See also: ACH, aćh, -ach, and ách

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English ache, from Old French ache, from Latin apium (parsley).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

ach (plural achs)

  1. (obsolete) Any of several species of plants, such as smallage, wild celery, parsley.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

InterjectionEdit

ach

  1. An expression of annoyance.
    • 1958, Anthony Burgess, The Enemy in the Blanket (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972:
      "Ach." Auntie frowned hugely. "That is all nonsense."

Etymology 3Edit

InterjectionEdit

ach

  1. Alternative form of och

AnagramsEdit


ChuukeseEdit

DeterminerEdit

ach

  1. First-person plural inclusive general possessive; our (inclusive)

Related termsEdit


CimbrianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronounEdit

ach

  1. (Sette Comuni) accusative of iart: you (plural; polite singular)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • “ach” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɑx/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ach
  • Rhymes: -ɑx

InterjectionEdit

ach

  1. oh, expresses compassion, surprise and dismay

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: ag
  • Papiamentu: ag

EsperantoEdit

InterjectionEdit

ach

  1. H-system spelling of

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German ach, from Old High German ah.

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

ach

  1. oh, alas (expressing surprise, sorrow, or understanding)
    • 1808, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, “Vor dem Thor”, in Faust: Der Tragödie erster Teil [Faust, Part One]‎[1]; republished as Bayard Taylor, transl.,1870:
      Zwey Seelen wohnen, ach! in meiner Brust, / Die eine will sich von der andern trennen;
      Two souls, alas! reside within my breast, / And each withdraws from, and repels, its brother.
  2. oh (preceding an offhand or annoyed remark)
  3. oh (preceding an invocation or address, but rarely a solemn one)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Danish: ah
    • Norwegian Bokmål: ah, a

Further readingEdit


IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish acht (but, except), from Proto-Celtic *ektos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs.

Alternative formsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

ach

  1. but

PrepositionEdit

ach (plus nominative, triggers no mutation)

  1. except, but
Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

ach

  1. but, only, merely

Etymology 2Edit

Onomatopoeic.

Alternative formsEdit

InterjectionEdit

ach!

  1. ah! och! ugh!

Further readingEdit


Middle Low GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

ach

  1. oh (an expression of grievance or displeasure)

North FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian achta. Compare West Frisian acht.

NumeralEdit

ach

  1. (Heligoland) eight

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Onomatopoeic.

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

ach

  1. ah! (expresses surprise)
    Synonyms: och, ojej, ależ

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ach in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ach in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scottish GaelicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish acht (but, except), from Proto-Celtic *ektos, from Proto-Indo-European *eghs.

ConjunctionEdit

ach

  1. but
    Thèid mise ach cha tèid thusa.I'll go but you won't [go].
  2. except, only
    Cha robh ann ach trì daoine.There were only three people (literally "there was not there but/except for three people").

Etymology 2Edit

Shortened form of feuch.

ConjunctionEdit

ach

  1. so that
    Dh'aontaich e ach am biodh adhartas air choireigin ann.He agreed so that there would be some progress.

ReferencesEdit


Temascaltepec NahuatlEdit

AdverbEdit

ach

  1. maybe

WelshEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *akkā, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ekkeh₂ (compare Latin Acca (Larentia), a Roman goddess, Ancient Greek Ἀκκώ (Akkṓ, nurse of Demeter), Sanskrit अक्का (akkā, mother)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ach f (plural achau or achoedd)

  1. kinship
  2. pedigree, ancestry
  3. (plural) lineage
  4. (plural) genealogy, family roots
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

och, ych

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

ach

  1. yuck
Derived termsEdit

ach-y-fi

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
ach unchanged unchanged hach
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “ach”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies