See also: CRU, Cru, crû, and crú

English

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French cru (growth), from French crû, past participle of French croître (grow).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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cru (plural crus)

  1. A vineyard or group of vineyards in France, especially one having a high reputation.
    • 2009, Ed McCarthy, Mary Ewing-Mulligan, Maryann Egan, Wine All-in-One For Dummies, page 218:
      Each cru has an official quality rating on a scale of 100: Grand cru vineyards all rate 100, and premier cru vineyards rank from 90 to 99 points.

Usage notes

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Translated as growth in phrases such as “first growth” for premier cru.

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Anagrams

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Catalan

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Etymology

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Inherited from Latin crūdus (compare Occitan crus, French cru, Spanish crudo).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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cru (feminine crua, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crues)

  1. raw

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Dutch

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French cru, from Middle French cru, from Old French [Term?], from Latin crūdus.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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cru (not comparable)

  1. crude, coarse

Declension

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Declension of cru
uninflected cru
inflected crue
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial cru
indefinite m./f. sing. crue
n. sing. cru
plural crue
definite crue
partitive cru's

French

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Middle French crud, from Old French cru, creu, from Latin crūdus (English crude).

Adjective

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cru (feminine crue, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crues)

  1. raw (uncooked, unprocessed)
Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Haitian Creole: kri

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Participle

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cru (feminine crue, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crues)

  1. past participle of croire

Etymology 3

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Nominal use of crû, past participle of croître.

Noun

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cru m (plural crus)

  1. growth
  2. vineyard; vintage

Further reading

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Galician

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Etymology

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13th century. From Old Galician-Portuguese cruu, from Latin crūdus, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *krewh₂- (raw meat, fresh blood).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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cru (feminine crúa, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crúas)

  1. raw; unprocessed
    • 1295, A. López Ferreiro, editor, Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática, Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 152:
      acharedes en casa na mia ucha cinquoeenta uaras de lenço que seen ordidas et cinquo maranas de fiado cruu et tres de cozido
      you'll find in my home inside my chest fifty yards of woven cloth and five skeins of raw thread and three of boiled
  2. (dated) cruel
    • 1348, R. Lorenzo, editor, La traducción gallega de la Crónica General y de la Crónica de Castilla, Ourense: I.E.O.P.F., page 316:
      Et, ãdando ambos muy fortes et muy cruus en sua batalla, ferindose muy sen piadade
      And, being both very strong and cruel in their battle, they hurt one another mercilessly

Derived terms

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References

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  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “cruu”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “cruu”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • cru” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • cru” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cru” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French cru. Doublet of crudo.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈkru/*
  • Rhymes: -u
  • Hyphenation: crù

Noun

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cru m (invariable)

  1. cru (vineyard known for its quality without official rankings)

Old French

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin crudus.

Adjective

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cru m (oblique and nominative feminine singular crue)

  1. raw (uncooked)

Descendants

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Portuguese

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Galician-Portuguese cruu, from Latin crūdum. Compare Galician cru, Spanish and Italian crudo, French cru, and Romanian crud.

Pronunciation

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  • Rhymes: -u
  • Hyphenation: cru

Adjective

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cru (feminine crua, masculine plural crus, feminine plural cruas)

  1. raw (uncooked, unprocessed)

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Guinea-Bissau Creole: kru