English

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Satellite image of Australia (English def. 1)

Alternative forms

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Etymology

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First attested 16th century, from Latin terra austrālis incōgnita (unknown southern land), from auster (the south wind). Used also in 1693 (quotation below). Popularised by Matthew Flinders in 1814 (quotation below).

Distantly cognate to Austria, containing the same Proto-Indo-European root, but through German where it retained the earlier sense of “east” rather than “south”.

See also Terra Australis.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Australia

  1. An island in Oceania.
    • 1693: translation of a French novel by Jacques Sadeur (believed to be a pen name of Gabriel de Foigny) titled Les Aventures de Jacques Sadeur dans la Découverte et le Voiage de la Terre Australe published 1692, translation published in London in 1693. Quoted in The Australian Language by Sidney J. Baker, second edition, 1966, chapter XIX, section 1, pages 388-9.
      This is all that I can have a certain knowledge of as to that side of Australia ...
    • 1814, Matthew Flinders, A Voyage to Terra Australis, volume 1 (at Project Gutenberg)
      Had I permitted myself any innovation upon the original term, it would have been to convert it into AUSTRALIA; as being more agreeable to the ear, and an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth.
  2. A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire. Official name: Commonwealth of Australia. Capital: Canberra.
  3. (geology) A continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands. New Guinea and the intervening islands are also on the Australian tectonic plate and are thus geologically considered part of the continent.

Synonyms

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Hypernyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Maori: Ahitereiria
  • Tokelauan: Auhitalia

Translations

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also

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Further reading

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Albanian

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Proper noun

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Australia f

  1. definite nominative of Australi

Asturian

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Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Proper noun

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Australia f

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)
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Basque

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /au̯s̺tralia/ [au̯s̺.t̪ra.li.a]
  • Rhymes: -ia
  • Hyphenation: Aus‧tra‧li‧a

Proper noun

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Australia inan

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Declension

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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Central Huasteca Nahuatl

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Proper noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Central Nahuatl

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Proper noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Finnish

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin austrālia.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈɑu̯strɑ(ː)liɑ/, [ˈɑ̝u̯s̠trɑ̝(ː)ˌliɑ̝] (long vowel more common)
  • Rhymes: -iɑ
  • Syllabification(key): Aust‧ra‧li‧a

Proper noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Declension

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Inflection of Australia (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative Australia
genitive Australian
partitive Australiaa
illative Australiaan
singular plural
nominative Australia
accusative nom. Australia
gen. Australian
genitive Australian
partitive Australiaa
inessive Australiassa
elative Australiasta
illative Australiaan
adessive Australialla
ablative Australialta
allative Australialle
essive Australiana
translative Australiaksi
abessive Australiatta
instructive
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of Australia (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Australiani
accusative nom. Australiani
gen. Australiani
genitive Australiani
partitive Australiaani
inessive Australiassani
elative Australiastani
illative Australiaani
adessive Australiallani
ablative Australialtani
allative Australialleni
essive Australianani
translative Australiakseni
abessive Australiattani
instructive
comitative
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Australiasi
accusative nom. Australiasi
gen. Australiasi
genitive Australiasi
partitive Australiaasi
inessive Australiassasi
elative Australiastasi
illative Australiaasi
adessive Australiallasi
ablative Australialtasi
allative Australiallesi
essive Australianasi
translative Australiaksesi
abessive Australiattasi
instructive
comitative
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Australiamme
accusative nom. Australiamme
gen. Australiamme
genitive Australiamme
partitive Australiaamme
inessive Australiassamme
elative Australiastamme
illative Australiaamme
adessive Australiallamme
ablative Australialtamme
allative Australiallemme
essive Australianamme
translative Australiaksemme
abessive Australiattamme
instructive
comitative
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Australianne
accusative nom. Australianne
gen. Australianne
genitive Australianne
partitive Australiaanne
inessive Australiassanne
elative Australiastanne
illative Australiaanne
adessive Australiallanne
ablative Australialtanne
allative Australiallenne
essive Australiananne
translative Australiaksenne
abessive Australiattanne
instructive
comitative
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative Australiansa
accusative nom. Australiansa
gen. Australiansa
genitive Australiansa
partitive Australiaansa
inessive Australiassaan
Australiassansa
elative Australiastaan
Australiastansa
illative Australiaansa
adessive Australiallaan
Australiallansa
ablative Australialtaan
Australialtansa
allative Australialleen
Australiallensa
essive Australianaan
Australianansa
translative Australiakseen
Australiaksensa
abessive Australiattaan
Australiattansa
instructive
comitative

The internal locative cases (inessive, illative and elative) are used with this place name when referring to a location; for example, "in Australia" is Australiassa.

