From Middle English plungen, ploungen, Anglo-Norman plungier, from Old French plongier, (Modern French plonger), from unattested Late Latin frequentative to throw a leaded line, from Latin plumbum (“lead”). Compare plumb, plounce.
plunge (plural plunges)
- the act of plunging or submerging
- a dive, leap, rush, or pitch into (into water)
- to take the water with a plunge
- A plunge into the sea
- (dated) A swimming pool
- (figuratively) the act of pitching or throwing oneself headlong or violently forward, like an unruly horse
- (slang) heavy and reckless betting in horse racing; hazardous speculation
- (obsolete) an immersion in difficulty, embarrassment, or distress; the condition of being surrounded or overwhelmed; a strait; difficulty
- (transitive) To thrust into water, or into any substance that is penetrable; to immerse.
- to plunge the body into water
- (figuratively, transitive) To cast or throw into some thing, state, condition or action.
- to plunge a dagger into the breast; to plunge a nation into war
- (transitive, obsolete) To baptize by immersion.
- (intransitive) To dive, leap or rush (into water or some liquid); to submerge oneself.
- he plunged into the river
- (figuratively, intransitive) To fall or rush headlong into some thing, action, state or condition.
- to plunge into debt; to plunge into controversy
- 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
- The day was cool and snappy for August, and the Rise all green with a lavish nature. Now we plunged into a deep shade with the boughs lacing each other overhead, and crossed dainty, rustic bridges over the cold trout-streams, the boards giving back the clatter of our horses' feet: […] .
- 1989, David Gale, The Theory of Linear Economic Models:
- Before asking the reader to plunge into the subject of linear models I shall, in accordance with a sensible custom, attempt in the few pages which follow to give some idea of what this subject is.
- (intransitive) To pitch or throw oneself headlong or violently forward, as a horse does.
- (intransitive, slang) To bet heavily and with seeming recklessness on a race, or other contest; in an extended sense, to risk large sums in hazardous speculations.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To entangle or embarrass (mostly used in past participle).
- (intransitive, obsolete) To overwhelm, overpower.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- plunge in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
- “plunge”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, launched 2000.