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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from German Reich (empire, realm).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Reich

  1. A German empire or nation (before 1945); its territory or government.
    • 1762, A. F. Busching, A New System of Geography, volume 4, containing, Part of Germany, viz. Bohemia, Moravia, Lusatia, Austria, Burgundy, Westphalia, and the Circle of the Rhine, translated from German, page 4:
      The Empire is differently denominated as well by Germans themselves as by others. It is called the Reich, in Latin Regnum, by way of eminence, also the German Reich, in Latin Regnum Germanicum. The appellation of Germany, is seldom used now-a-days any where but in the title of the Emperor and Elector of Mentz.

Usage notesEdit

Historically, only Germany from 1871 to 1918 — when Germany was under the rule of an emperor (Kaiser) — is known in English as the German Empire, while the term “German Reich” describes Germany from 1871 to 1945.

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TranslationsEdit

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GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German rīhhi (power, might, empire), from Proto-Germanic *rīkiją, itself either a substantivised *rīkijaz (rich, mighty) (whence also German reich (rich)), or a direct borrowing from a Celtic language; compare Middle Irish ríge (kingdom).[1]

Cognates include Old English rīċe (kingdom, empire) (obsolete English riche and rike), Dutch rijk (empire, realm), West Frisian ryk, Danish rige (empire, realm), Swedish rike, Icelandic ríki, Lithuanian rikis (military commander, ruler), and Sanskrit राज्य (rājyá, royalty, kingship, sovereignty, empire).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ʁaɪ̯ç]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪ̯ç

NounEdit

Reich n (genitive Reichs or Reiches, plural Reiche)

  1. empire or significant State
    • 1868, Wilhelm Hoffmann, Deutschland einst und jetzt im Lichte des Reiches Gottes
  2. realm (also e.g. of plants)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

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Proper nounEdit

Reich n

  1. the First Reich (the Holy Roman Empire)
    • 2006, Barbara Stollberg-Rilinger, Das Heilige Römische Reich Deutscher Nation, page 81:
      Der Prager Frieden hätte den Krieg im Reich beenden können, []
  2. the Second Reich (until 1918)
  3. the Third Reich (1933 to 1945)
    • 1969, Gerhard Eisenblätter, Grundlinien der Politik des Reiches gegenüber dem Generalgouvernement, 1939-1945
  4. A surname​.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2003) A Handbook of Germanic etymology, Leiden & Boston: Brill, page 305

Further readingEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from German Reich (realm).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Reich m (plural Reichs)

  1. Reich (territory of a German empire or nation)

Derived termsEdit