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EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle French dialecte, from Latin dialectos, dialectus, from Ancient Greek διάλεκτος (diálektos, conversation, the language of a country or a place or a nation, the local idiom which derives from a dominant language), from διαλέγομαι (dialégomai, I participate in a dialogue), from διά (diá, inter, through) + λέγω (légō, I speak).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdaɪ.ə.ˌlɛkt/
  • (file)

NounEdit

dialect (plural dialects)

  1. (linguistics) A variety of a language that is characteristic of a particular area, community, or group, often differing from other varieties of the same language in minor ways as regards vocabulary, style, spelling and pronunciation.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, Transformational Grammar: A First Course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 139:
      And in addition, many dialects of English make no morphological distinction between Adjectives and Adverbs, and thus use Adjectives in contexts where the standard language requires -ly Adverbs
  2. (derogatory) Language that is perceived as substandard or wrong.
    • 1975, H. Carl, Linguistic Perspectives on Black English, page 219:
      Well, those children don't speak dialect, not in this school. Maybe in the public schools, but not here.
    • 1994, H. Nigel Thomas, Spirits in the Dark, Heinemann, page 11:
      [] on the second day, Miss Anderson gave the school a lecture on why it was wrong to speak dialect. She had ended by saying "Respectable people don't speak dialect."
    • 1967, Roger W. Shuy, Discovering American Dialects, National Council of Teachers of English, page 1:
      Many even deny it and say something like this: "No, we don't speak a dialect around here.
  3. A language (often a regional or minority language) as part of a group or family of languages, especially if they are viewed as a single language, or if contrasted with a standardized variety that is considered the 'true' form of the language (for example, Cantonese as contrasted with Mandarin Chinese, or Bavarian as contrasted with German).
    • 1995, Michael Clyne & ‎Michael G. Clyne, The German Language in a Changing Europe, →ISBN, page 117:
      The question could be put: 'Is there anything inherent in a dialect which gives it a negative stigma or is it that the status of the majority of the speakers is transferred to the dialect?' — something that occurs in many regions in different countries.
    • 2010, Mirjam Fried, ‎Jan-Ola Östman, & ‎Jef Verschueren, Variation and Change: Pragmatic perspectives, →ISBN, page 61:
      Bloomfield, for example, noted that “local dialects are spoken by the peasants and the poorest people of the towns” (1933: 50) though he also thought that the lower middle class spoke 'sub-standard' speech.
    • 2014, Elizabeth Mary Wright, Rustic Speech and Folk-Lore:
      Among common errors still persisting in the minds of educated people, one error which dies very hard is the theory that a dialect is an arbitrary distortion of the mother tongue, a wilful mispronunciation of the sounds, and disregard of the syntax of a standard language.
    Synonym: patois (often derogatory)
  4. (computing, programming) A variant of a non-standardized programming language.
    Home computers in the 1980s had many incompatible dialects of BASIC.
  5. (ornithology) A variant form of the vocalizations of a bird species restricted to a certain area or population.

Usage notesEdit

  • The difference between a language and a dialect is not always clear, and often has more to do with political boundaries than with linguistic differences. It is generally considered that people who speak different dialects of the same language can understand each other, while people who speak different languages cannot, however, in some cases, people who speak different dialects of the same language are mutually unintelligible. Compare species in the biological sense.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • "dialect" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 105.

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French dialecte, from Latin dialectos, dialectus, from Ancient Greek διάλεκτος (diálektos, conversation, the language of a country or a place or a nation, the local idiom which derives from a dominant language), from διαλέγομαι (dialégomai, I participate in a dialogue), from διά (diá, inter, through) + λέγω (légō, I speak).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌdijaːˈlɛkt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: di‧a‧lect
  • Rhymes: -ɛkt

NounEdit

dialect n (plural dialecten, diminutive dialectje n)

  1. dialect
    Synonyms: streektaal, mondaard
  2. A dialect of a language perceived as substandard or wrong.

AnagramsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French dialecte.

NounEdit

dialect n (plural dialecte)

  1. (linguistics) language socially subordinate to a regional or national standard language, often historically cognate to the standard, but not a variety of it or in any other sense derived from it
  2. (colloquial) dialect

See alsoEdit