See also: togʻ and tóg

Translingual edit

Symbol edit

tog

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Tonga (Malawi).

English edit

 
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Wikipedia

Etymology 1 edit

Shortened from earlier togman (cloak, loose coat), from Middle English tog, toge, togue, from Old French togue, from Latin toga (cloak, mantle) (compare the doublets toga and toge). It started being used by thieves and vagabonds with the noun togman, which was an old slang word for "cloak". By the 1700s the noun "tog" was used as a short form for "togman", and it was being used for "coat", and before 1800 the word started to mean "clothing". The verb "tog" came out after a short period of time and became a popular word which meant to dress up. The unit of thermal resistance was coined in the 1940s after the clo, a unit of thermal insulation of clothing, which was itself derived from clothes.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tog (plural togs)

  1. A cloak.
  2. A coat.
    • c. 1864, Alfred Peck Stevens, “The Chickaleary Cove”, in Farmer, John Stephen, editor, Musa Pedestris[2], published 1896, page 161:
      I have a rorty gal, also a knowing pal, / And merrily together we jog on, / I doesn't care a flatch, as long as I've a tach, / Some pannum for my chest, and a tog on.
  3. A unit of thermal resistance, being ten times the temperature difference (in °C) between the two surfaces of a material when the flow of heat is equal to one watt per square metre
Derived terms edit

Verb edit

tog (third-person singular simple present togs, present participle togging, simple past and past participle togged)

  1. (transitive) To dress (often with up or out).
    • 1913, Joseph C[rosby] Lincoln, chapter VII, in Mr. Pratt’s Patients, New York, N.Y., London: D[aniel] Appleton and Company, →OCLC:
      [] if you call my duds a ‘livery’ again there'll be trouble. It's bad enough to go around togged out like a life saver on a drill day, but I can stand that 'cause I'm paid for it. []

Etymology 2 edit

Adverb edit

tog (not comparable)

  1. (knitting) Abbreviation of together.
    • 2012, Kay Meadors, Knitting for a Cure, page 34:
      Row 1 (Right side): Slip 1, K1, K2 tog, YO, K 10, (K2 tog, YO) twice, K3.

Etymology 3 edit

Clipping of tautog

Noun edit

tog (plural togs)

  1. A tautog, a large wrasse native to the eastern coast of North America.
    • 2021, Nick Honachefsky, “Catching Tautog from Shore”, in On The Water[3]:
      Though most jetty anglers fish the tip when looking for blackfish, tog can often be found along the entire structure.
    • 2023, Tony Salerno, “Shaking The Winter Jitters: It’s Time For Tog’”, in The Fisherman[4]:
      However, many locations hold plenty of keeper tog to 8 pounds, with several monster white chins over the 10-pound mark, particularly along the East End of the Sound.

Verb edit

tog (third-person singular simple present togs, present participle togging, simple past and past participle togged)

  1. (transitive) To fish for tautog.
    • 2023, Jason Colby, “Tog Jigging: Do It Your Way!”, in The Fisherman[5]:
      Another mindset that seems to work well for new togging recruits is to ask them to wait until the fish ‘takes the rod down’.

Anagrams edit

Albanian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Albanian *tāga, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tég-os,[1] from *(s)teg- (to cover). Compare Latin tegō (to cover), Greek τέγος (tégos, roof), Old Irish tech (house), and others.

Noun edit

tog m (plural togje, definite togu, definite plural togjet)

  1. heap, pile
  2. cluster, bunch (of people)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[1], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 148

Danish edit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Middle Low German toge, toch, from Old Saxon *tugi, from Proto-Germanic *tugiz. Cognate with Dutch teug, German Zug, Old English tyge. The sense "train" is derived from German Zug.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tog n (singular definite toget, plural indefinite tog or toge)

  1. train
  2. expedition
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /toːˀ/, [ˈtˢoˀ]

Verb edit

tog

  1. past tense of tage

Dutch edit

Adverb edit

tog

  1. Misspelling of toch.
    Hij kwam tog?He came, didn't he?

Faroese edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tog n (genitive singular togs, plural tog)

  1. (hemp) rope
  2. long hair of a sheep skin

Declension edit

Declension of tog
n4 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative tog togið tog togini
accusative tog togið tog togini
dative tog, togi tognum togum togunum
genitive togs togsins toga toganna

Icelandic edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tog n (genitive singular togs, nominative plural tog)

  1. the act of pulling
  2. rope

Declension edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Zug (sense 1), and German Low German tog, toch (sense 2).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tog n (definite singular toget, indefinite plural tog, definite plural toga or togene)

  1. (rail transport) a train (line of connected cars or carriages, often hauled by a locomotive)
  2. a procession or parade
    17. mai-togetthe 17th of May parade

Derived terms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Low German tuch (fare, pulling) (genitive toges). In the sense of a train, it is a semantic borrow from German Zug.

Noun edit

tog n (definite singular toget, indefinite plural tog, definite plural toga)

  1. (rail transport) a train (as above)
  2. a procession or parade
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From earlier and Old Norse tog, from Proto-Germanic *taugō.

Noun edit

tog n (definite singular toget, indefinite plural tog, definite plural toga)

  1. (pre-2012) alternative form of tau
  2. (pre-1938) alternative form of tau
Inflection edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Old Irish edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

tog

  1. second-person singular imperative of do·goa

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
tog thog tog
pronounced with /d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Norse edit

Etymology edit

Possibly from an older Proto-Germanic *tugą. Related to the verb toga.

Noun edit

tog n

  1. rope, line, cord

Declension edit

Descendants edit

  • Icelandic: tog
  • Faroese: tog
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: tau, tog
  • Norwegian: (dialectal) taug, tøg, tug
  • Norwegian Bokmål: tau
  • Old Swedish: tugh, togh
  • Old Danish: tow

References edit

  • tog”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tog f

  1. genitive plural of toga

Scottish Gaelic edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Irish tócbáil, verbal noun of do·fócaib (lifts up, raises; takes, takes up; brings; takes away, lifts off, removes; raises, sets up (of stones, buildings, etc.); exalts, uplifts, elevates, extols; rears, brings up, fosters; exacts, levies, raises (a tribute or tax); awakens, rouses, excites).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

tog (past thog, future togaidh, verbal noun togail, past participle togta)

  1. lift, raise, rear, haul, pick up, hoist
  2. build, erect
  3. brew, distil
  4. carry
  5. take away
  6. excite, stir, cheer up, rouse
  7. exact (as tribute)
  8. rear, educate, rear, bring up (a child)
  9. hoist, weigh
  10. extol
  11. (agriculture) make sheaves of corn

Derived terms edit

References edit

Slovene edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *tǫgъ. Cognate with Czech tuhý.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

tọ̑g (comparative bȍlj tọ̑g, superlative nȁjbolj tọ̑g)

  1. rigid, stiff

Inflection edit

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. tóg tóga tógo
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tóg ind
tógi def
tóga tógo
genitive tógega tóge tógega
dative tógemu tógi tógemu
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
tógo tógo
locative tógem tógi tógem
instrumental tógim tógo tógim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tóga tógi tógi
genitive tógih tógih tógih
dative tógima tógima tógima
accusative tóga tógi tógi
locative tógih tógih tógih
instrumental tógima tógima tógima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tógi tóge tóga
genitive tógih tógih tógih
dative tógim tógim tógim
accusative tóge tóge tóga
locative tógih tógih tógih
instrumental tógimi tógimi tógimi

Further reading edit

  • tog”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

tog

  1. past indicative of ta
  2. past indicative of taga

Anagrams edit