Curripaco

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Prefix

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li-

  1. third person singular masculine agent marker

References

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  • Swintha Danielsen, Tania Granadillo, Agreement in two Arawak languages, in The Typology of Semantic Alignment (edited by Mark Donohue, Søren Wichmann) (2008, →ISBN, page 398

Mokilese

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Pronunciation

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Prefix

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li-

  1. prone to, able to

Munsee

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Preverb

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li-[1]

  1. In a certain manner; in a certain way;

References

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  1. ^ O'Meara, John (2014) “li-”, in Delaware-English/English-Delaware Dictionary (Heritage), Toronto: University of Toronto Press, published 1996, →ISBN

Northern Ndebele

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Nguni *ni-.

Prefix

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li-

  1. you, you all; second-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Nguni *ní-.

Prefix

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li-

  1. you, you all; second-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3

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From Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-.

Prefix

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li-

  1. he, she, it; class 5 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 5 object concord.

Phuthi

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Nguni *ni-.

Prefix

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li-

  1. you, you all; second-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Nguni *ní-.

Prefix

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li-

  1. you, you all; second-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3

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From Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-, plus augment. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *ì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix

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li-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix.

Etymology 4

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From Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-.

Prefix

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li-

  1. he, she, it; class 5 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 5 object concord.

Southern Ndebele

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-.

Prefix

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li-

  1. he, she, it; class 5 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 5 object concord.

Swahili

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Other scripts
Ajami لِـ

Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-.

Prefix

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li-

  1. it, ji class(V) subject concord
    • 18th century, Abdallah bin Ali bin Nasir, Al-Inkishafi[1], translation from R. Allen (1946) “Inkishafi—a translation from the Swahili”, in African Studies, volume 5, number 4, →DOI, pages 243–249, stanza 11:
      مُيُ وَاغُ نِنِ هُزُدُكَانِ ، لِكُغُرِيِلُ هِيْلَ نِنْنِ ،
      Moyo wangu nini huzundukani, likughuriyelo hela ni-n'ni?
      Soul, why not awake? Hi! what is it that cheats you?
  2. verb-initial form of -li- (it, ji class(V) object concord)

See also

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Swazi

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-, plus augment. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *ì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix

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li-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-.

Prefix

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li-

  1. he, she, it; class 5 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 5 object concord.

Tocharian B

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Verb

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li-

  1. to wipe away
  2. to cleanse oneself

Tooro

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Alternative forms

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  • (before vowels) ly-

Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-.

Pronunciation

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Prefix

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li-

  1. class 5 pronominal concord
    li- + ‎-nu (this, these) → ‎linu (this (class 5))
  2. it; class 5 subject concord
    li- + ‎-kora (to do) → ‎likora (it (class 5) does)
  3. positive imperative form of -li- (it; class 5 object concord)
    li- + ‎-ha (to give) → ‎liha (give it (class 5))

See also

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References

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  • Kaji, Shigeki (2007) A Rutooro Vocabulary[2], Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), →ISBN, page 414

Unami

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Preverb

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li-[1]

  1. In a certain manner; in a certain way; toward

References

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  1. ^ Rementer, Jim with Pearson, Bruce L. (2005) chapter LI, in Leneaux, Grant, Whritenour, Raymond, editors, The Lenape Talking Dictionary, The Lenape Language Preservation Project

Xhosa

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-.

Prefix

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li-

  1. he, she, it; class 5 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 5 object concord.

Zulu

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *ì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix

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li-

  1. Class 5 simple noun prefix.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-.

Prefix

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lí-

  1. he, she, it; class 5 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 5 object concord.

References

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