See also: Crank

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English cronk, cranke, from Old English cranc, from Proto-Germanic *krangaz, *krankaz (bent; weak). Cognate with German krank (sick), Dutch kreng (corpse), krank (sick).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kɹæŋk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æŋk

AdjectiveEdit

crank (comparative cranker, superlative crankest)

  1. (slang) Strange, weird, odd.
  2. Sick; unwell; infirm.
  3. (nautical, of a ship) Liable to capsize because of poorly stowed cargo or insufficient ballast.
    • (Can we date this quote by Longfellow and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      This ship is so crank and walty
      I fear our grave she will be!
    • 1833, Edgar Allan Poe, MS. Found in a Bottle
      The stowage was clumsily done, and the vessel consequently crank.
  4. Full of spirit; brisk; lively; sprightly; overconfident; opinionated.
    • (Can we date this quote by Nicholas Udall and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      He who was, a little before, bedrid, [] was now crank and lusty.
    • (Can we date this quote by Harriet Beecher Stowe and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      If you strong electioners did not think you were among the elect, you would not be so crank about it.

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

crank (plural cranks)

 
manual coffee grinder with hand crank (1)
  1. A bent piece of an axle or shaft, or an attached arm perpendicular, or nearly so, to the end of a shaft or wheel, used to impart a rotation to a wheel or other mechanical device; also used to change circular into reciprocating motion, or reciprocating into circular motion.
    I grind my coffee by hand with a coffee grinder with a crank handle.
  2. The act of converting power into motion, by turning a crankshaft.
    Yes, a crank was all it needed to start.
  3. (archaic) Any bend, turn, or winding, as of a passage.
    • (Can we date this quote by William Spenser and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      So many turning cranks these have, so many crooks.
  4. (informal) An ill-tempered or nasty person.
    Billy-Bob is a nasty old crank! He chased my cat away.
  5. A twist or turn of the mind; caprice; whim; crotchet; also, a fit of temper or passion.
    • (Can we date this quote by Carlyle and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Violent of temper; subject to sudden cranks.
  6. (informal, Britain, dated in US) A person who is considered strange or odd by others. They may behave in unconventional ways.
    Synonyms: kook, odd duck, weirdo; see also Thesaurus:strange person
    John is a crank because he talks to himself.
    • 1882 January 14, in Pall Mall Gazette:
      Persons whom the Americans since Guiteau’s trial have begun to designate as ‘cranks’—that is to say, persons of disordered mind, in whom the itch of notoriety supplies the lack of any higher ambition.
    • 1901 July 19, “Gleanings”, in The Agricultural Journal and Mining Record[1], volume 4, number 10, page 318:
      The raw meat cranks are in dead earnest. They think that raw food is the manna of heaven.
  7. (archaic, baseball, slang, 1800s) A baseball fan.
  8. (informal) An advocate of a pseudoscience movement.
    Synonym: crackpot (US)
    That crank next door thinks he’s created cold fusion in his garage.
  9. (US, slang) Synonym of methamphetamine.
    Danny got abscesses from shooting all that bathtub crank.
  10. (rare) A twist or turn in speech; a conceit consisting in a change of the form or meaning of a word.
  11. (obsolete) A sick person; an invalid.
    • (Can we date this quote by Burton and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Thou art a counterfeit crank, a cheater.
  12. (slang) A penis.
    Synonyms: cock, dick; see also Thesaurus:penis
    • 2013, Reggie Chesterfield, Scoundrel, page 57:
      It was going to be hard not to blow with a girl like her sucking on his crank.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

crank (third-person singular simple present cranks, present participle cranking, simple past and past participle cranked)

  1. (transitive) To turn by means of a crank.
    Motorists had to crank their engine by hand.
  2. (intransitive) To turn a crank.
    He's been cranking all day and yet it refuses to crank.
  3. (intransitive, of a crank or similar) To turn.
    He's been cranking all day and yet it refuses to crank.
  4. (transitive) To cause to spin via other means, as though turned by a crank.
    I turn the key and crank the engine; yet it doesn't turn over
    Crank it up!
  5. (intransitive) To act in a cranky manner; to behave unreasonably and irritably, especially through complaining.
    Quit cranking about your spilt milk!
  6. (intransitive) To be running at a high level of output or effort.
    By one hour into the shift, the boys were really cranking.
    • 2009, Carol Baroudi, Jeffrey Hill, Arnold Reinhold, Green IT For Dummies:
      Better computers use variable speed fans so they run at top speed only when the computer is really cranking
    • 2009, Mike Edison, I Have Fun Everywhere I Go: Savage Tales of Pot, Porn, Punk Rock, ...:
      When we were playing at the top of our ability and really cranking, the whole thing could sound like a jet plane taking off in the club.
    • 2011, P. L. Nelson, The Incessant Voice of War: The Black Rose Conspiracies, page 64:
      expected that the NVA and VC were in a position to dish out what they're dishing out, and the rumor mill is really cranking overtime.
  7. (intransitive, dated) To run with a winding course; to double; to crook; to wind and turn.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit