aig

Old IrishEdit

VerbEdit

·aig

  1. third-person singular present indicative conjunct of aigid

VerbEdit

aig

  1. second-person singular imperative of aigid

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
aig unchanged n-aig
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Irish oc, ac, ic, from Old Irish oc, occ.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

aig

  1. At, by, near, close by.
    Tha am balach na laighe aig an taigh.‎ ― The boy is lying at the house.
    A bheil iad aig an taigh?‎ ― Are they at home?
  2. In somebody's possession.
    Bha dithis mhac aig an duine.‎ ― The man had two sons.
  3. On account of.
    aig meud aigheir‎ ― on account of his excessive joy

Usage notesEdit

  • Scottish Gaelic doesn't have a verb equivalent to English have: possession is expressed using the preposition aig.
    Tha càr ùr aig an teaghlach. ‎(The family has a new car., literally A new car is at the family.)
  • Aig combines with personal pronouns to form prepositional pronouns. See Derived forms below.
  • The word aig and its derivates are also often used to express possession attributively instead of possessive pronouns:
    an taigh agam ‎(my house, literally the house at me)

Derived termsEdit

  • ag
  • a'
  • The following prepositional pronouns:
Person Number Prepositional pronoun Prepositional pronoun (emphatic)
Singular 1st agam agamsa
2nd agad agadsa
3rd m aige aigesan
3rd f aice aicese
Plural 1st againn againne
2nd agaibh agaibhse
3rd aca acasan

ReferencesEdit

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Grant, John (1925), Edinburgh, compiled by Malcolm MacLennan
  • oc” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *aika.

NounEdit

aig ‎(genitive singular aigan, partitive singular aigad, partitive plural aigoid)

  1. time
  2. age, era
  3. (grammar) tense

InflectionEdit

Inflection of aig
singular plural
nominative aig aigad
accusative aigan aigad
genitive aigan aigoiden
partitive aigad aigoid
inessive aigas aigoiš
illative aigha aigoihe
elative aigaspäi aigoišpäi
adessive aigal aigoil
allative aigale aigoile
ablative aigalpäi aigoilpäi
approximative I aiganno aigoidenno
approximative II aigannoks aigoidennoks
egressive aigannopäi aigoidennopäi
terminative I aighasai aigoihesai
terminative II aigalesai aigoilesai
terminative III aigassai
additive I aighapäi aigoihepäi
additive II aigalepäi aigoilepäi
essive-instructive aigan aigoin
translative aigaks aigoikš
abessive aigata aigoita
comitative aiganke aigoidenke
prolative aigadme aigoidme

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "время", "эпоха" in Uz' venä-vepsläine vajehnik/Новый русско-вепсский словарь ‎(Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ), Nina G. Zaiceva, Maria I. Mullonen, 2007.

VõroEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *aika.

NounEdit

aig ‎(genitive ao, partitive aigo)

  1. time
  2. (grammar) tense

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

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