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ChineseEdit

 
square; quadrilateral; place; region; direction; side; method; way; prescription; power; upright; just
 
to speak; to say; talk; word
simp. and trad.
(方言)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
方言 (Written Standard Chinese?)
方言 (Cantonese)
方言 (Wu)
方言 (Min Dong)
Huŏng-ngiòng (Min Dong)
Hong-giân (Min Nan)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (1) (31)
Final () (106) (65)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʉɐŋ/ /ŋɨɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷiɐŋ/ /ŋiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuɑŋ/ /ŋiɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puaŋ/ /ŋɨan/
Li
Rong
/piuaŋ/ /ŋiɐn/
Wang
Li
/pĭwaŋ/ /ŋĭɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piwaŋ/ /ŋɨ̯ɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fāng yán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fāng yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjang › ‹ ngjon ›
Old
Chinese
/*C-paŋ/ /*ŋa[n]/
English square speak; speech

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 3023 14271
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*paŋ/ /*ŋan/
Notes

NounEdit

方言

  1. (linguistics) dialect; topolect; regional variety (of a language, especially Chinese)
    天津方言  ―  Tiānjīn fāngyán  ―  Tianjin dialect
    廣州方言 / 广州方言  ―  Guǎngzhōu fāngyán  ―  Guangzhou Cantonese
  2. non-Standard Mandarin variety of Chinese (such as dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, Min Nan, etc.)
    方言學校普通話 [MSC, trad.]
    方言学校普通话 [MSC, simp.]
    Zài jiā shuō fāngyán, zài xuéxiào shuō pǔtōnghuà. [Pinyin]
    (He) speaks the local dialect at home and Standard Mandarin at school.
  3. (religion) tongues
    方言恩賜 / 方言恩赐  ―  fāngyán de ēncì  ―  the gift of tongues

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

方言

  1. Fangyan (the first Chinese dictionary of dialectal terms, written by Han dynasty scholar Yang Xiong)

VerbEdit

方言

  1. (literary) to open one's mouth to speak after a period of silence

DescendantsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ほう
Grade: 2
げん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

NounEdit

方言 (hiragana ほうげん, rōmaji hōgen)

  1. a dialect; a provincialism

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

方言 (bang-eon) (hangeul 방언)

  1. Hanja form? of 방언, “dialect, patois”.