See also: Kova and kovą

Contents

FinnishEdit

(index k/o)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kova.

AdjectiveEdit

kova ‎(comparative kovempi, superlative kovin)

  1. hard (of an object, resistant to pressure)
  2. hard, strict, harsh, severe, unfriendly, brutal (of behavior or character)
  3. tough, hard (demanding a lot of effort to endure)
  4. hard, heavy, severe, loud; very (having a high impact or influence)
    Älä soita niin kovaa!
    Don't play so loud!
    Radio on liian kovalla.
    The radio is too loud.
    Minulla on kova jano.
    I'm very thirsty.
  5. live (of ammunition)
    Tappaja väitti, että hän ei tiennyt aseen olevan ladattu kovilla panoksilla.
    The killer claimed that he didn't know that the weapon had been loaded with live rounds.
  6. high, ambitious, remarkable
    Heillä on kovat suunnitelmat - ensin valloitetaan Pohjoismaiden markkinat, sitten koko maailma.
    They have ambitious plans - first they will conquer the Nordic market, then the whole world.
    Pidän ilmapiiristä, mutta heidän hintansa ovat aika kovat.
    I like the atmosphere, but their prices are quite high.
  7. eager, devoted
    Hän on kova kalamies.
    He's an eager fisherman.
    Hän on kova Kärppä-fani.
    He's a devoted fan of the Kärpät.
  8. tough (rowdy or rough)
    Hän on kova kaveri.
    He is a tough guy.
  9. hard, hardworking
    Hän on kova työmies.
    He's a hard worker.
  10. excellent, great, well-known
    Alle kaksi tuntia on kova aika maratonilla.
    Less than two hours is an excellent time on a marathon.
    Niin, mutta olenkin kovassa kunnossa. Olen kova nimi urheilupiireissä.
    Yes, but I'm in a great shape. I'm a well-known name in the sports circles.
  11. (physics, ferromagnetism) hard (of material: having the capability of being a permanent magnet)
  12. (finance) unregulated, market-rate, unsubsidized, hard; special uses, see usexes:
    ~ valuutta : hard currency (globally traded currency that is expected to serve as a reliable and stable store of value)
    ~ raha : unsubsidized financing; especially as opposite to aravalaina ‎(type of subsidized loan for social housing)
  13. (of light) hard (intensive and creating disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in colour or shading)
  14. (of water) hard (high on dissolved calcium and other minerals)
  15. (phonetics) hard, unvoiced (pronounced without using the vocal cords)
  16. (vulgar) hard (of a man, sexually aroused)
  17. (pornography) hard, hardcore

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of kova (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative kova kovat
genitive kovan kovien
partitive kovaa kovia
illative kovaan koviin
singular plural
nominative kova kovat
accusative nom. kova kovat
gen. kovan
genitive kovan kovien
kovainrare
partitive kovaa kovia
inessive kovassa kovissa
elative kovasta kovista
illative kovaan koviin
adessive kovalla kovilla
ablative kovalta kovilta
allative kovalle koville
essive kovana kovina
translative kovaksi koviksi
instructive kovin
abessive kovatta kovitta
comitative kovine

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkovɒ]
  • Hyphenation: ko‧va

NounEdit

kova ‎(plural kovák)

  1. flint

DeclensionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


KilivilaEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kova

  1. fire

ReferencesEdit


LithuanianEdit

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lt

EtymologyEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (ko) IPA(key): [koːˈvɐ]
  • (va) IPA(key): [ˈkǒːvɐ]

NounEdit

kovà f ‎(plural kõvos) stress pattern 4 [2]

  1. fight, struggle

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brückner, Aleksander (1927), “kuć”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna, published 1985, page 279
  2. ^ “kova” in Juozas Balčikonis [et al.] (1954), Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas. Vilnius: Valstybinė politinės ir mokslinės literatūros leidykla.
  • “kova” in Victoria Martsinkyavitshute (2012), Hippocrene Concise Dictionary: Lithuanian-English/English-Lithuanian, Seventh printing. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 978-0-7818-0151-5

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɔvɑ]
  • Hyphenation: ko‧va

NounEdit

kova ‎(definite accusative kovayı, plural kovalar)

  1. bucket

DeclensionEdit


VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kova.

AdjectiveEdit

kova

  1. hard (not soft)
  2. solid
  3. stiff, rigid
  4. strong
  5. strict, stern
  6. harsh, severe

InflectionEdit

Inflection of kova
nominative sing. kova
genitive sing. kovan
partitive sing. kovad
partitive plur. kovid
singular plural
nominative kova kovad
accusative kovan kovad
genitive kovan koviden
partitive kovad kovid
essive-instructive kovan kovin
translative kovaks kovikš
inessive kovas koviš
elative kovaspäi kovišpäi
illative  ? kovihe
adessive koval kovil
ablative kovalpäi kovilpäi
allative kovale kovile
abessive kovata kovita
comitative kovanke kovidenke
prolative kovadme kovidme
approximative I kovanno kovidenno
approximative II kovannoks kovidennoks
egressive kovannopäi kovidennopäi
terminative I  ? kovihesai
terminative II kovalesai kovilesai
terminative III kovassai
additive I  ? kovihepäi
additive II kovalepäi kovilepäi

ReferencesEdit

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