This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *at, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁óti, from *h₁éti. Cognate with Lithuanian at- (back, away), Latvian at- (back away), Old Prussian at-, et- (back, away).



  1. (with genitive) from, away from
  2. (with genitive) originating from, starting from (a place or time), since
  3. (with genitive) of, made of, consisting of
  4. (with genitive) out of (a selection)
  5. (with genitive) by (in passive; by the action of)

Usage notesEdit

All languages except OCS, Russian, Sorbian and Bulgarian have generalized ot to od, which is the statistically more prevalent form due to word sandhi (i.e. before vowels, sonorants and voiced consonants), and which was reanalyzed as the basic, normal form.




  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: отъ (otŭ)
    • Old Novgorodian: ѿ (otŭ)

Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “от”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*ot(ъ)”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 382: “prep. ‘from’”