English edit

Infix edit

-me-

  1. (pharmacology) a shortened allomorph of the monoclonal antibody affix -mel-, used before the affixes -xi- and -zu- for ease of pronunciation

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

Swahili edit

Etymology edit

From the same root as -maliza (to finish).[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Infix edit

-me-

  1. (in active verbs) perfect aspect marker
    wamekwenda zaothey have left
    nilikuwa nimekisomaI had read it
  2. (in stative verbs) stative aspect marker
    wemelalathey are asleep
    umechelewayou are late

Conjugation edit

See also edit

Swahili TAM markers
Initial
Positive infinitive ku-/kw-1
Negative infinitive kuto-
Habitual hu-1
Telegrammic ka-1
Final
General (positive indicative) -a
Positive subjunctive -e
Negative present -i
Second person plural -ni
Infix position
positive subject concord
Positive past -li-
Positive present -na-
Positive future -ta-
Negative subjunctive -si-1
Positive present conditional -nge-
Negative present conditional -singe-
Positive past conditional -ngali-
Negative past conditional -singali-
Gnomic -a-1
Perfect -me-
"Already" past -lisha-
"Already" present -mesha-/-sha-
"If/When" -ki-1
"If not" -sipo-
Consecutive -ka-1
Infix position
negative subject concord
Negative past -ku-1
Negative future -ta-
"Not yet" -ja-1
Negative present conditional -nge-
Negative past conditional -ngali-
Relative
Past -li-
Present -na-
Future -taka-
Negative -si-
1 Can take stress and therefore does not require -ku-/-kw- in monosyllabic verbs.

References edit

  1. ^ Carl Meinhof (1906) Grundzüge einer vergleichenden Grammatik der Bantusprachen, Dietrich Reimer, page 73

Kongo edit

Infix edit

-me-

  1. Perfect aspect marker