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See also: Loks, löks, and łokś

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LatvianEdit

 loks on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Tilta loki (2)
 
Loks (4)
 
Loks (1)
 
Loks (3)

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as the Latvian verb liekt (to bend, to flex) (q.v.), but with the vowel changed as in the iterative locīt (to fold). Cognates include Lithuanian lañkas (shaft bow, (barrel) hoop, (road) bend, (shooting) bow, circle).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

loks m (1st declension)

  1. (geometry) arc (continuous part of a circle or curve)
    aprēķināt loka garumuto calculate the arc length
    uzvilkt loku ar cirkulito draw an arc with a pair of compasses
  2. arch, rim, cycle, circle (object, structure, configuration, etc. with the shape of part or the whole of a circle)
    tilta lokibridge arches
    pilsētas kanāla loka tiltsthe city canal's arched bridge
    riteņa lokswheel rim
    varavīksnes loksrainbow arch
    asinsrites loksblood circulation cycle (pulmonary, systemic)
    polārais loks (also: riņķis) ― polar circle (66°33′ N and S)
    elektriskais loksvoltaic (lit. electric) arch
    Pēteri sajūsmināja celtņu straujās un mierīgās līnijas, arku loki, Rīgas baroka un gotikas pārsteigumiPeter was fascinated by the buildings' rapid and peaceful lines, by the arches, by Rīga's barroque and gothic surprises
    zem acīm pēdējās nedēļās rūpes un nemiers bija iekrāsojuši tumšus lokusunder (his) eyes the worries and anxiety of the last weeks had drawn a dark arch, circle
    kalni, kuriem viņi tuvojās, veidoja milzīgu apaļu, noslēgtu lokuthe mountains which they approached formed a huge closed circular arch
    visi sakustas, iet, stājas lokā, atskan dziesmaall (students) move, go, form and stay in an arch, (and) a song is heard
    vesela labi abruņota vācu armija ciešā lokā apņēma partizānu novaduthe whole well-armed German army surrounded the partisan region in a tight arch
  3. (archery) bolt (hand weapon for throwing arrows)
    uzvilkt lokuto pull (one's) bow
    loka šaušanaarchery (lit. bow shooting)
    loka šāvējsarcher (lit. bow shooter)
    loks senlatviešiem, šķiet, bijis vairāk medību ierocis un kā patstāvīgs cīņas ierocis mazāk lietotsthe bow of the ancient Latvians, it seems, was more used as a hunting weapon and less as a stand-alone fighting weapon
  4. shaft bow (part of the traditional horse harness used in the Baltic countries, consisting of a wooden bow that arches over the horse's back, keeping the shafts away from the horse's sides)
    zirga loksshaft bow (lit. horse's arch, bow)
    aiz kalna tikai braucēji līdz pusei un zirga galva ar kaklu un loku vēl bija redzamafrom behind the hill, only half of the riders(' bodies) and the horse's head with the neck and the shaft bow was still visible
  5. arch (a path, movement, or direction similar to part or the whole of a circle)
    cīrulis slaidā lokā nolidoja zālēthe lark flew in a sharp arch in(to) the hall
    tramvaja loka līnijathe tram's curved, arched, cicular line
  6. (of people) circle (a specific group of people)
    speciālistu loksspecialist circle
    ģimenes loksfamily circle
    tuvinieku un radu lokā viņu apbrīnojain the circle of family and relatives he was admired
  7. (of processes, phenomena) range, domain, circle
    interešu loksrange, domain, circle of interests
    tēmu un problēmu loks rakstnieka darbosthe range of themes and problems in the works of a writer

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

loks (definite lokais, comparative lokāks, superlative vislokākais, adverb loki)

  1. (dialectal) flexible; alternative form of lokans

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “loks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

loks

  1. indefinite genitive singular of lok
  2. indefinite genitive plural of lok

VolapükEdit

NounEdit

loks

  1. plural of lok