Kikuyu Edit

Pronunciation Edit

Particle Edit


  1. (with a class prefix and a verb) without
    kĩiniĩ gĩtaitasomething upside down without leaking
    Mũndũ ũtathiaga oigaga no nyina ũrugaga wega.One who does not travel says only his mother is a good cook.

Further reading Edit

  • “-ta-” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary, p. 423. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Swahili Edit

Etymology Edit

From -taka (to want). Doublet of -taka-.

Pronunciation Edit

  • (file)

Infix Edit


  1. will, positive and negative future tense marker
    Near-synonym: -taka- (relative positive future tense marker)
    watakwendathey will go
    sitakisomaI will not read it

Conjugation Edit

See also Edit

Swahili TAM markers
Positive infinitive ku-/kw-1
Negative infinitive kuto-
Habitual hu-1
Telegrammic ka-1
General (positive indicative) -a
Positive subjunctive -e
Negative present -i
Second person plural -ni
Infix position
positive subject concord
Positive past -li-
Positive present -na-
Positive future -ta-
Negative subjunctive -si-1
Positive present conditional -nge-
Negative present conditional -singe-
Positive past conditional -ngali-
Negative past conditional -singali-
Gnomic -a-1
Perfect -me-
"Already" past -lisha-
"Already" present -mesha-/-sha-
"If/When" -ki-1
"If not" -sipo-
Consecutive -ka-1
Infix position
negative subject concord
Negative past -ku-1
Negative future -ta-
"Not yet" -ja-1
Negative present conditional -nge-
Negative past conditional -ngali-
Past -li-
Present -na-
Future -taka-
Negative -si-
1 Can take stress and therefore does not require -ku-/-kw- in monosyllabic verbs.