit

-ach

  1. Forms adjectives meaning "related to, having, characterised by, prone to".
Usage notesEdit

After a palatalised consonant, the suffix becomes -ech.

InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

Same as the adjective suffix -ach. Originally formed only adjectives, but the suffix was already used in Proto-Celtic to form nouns.

SuffixEdit

-ach ?

  1. Forms nouns meaning "person or thing connected or involved with, belonging to, having".
Usage notesEdit

After a palatalised consonant, the suffix becomes -ech.

InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit
Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • Rudolf Thurneysen, A Grammar of Old Irish (Dublin, 1946), §347

Scottish GaelicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ach ‎(plural -aich or -aichean)

  1. Forming nouns from nouns and adjectives with the sense of ‘person or thing connected or involved with, belonging to, having’.

Derived termsEdit



WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Welsh -ach, from Proto-Brythonic *-ox, with the vowel altered by influence from -af.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ach

  1. Forms a comparative of an adjective of one or two syllables.

Usage notesEdit

Triggers fortition on the final consonant of the adjective, changing b/d/g to p/t/c.

Derived termsEdit