Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/ain

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This Proto-West Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-West GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *ainaz.

AdjectiveEdit

*ain[1]

  1. one

InflectionEdit

a-stem
Singular Masculine
Nominative *ain
Genitive *ainas
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative *ain *ainu *ain
Accusative *ainanā *ainā *ain
Genitive *ainas *aineʀā *ainas
Dative *ainumē *aineʀē *ainumē
Instrumental *ainu *aineʀu *ainu
Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative *ainē *ainō *ainu
Accusative *ainā *ainā *ainu
Genitive *aineʀō *aineʀō *aineʀō
Dative *ainēm, *ainum *ainēm, *ainum *ainēm, *ainum
Instrumental *ainēm, *ainum *ainēm, *ainum *ainēm, *ainum

DescendantsEdit

  • Old English: ān
  • Old Frisian: ēn, ān
  • Old Saxon: ēn
    • Middle Low German: ên, ein
      • Low German:
        • German Low German: een (Hamburgisch)
        • Westphalian:
          Lippisch: eun
          Ravensbergisch: åine
          Sauerländisch: ên
          Westmünsterländisch: een, eene, ne
      • Plautdietsch: een
  • Old Dutch: ēn
  • Old High German: ein, ain
    • Middle High German: ein
      • Alemannic German: ain, äin, a, an, en
      • Bavarian: a
        Cimbrian: a, an (a, an); òan, umm (one)
        Mòcheno: a (a, an); oa' (one)
      • Central Franconian: ne (Ripuarian)
        Ripuarian: ne
      • East Central German: ä, e
      • German: ein
      • Luxembourgish: een
      • Rhine Franconian: e (Hessian)
      • Yiddish: איין(eyn), אַ(a), אַן(an)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald; Taylor, Ann (2014) The Development of Old English (A Linguistic History of English; 2), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 120: “*ain”