See also: AiG and AIG

LivonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *hauki, from Slavic. Akin to Finnish hauki.

NounEdit

aig

  1. pike (fish of the genus Esox)

LudianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *aika.

NounEdit

aig

  1. time

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *yegis.

NounEdit

aig f (genitive ega)

  1. ice
InflectionEdit
Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative aig
Vocative aig
Accusative aigN
Genitive egoH, egaH
Dative aigL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
DescendantsEdit
  • Scottish Gaelic: eigh

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

·aig

  1. third-person singular present indicative conjunct of aigid

VerbEdit

aig

  1. second-person singular imperative of aigid

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
aig unchanged n-aig
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare agg.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

aig (third-person singular simple present aigs, present participle aigan, simple past aiged, past participle aiged)

  1. (Caithness) to work eagerly

ReferencesEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Irish oc, from Old Irish oc. Cognates include Irish ag and Manx ec.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɛkʲ/
  • Hyphenation: aig

PrepositionEdit

aig (+ dative)

  1. at, by, near, closeby
    Tha am balach na laighe aig an taigh.The boy is lying at the house.
    A bheil iad aig an taigh?Are they at home?
  2. in somebody's possession
    Bha dithis mhac aig an duine.The man had two sons.
    Tha lèine gheal agam, ach tha lèine dhubh agad.I have a white shirt, but you have a black shirt.
  3. on account of
    aig meud aigheiron account of his excessive joy

InflectionEdit

Personal inflection of aig
Number Person Simple Emphatic
Singular 1st agam agamsa
2nd agad agadsa
3rd m aige aigesan
3rd f aice aicese
Plural 1st againn againne
2nd agaibh agaibhse
3rd aca acasan

Usage notesEdit

  • Scottish Gaelic doesn't have a verb equivalent to English have: possession is expressed using the preposition aig.
    Tha càr ùr aig an teaghlach.The family has a new car. (literally, “A new car is at the family.”)
  • The word aig and its derivates are also often used to express possession attributively instead of possessive pronouns:
    an taigh agammy house (literally, “the house at me”)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “aig”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Grant, John (1925), Edinburgh, compiled by Malcolm MacLennan
  • G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “oc”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *aika.

NounEdit

aig

  1. time
  2. age, era
  3. (grammar) tense

InflectionEdit

Inflection of aig
nominative sing. aig
genitive sing. aigan
partitive sing. aigad
partitive plur. aigoid
singular plural
nominative aig aigad
accusative aigan aigad
genitive aigan aigoiden
partitive aigad aigoid
essive-instructive aigan aigoin
translative aigaks aigoikš
inessive aigas aigoiš
elative aigaspäi aigoišpäi
illative ? aigoihe
adessive aigal aigoil
ablative aigalpäi aigoilpäi
allative aigale aigoile
abessive aigata aigoita
comitative aiganke aigoidenke
prolative aigadme aigoidme
approximative I aiganno aigoidenno
approximative II aigannoks aigoidennoks
egressive aigannopäi aigoidennopäi
terminative I ? aigoihesai
terminative II aigalesai aigoilesai
terminative III aigassai
additive I ? aigoihepäi
additive II aigalepäi aigoilepäi

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “время, эпоха”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

VõroEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *aika.

NounEdit

aig (genitive ao, partitive aigo)

  1. time
  2. (grammar) tense

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit