This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic edit

Etymology edit

Uncertain. Often explained as derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *dʰegʷʰ- (to burn), but the loss of the labialization would be irregular; *dawaz would be expected. Kroonen posits instead a root *dʰeǵʰ- (day), from which he says a heteroclitic noun *dʰṓǵʰ-r/n- (day) is also derived, the source of Proto-Germanic *dōgera-/*dōgena- (see *dōg-) and Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háȷ́ʰr̥ (from which Sanskrit अहर् (ahar)) with irregular loss of the initial consonant, possibly in the zero grade.[1] For this root, see also *gēz, Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐍃𐍄𐍂𐌰𐌳𐌰𐌲𐌹𐍃 (gistradagis) and Proto-West Germanic *gesteran (yesterday), all deriving from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰyés.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

*dagaz m

  1. day
    Synonym: *tīnaz
  2. (Runic alphabet) name of the D-rune ()

Inflection edit

masculine a-stemDeclension of *dagaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *dagaz *dagōz, *dagōs
vocative *dag *dagōz, *dagōs
accusative *dagą *daganz
genitive *dagas, *dagis *dagǫ̂
dative *dagai *dagamaz
instrumental *dagō *dagamiz

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN