English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /jɛn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛn

Etymology 1 edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

From Medhurst[1] and Hepburn’s[2] romanizations, under the influence of earlier Portuguese romanizations, of Japanese (round; a round object) as ye or yen, now (en), from Chinese 銀圓银圆 (yínyuán, round silver object(s), especially a piece of eight): (yín, silver) + (yuán, circular, round; yuan, yen, dollar).[3] Cognate with Chinese (yuán, monetary unit, especially RMB) and Korean (won, North or South Korean won). Doublet of won and yuan.

Noun edit

yen (plural yen)

  1. The unit of Japanese currency (symbol: ¥) since 1871, divided into 100 sen.
    • 1872 February 24, “The Export of Rice”, in The Japan Weekly Mail: A Political, Commercial, and Literary Journal, volume III, number 8, Yokohama: ジャパンメール新聞社 [Japan Meru Shinbunsha], →OCLC, page 95, column 1:
      Passing by those clauses of it which demand no notice, we arrive at that which provides that "each proposal (for purchase) must state the price per picul of rice in gold yen." But why in gold yen, a coin as yet so scarce as to be almost beyond the ken of the foreign merchant?
    • 1906 March 28, G[opal] K[rishna] Gokhale, “Budget Speech, 1906”, in Speeches of the Honourable Mr. G. K. Gokhale, C.I.E., Madras: Published by G[anapathi] A[graharam] Natesan & Co., Esplanade, published [1908], →OCLC, pages 171–172:
      Does any one however believe that Japan's glorious achievements would have been possible, if the Government of that country had merely poured money like water on its standing battalions, unaugmented by reserves, and the magnificent spirit of every man, woman and child in that country had not been behind the Army to support it? Japan's ordinary budget for the Army is only about 37.3 millions yen, or a little under six crores of rupees.
    • 2011, Rei Kimura, chapter 7, in Japanese Orchid, [Bangkok?]: Bangkok Books, →ISBN, page 38:
      Taking the cue from his neighbours, Paul fed three 1000 yen notes into a machine beside the TV screen and the silent screen immediately exploded into a kaleidoscope of colours and instructions in Japanese below at least twenty pictures of sexy girls. [] Paul hesitated staring intently at the screen and the waiting girl while the 3,000 yen he had fed into the machine steadily dwindled at the rate of 50 yen a minute.
  2. A coin or note worth one yen.
    • 2003, Richard Werner, “Preface”, in Princes of the Yen: Japan’s Central Bankers and the Transformation of the Economy, Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, →ISBN:
      When banks lend, they create money out of nothing, without withdrawing it from other parts of the economy. This way, fiscal policy would not have crowded out private-sector activity yen by yen, as actually happened.
Synonyms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

 
A painting of an opium-smoker which used to hang in Ah Sing’s opium den on Victoria Street in London, England.

Origin uncertain, but probably from Cantonese (jan5, craving) originally in reference to opium addiction, 煙癮烟瘾 (jin1 jan5) or 菸癮烟瘾 (jin1-jan5): (jin1), (jin1, smoke, specifically opium). Compare the later yen (“opium”) and yen-yen.[4]

Noun edit

yen (plural yens)

  1. A strong desire, urge, or yearning.
    Synonyms: craving, desire, hankering, jones, longing, urge, yearning
    humankind's yen for knowledge
    • 1934, Lew Levenson, chapter XX, in Butterfly Man, New York, N.Y.: Castle Books, →OCLC; republished New York, N.Y.: Castle Books, [1960?], →OCLC, page 208:
      She repeated the words: "You for me and me for you," then hummed: "Two for tea and tea for two …" Her voice trailed off … "All I got is a yen for Diana and my sweet little cute little Zigzag."
    • 1936 February, F. Scott Fitzgerald, “The Crack-Up”, in Esquire[1]:
      Like most middle-westerners, I have never had any but the vaguest race prejudices—I always had a secret yen for the lovely Scandinavian blondes who sat on porches in St. Paul but hadn’t emerged enough economically to be part of what was then society.
    • 1955, J P Donleavy, The Ginger Man, published 1955 (France), page 342:
      And Clocklan with a nurse for sure again. Always with nurses. Always with blonde hair. His maid has black and I guess he thrives on variety. And over there are some elderly ones with diamonds on their chests in lieu of the other things. Sometimes have a yen to get one of them in bed. Old age no object.
    • 1999, Natalie Angier, “Of Hoggamus and Hogwash: Putting Evolutionary Psychology on the Couch”, in Woman: An Intimate Biography, New York, N.Y.: Houghton Mifflin Company, →ISBN, page 382:
      If a fellow chooses to tell himself that his yen for the fetching young intern in his office and his concomitant disgruntlement with his aging wife's housekeeping lacunae make perfect Darwinian sense, who am I to argue with him?
Translations edit

Verb edit

yen (third-person singular simple present yens, present participle yenning, simple past and past participle yenned)

  1. (transitive) To have a strong desire for.
    • [1876, F[rancis] K[ildale] Robinson, A Glossary of Words Used in the Neighbourhood of Whitby (Series C. Original Glossaries, and Glossaries with Fresh Additions; IV), London: Published for the English Dialect Society by Trübner & Co., 57 & 59, Ludgate Hill, →OCLC, page 227:
      Yenning, groaning, longing after.]
    • 1953, Alfred Bester, “Who He?”, New York, N.Y.: Dial Press, →OCLC, page 205:
      "Listen, I'm in Tom Bleutcher's suite at The Brompton House. Been here the whole Almighty morning. Olga wants you to have lunch with us." / "Olga? Who's she?" / "His daughter. You made a big hit with her last time they was in town. Come on down." / "Get the new writer." / "I got no new writer. Anyway she yens for you. Come on down."
    • 1992, Peter Jordan, “Acknowledgements”, in Re-Entry: Making the Transition from Missions to Life at Home, Seattle, Wash.: YWAM Publishing, →ISBN:
      C. S. Lewis warned, "The yen to publish is spiritually dangerous." The "yen" in this case is spread around, so perhaps the danger is diminished! This book has been "yenned" into existence by many, and is a two-team effort ….
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Chinese (yān), (yān), or Cantonese (jin1), (jin1, smoke, specifically opium). Compare the earlier yen (“strong desire”) and later yen-yen.[5]

Noun edit

yen (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Opium.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:opium
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ W[alter] H[enry] Medhurst (1830) An English and Japanese, and Japanese and English Vocabulary: Compiled from Native Works, Batavia: [s.n.], →OCLC.
  2. ^ J[ames] C[urtis] Hepburn (1867) A Japanese and English Dictionary: With an English and Japanese Index, Shanghai: American Presbyterian Mission Press, →OCLC.
  3. ^ “Yen”, in 世界大百科事典 [Sekai dai Hyakka Jiten = Heibonsha World Encyclopedia], volume III, Tokyo: Heibonsha, 2007, →OCLC.
  4. ^ "yen, n.²", in the Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ "yen, n.³", in the Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Anagrams edit

Bambara edit

Adverb edit

yen

  1. there

See also edit

Breton edit

Etymology edit

Cf. Welsh

Adjective edit

yen

  1. cold
    An dour zo yen.
    The water is cold.

Chinese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English yen, from Japanese (en, yen, circle).

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

yen

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, colloquial) yen; Japanese monetary unit and coin

Synonyms edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Japanese (en, yen, circle).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

yen m (plural yens)

  1. yen, Japanese monetary unit and coin.

French edit

Etymology edit

From Japanese.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

yen m (plural yens)

  1. yen (currency)

Further reading edit

Ido edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Esperanto jen, from German jener.

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

yen

  1. look here, behold, lo
    Yen la volfo!
    Here is the wolf!, Look, the wolf!

Conjunction edit

yen

  1. here is, there is
    Yen (hike) me.
    Here I am.
Synonyms edit

Preposition edit

yen

  1. here is
    Yen (ke) la treno arivas!
    Here comes the train!
Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Japanese .

Noun edit

yen (plural yen)

  1. (money) yen (Japanese currency)

Indonesian edit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology edit

From the influence of earlier Portuguese romanizations, of Japanese (round; a round object) as ye or yen, now (en), from Chinese 銀圓银圆 (yínyuán, round silver object(s), especially a piece of eight): (yín, silver) + (yuán, circular, round; yuan, yen, dollar).[1] Cognate with Chinese (yuán, monetary unit, especially RMB) and Korean (won, North or South Korean won).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /jɛn/, /jen/
  • Hyphenation: yèn

Noun edit

yen (first-person possessive yenku, second-person possessive yenmu, third-person possessive yennya)

  1. yen, the unit of Japanese currency (symbol: ¥) since 1871, divided into 100 sen.

References edit

  1. ^ “Yen”, in 世界大百科事典 [Sekai dai Hyakka Jiten = Heibonsha World Encyclopedia], volume III, Tokyo: Heibonsha, 2007, →OCLC.

Further reading edit

Koko-Bera edit

Pronoun edit

yen (accusative yintéw, dative yintéw)

  1. you; second person singular pronoun, nominative case

References edit

  • Paul Black (2008), “Pronominal Accretions in Pama-Nyungan”, in Claire Bowern; Bethwyn Evans; Luisa Miceli, editors, Morphology and Language History, →ISBN

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Noun edit

yen m (plural yenen)

  1. yen

References edit

Papiamentu edit

Etymology edit

From Spanish lleno.

Adjective edit

yen

  1. full

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English yen or French yen.

Noun edit

yen m (plural yeni)

  1. yen (currency)

Declension edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Japanese (en).

Pronunciation edit

 
  • IPA(key): (everywhere but Argentina and Uruguay) /ˈʝen/ [ˈɟ͡ʝẽn]
  • IPA(key): (Argentina and Uruguay) /ˈjen/ [ˈjẽn]

Noun edit

yen m (plural yenes)

  1. yen

Further reading edit

Turkish edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Ottoman Turkish یڭ(yeñ),[1][2][3] from Proto-Turkic *yeŋ (sleeve).[4][5][6]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈjen/
  • Hyphenation: yen

Noun edit

yen (definite accusative yeni, plural yenler)

  1. sleeve (part of a garment that covers the arm)
    Kısa yenli bir gömlek.A shirt with short sleeves.

Etymology 2 edit

From English yen.

Noun edit

yen (definite accusative yeni, plural yenler)

  1. yen (Japanese currency)

Etymology 3 edit

Verb edit

yen

  1. second-person singular imperative of yenmek

References edit

  1. ^ Redhouse, James W. (1890), “یڭ”, in A Turkish and English Lexicon, Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 2205
  2. ^ Kélékian, Diran (1911), “یڭ”, in Dictionnaire turc-français, Constantinople: Mihran, page 1353
  3. ^ Şemseddin Sâmi (1899–1901), “یڭ”, in Kamus-ı Türki (in Ottoman Turkish), Constantinople: İkdam Matbaası, page 1550
  4. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972), “yéŋ”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 940
  5. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*jegn”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  6. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “yen¹”, in Nişanyan Sözlük

Further reading edit

Volapük edit

Etymology edit

From Japanese (en).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

yen (nominative plural yens)

  1. yen

Declension edit

Zhuang edit

Etymology edit

From Mandarin (xiàn).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

yen (1957–1982 spelling yen)

  1. county