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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From at- +‎ rast (to find). From an earlier meaning “to straighten up, to stand up (with something found)” (cf. the earlier meaning “to bend, to sway” of rast), it developed the current meaning “to find.” The intransitive meaning “to wean”, “to lose a habit” is apparently derived from the other (older) meaning of rast, “to grow.”[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

VerbEdit

atrast tr., 1st conj., pres. atrodu, atrodi, atrod, past atradu

  1. to find (to get, by searching, something that had been lost, or something necessary, desired)
    atrast pazaudēto atslēguto find the lost key
    atrast pazudušo teātra biļetito find the lost theater tickets
    atrast noklīdušos jērusto find the lost lambs
    atrast nomaldījušos slēpotājusto find the skiers that had got lost
    atrast piemērot dzīvoklito find a suitable apartment
    atrast vajadzīgo ieluto find the desired street
    atrast patīkamu darbuto find a nice job
    atrast darbam piemērotu cilvēkuto find the right person for the job
  2. to find, to discover (something hidden or not directly accessible; something forgotten, left somewhere)
    atrast diamantus taigāto find diamants in the taiga
    atrast kļūdas skolnieka darbāto find errors in a student's work
    atrast uz ielas naudas makuto find a wallet on the street
    atrast autobusā aizmirstu lietussarguto find a forgotten umbrella in the bus
    Riņņu kalnā atrasta visvecākā cilvēku apmetne Latvijāon the Riņņu mountain (was) found the oldest human settlements in Latvia
  3. to find, to discover, to invent; to determine, to deduce, to calculate
    atrast jaunu ķīmisku savienojumuto find a new chemical compound
    atrast jaunas darbas metodesto find new work methods
    atrast vairāku skaitļu summuto find the sum of several numbers
    atrast kopējo saucēju daļskaitļiemto find the common denominator of fractions
    atrast izeju sarežģītā situacijāto find one's way out in a difficult situation
    atrast motivāciju savam lēmumamto find a motivation for one's decision
    atrast attaisnojumu biedra rīcībaito find an excuse for a colleague's actions
  4. to find (to choose mentally, e.g. words, means, etc.)
    atrast īstos vārdus, īsto atbildito find the right words, the right answer
    atrast pareizo pieeju katram bērnamto find the right approach for every child
  5. (of time) to find (to dedicate, to use for some purpose)
    atrast brīvu brīdito find a free moment (for something)
    viens vai otrs no Augusta draugiem arvien atrada laiku viņu visur pavadītone or other of Augsts' friends always found time to accompany him everywhere
  6. to find, to meet, to see (to see that someone or something is somewhere, doing something, in a certain state)
    atrast paziņu mājāsto find a friend at home
    atrast bērnu guļamto find the child sleeping
    kādu vakaru Gijo atrada dzīvokli tukšuone night Gijo found the apartment empty
  7. (of qualities) to find, to see, to perceive
    atrast daudz vērtīga sava drauga raksturāto find a lot of valuable (features) in a friend's character
    daudz asas ironijas atrodam E. Veidenbauma satīriskajā dzejāwe find a lot of sharp irony in E. Veidenbaums' satirical poetry
  8. to find, to get, to obtain, to have
    atrast piekritējusto find adherents, followers
    atrast glābiņu, atbalsito find refuge, support
    atrast prieku darbāto find joy in work
    atrast laimi ģimenēto find happiness in (one's) family
    pie krieviem atradām mēs draugus, palīgusamong the Russians we found friends, helpers
    atradusi ar ko spēlēties(she) found something to play with

atrast intr., 1st conj., pres. atrodu, atrodi, atrod, past atradu

  1. to wean, to lose a connection, a habit
    atrast no mājāmto wean from home
    šķiroties man vecāku nebija ne drusciņ žēl: biju it jautrs, smējos, lēkāju ap kamanām, tā ka vecmāmuļa piezīmēja: “lūk, nu, meit, kur drīz tavs dēls no tevis atradisI wasn't sorry because of my parents' divorce: I was cheerful, I laughed, jumped around the sleigh, so that my grandmother observed: “look, daughter, there he soon will wean from you”
  2. to lose a skill, an ability; to grow unaccustomed
    rokas atradušas no smaga darbahands (that have) grown unaccustomed to heavy work
    karavīri iegāja mežā un sāka kāpt kalnā; tas nebija viegli, jo kājas bija atradušas staigātthe soldiers went into the forest and began to climb the hill; this was not easy, because (their) legs had become unaccustomed to walking

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “rast”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7