See also: Kiesen

German

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Etymology

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From Middle High German kiesen, from Old High German kiosan, from Proto-West Germanic *keusan, from Proto-Germanic *keusaną (to choose).

Cognate with Low German kesen, Dutch kiezen, English choose, Danish kyse, Icelandic kjósa, Gothic 𐌺𐌹𐌿𐍃𐌰𐌽 (kiusan).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈkiːzən/
  • Audio:(file)

Verb

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kiesen (class 2 strong, third-person singular present (obsolete) kiest, past tense (archaic) kor, past participle (archaic) gekoren, past subjunctive (archaic) köre, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive, archaic, partly obsolete) to choose; to select

Usage notes

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  • The verb is defective in contemporary German. The present forms (stem kies-) are obsolete and unintelligible to the average native speaker. The past forms (stem kor-) are archaic, but likely to be understood.

Conjugation

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • kiesen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • kiesen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon

Middle Dutch

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Etymology

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From Old Dutch *kiesan.

Verb

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kiesen

  1. to test, to inspect, to assess
  2. to choose, to select

Inflection

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Strong class 2
Infinitive kiesen
3rd sg. past côos
3rd pl. past cōren
Past participle gecōren
Infinitive kiesen
In genitive kiesens
In dative kiesene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular kiese côos
2nd singular kies, kieses cōors, cōres
3rd singular kiest, kieset côos
1st plural kiesen cōren
2nd plural kiest, kieset cōort, cōret
3rd plural kiesen cōren
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular kiese cōre
2nd singular kies, kieses cōres
3rd singular kiese cōre
1st plural kiesen cōren
2nd plural kiest, kieset cōret
3rd plural kiesen cōren
Imperative Present
Singular kies, kiese
Plural kiest, kieset
Present Past
Participle kiesende gecōren

Descendants

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  • Dutch: kiezen
  • Limburgish: keze

Further reading

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Middle High German

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old High German kiosan.

Verb

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kiesen (class 2 strong, third-person singular present kiuset, past tense kôs, past participle gekorn, past subjunctive kür, auxiliary hân)

  1. to choose

Conjugation

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Descendants

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References

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  • Benecke, Georg Friedrich, Müller, Wilhelm, Zarncke, Friedrich (1863) “kiesen”, in Mittelhochdeutsches Wörterbuch: mit Benutzung des Nachlasses von Benecke[1], Stuttgart: S. Hirzel