Derived terms

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compounds
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Galician

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Galician Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia gl

Alternative forms

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Proper noun

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Australia f

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)
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Greenlandic

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Etymology

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From English Australia (cognate with Danish Australien).

Noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Proper noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

See also

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Indonesian

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Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [aus.tra.li.ja]
  • Hyphenation: Aus‧tra‧lia

Proper noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)
    Rey menjalankan SMA-nya di Australia.
    Rey attends high school in Australia.

Ingrian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Russian Австралия (Avstralija).

Pronunciation

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  • (Ala-Laukaa) IPA(key): /ˈɑu̯strɑliɑ/, [ˈɑu̯s̠trəˌlʲiɑ]
  • (Soikkola) IPA(key): /ˈɑu̯strɑliɑ/, [ˈɑu̯ʃtrɑˌliɑ]
  • Rhymes: -iɑ
  • Hyphenation: Aust‧ra‧li‧a

Proper noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (a country in Oceania)
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova, V. G. Erdeli, translated by P. I. Maksimov and N. A. Iljin, Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun neljättä klaassaa vart (toine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 123:
      Anglian päävladenjat ollaa India, Australia, Lounatafrikan sojuza, Kanada.
      England's main subjects are India, Australia, South African Union, Canada.
  2. Australia (a continent)
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova, V. G. Erdeli, translated by Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 122:
      Voimakkaammat kapitalisticeskoit maat ottiit Afrikast, Amerikast, Australiast ja Aaziast ettäiset rikkaat maat.
      The strongest capitalistic countries took the faraway rich countries from Africa, America, Australia and Asia.

Declension

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Declension of Australia (type 3/kana, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative Australia Australiat
genitive Australian Australioin
partitive Australiaa Australioja
illative Australiaa Australioi
inessive Australias Australiois
elative Australiast Australioist
allative Australialle Australioille
adessive Australial Australioil
ablative Australialt Australioilt
translative Australiaks Australioiks
essive Australianna, Australiaan Australioinna, Australioin
exessive1) Australiant Australioint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Interlingua

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Proper noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Italian

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /awˈstra.lja/
  • Rhymes: -alja
  • Hyphenation: Au‧strà‧lia

Proper noun

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Australia f

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Anagrams

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Latin

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Etymology

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From austrālis (southern) + a latinization of Ancient Greek -ία (-ía).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Austrālia f sg (genitive Austrāliae); first declension (New Latin)

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Declension

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First-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Austrālia
Genitive Austrāliae
Dative Austrāliae
Accusative Austrāliam
Ablative Austrāliā
Vocative Austrālia

Derived terms

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Malay

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Etymology

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From English Australia, from Latin terra austrālis incōgnita (unknown southern land), from auster (the south wind).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Norwegian Bokmål

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Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /æʉstɾɑːljɑ/, [æʉstɾɑːlɪɑ], [æʉstʁɑːlɪɑ], [æʉstrɑːlɪɑ]

Proper noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)
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See also

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Proper noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)
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Polish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from English Australia, from Latin terra austrālis incōgnita.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /awˈstra.lja/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -alja
  • Syllabification: Aus‧tra‧lia

Proper noun

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Australia f

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Declension

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Derived terms

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adjective
nouns

Further reading

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  • Australia in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • Australia in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

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Romanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ro

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Australia f

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Declension

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See also

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Sicilian

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Sicilian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia scn

Proper noun

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Australia f

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

See also

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Spanish

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Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ausˈtɾalja/ [au̯sˈt̪ɾa.lja]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -alja
  • Syllabification: Aus‧tra‧lia

Proper noun

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Australia f

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

Derived terms

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Swahili

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Proper noun

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Australia

  1. Australia (A country in Oceania comprising the islands of Australia, Tasmania and other smaller islands in the Pacific Ocean, as well as its precursor colony in the British Empire)
  2. (geology) Australia (a continent consisting of the islands of Australia, New Guinea and intervening islands)

See also

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