From Middle English obteinen, from Anglo-Norman obtenir, optiner et al., and Middle French obtenir, from Latin obtinēre (“to gain, achieve, succeed, possess”), from ob- + tenēre (“to hold”).
obtain (third-person singular simple present obtains, present participle obtaining, simple past and past participle obtained)
- (transitive) To get hold of; to gain possession of, to procure; to acquire, in any way. [from 15th c.]
- 1526, [William Tyndale, transl.], The Newe Testamẽt […] (Tyndale Bible), [Worms, Germany: Peter Schöffer], →OCLC, Luke ]:
- And a certayne ruler axed him: sayinge: Goode Master: what ought I to do, to obtaine eternall lyfe?
- 1814 July, [Jane Austen], chapter III, in Mansfield Park: […], volume II, London: […] T[homas] Egerton, […], →OCLC, page 64:
- […] Julia was quite as eager for novelty and pleasure as Maria, though she might not have struggled through so much to obtain them, and could better bear a subordinate situation.
- 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, “The tao of tech”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 48:
- But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention. Partly, this is a result of how online advertising has traditionally worked: advertisers pay for clicks, and a click is a click, however it's obtained.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To secure (that) a specific objective or state of affairs be reached. [15th–19th c.]
- 1722, Daniel Defoe, Colonel Jack:
- he was condemned to die for the felony, and being so well known for an old offender, had certainly died, but the merchant, upon his earnest application, had obtained that he should be transported, on condition that he restored all the rest of his bills, which he had done accordingly.
- 1722, Daniel Defoe, Colonel Jack:
- (intransitive, obsolete) To prevail, be victorious; to succeed. [15th–19th c.]
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, “Book III, Canto II”, in The Faerie Queene. […], London: […] [John Wolfe] for William Ponsonbie, →OCLC:
- “O daughter deare!” (said she) “despeire no whit; / For never sore but might a salve obtain [...].”
- 1701, Jonathan Swift, Contests and Dissentions in Athens and Rome:
- This, though it failed at present, yet afterward obtained, and was a mighty step to the ruin of the commonwealth.
- (transitive, obsolete) To hold; to keep, possess or occupy. [15th–18th c.]
- 1671, John Milton, “The First Book”, in Paradise Regain’d. A Poem. In IV Books. To which is Added, Samson Agonistes, London: […] J. M[acock] for John Starkey […], →OCLC, lines 76–79, page 6:
- His mother then is mortal, but his Sire / He who obtains the monarchy of Heav'n, / And what will he not do to advance his Son?
- (intransitive, archaic) To exist or be the case; to hold true, be in force. [from 17th c.]
- 1908, Jack London, chapter 17, in The Iron Heel, New York: The Macmillan Company:
- Even though the Pervaise confession had never come to light, no reasonable doubt could obtain; for the act in question […] was on a par with countless other acts committed by the oligarchs, and, before them, by the capitalists.
- 1942 July-August, T. F. Cameron, “How the Staff of a Railway is Recruited”, in Railway Magazine, page 207:
- In connection with the various courses of practical instruction, the companies maintain signalling schools fitted with standard railway equipment in which the staff can be given instructions under conditions exactly similar to those which obtain in signal boxes.
- 1992, Neal Stephenson, Snow Crash, New York: Bantam Books, →ISBN, page 460:
- But the hostage situation no longer obtains, and so Uncle Enzo feels it important to stop Rife now, […]
Conjugation of obtain
|present tense||past tense|
|2nd-person singular||obtain, obtainest†||obtained, obtainedst†|
|3rd-person singular||obtains, obtaineth†||obtained|
to get hold of; to gain possession of, to procure; to acquire, in any way — See also translations at get hold of, procure, acquire
(obsolete in English) to secure (that) a specific objective or state of affairs be reached
(obsolete in English) to prevail, be victorious; to succeed — See also translations at prevail, succeed
(obsolete in English) to hold; to keep, possess or occupy — See also translations at hold, keep, possess, occupy
(archaic in English) to exist or be the case; to hold true, be in force — See also translations at exist, be the case, hold true, in force