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ChineseEdit

 
square; quadrilateral; place; region; direction; side; method; way; prescription; power; upright; just
 
to speak; to say; talk; word
simp. and trad.
(方言)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
方言 (Written Standard Chinese?)
方言 (Cantonese)
方言 (Wu)
方言 (Min Dong)
Huŏng-ngiòng (Min Dong)
Hong-giân (Min Nan)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (1) (31)
Final () (106) (65)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʉɐŋ/ /ŋɨɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷiɐŋ/ /ŋiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuɑŋ/ /ŋiɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puaŋ/ /ŋɨan/
Li
Rong
/piuaŋ/ /ŋiɐn/
Wang
Li
/pĭwaŋ/ /ŋĭɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piwaŋ/ /ŋɨ̯ɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fāng yán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fāng yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjang › ‹ ngjon ›
Old
Chinese
/*C-paŋ/ /*ŋa[n]/
English square speak; speech

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 3023 14271
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*paŋ/ /*ŋan/
Notes

NounEdit

方言

  1. (linguistics) dialect; topolect; regional variety (of a language, especially Chinese)
    天津方言  ―  Tiānjīn fāngyán  ―  Tianjin dialect
    廣州方言 / 广州方言  ―  Guǎngzhōu fāngyán  ―  Guangzhou Cantonese
  2. non-Standard Mandarin variety of Chinese (such as dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, Min Nan, etc.)
    方言學校普通話 [MSC, trad.]
    方言学校普通话 [MSC, simp.]
    Zài jiā shuō fāngyán, zài xuéxiào shuō pǔtōnghuà. [Pinyin]
    (He) speaks the local dialect at home and Standard Mandarin at school.
  3. (religion) tongues
    方言恩賜 / 方言恩赐  ―  fāngyán de ēncì  ―  the gift of tongues
    方言 / 方言  ―  shuō fāngyán  ―  to speak in tongues

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (方言):

Others:

Proper nounEdit

方言

  1. Fangyan (the first Chinese dictionary of dialectal terms, written by Han dynasty scholar Yang Xiong)

VerbEdit

方言

  1. (literary) to open one's mouth to speak after a period of silence

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ほう
Grade: 2
げん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

NounEdit

方言 (hiragana ほうげん, rōmaji hōgen)

  1. a dialect; a provincialism

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

方言 (bang-eon) (hangeul 방언)

  1. Hanja form? of 방언, “dialect, patois”.