ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin nōscum, from Latin nōbiscum (with us).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

nosco (poetic, archaic)

  1. with us
    • 1321, Dante Alighieri, La divina commedia: Purgatorio [The Divine Comedy: Purgatory] (paperback), Bompiani, published 2001, Canto XXII, lines 106–108, page 340:
      Euripide v'è nosco e Antifonte, ¶ Simonide, Agatone e altri piùe ¶ Greci che già di lauro ornar la fronte.
      Euripides is with us, Antiphon, ¶ Simonides, Agatho, and many other ¶ Greeks who of old their brows with laurel decked.
    • 1825, Vincenzo Monti, transl., “Libro IV [Book 4]”, in Iliade [Iliad]‎[1], Milan: Giovanni Resnati e Gius. Bernardoni di Gio, translation of Ἰλιάς (Iliás) by Homer, published 1840, page 85:
      [] chi primiero ¶ L'accordo vïolò, pasto vedrassi ¶ Di voraci avoltoi, mentre captive ¶ Le dilette lor mogli in un co' figli ¶ Noi nosco condurremo, Ilio distrutto.
      those who first broke the agreeement will be meal for hungry vultures, while we take with us their beloved wives and children, after destroying Troy.
  2. (by extension) among us
  3. (by extension) towards or against us
  4. (by extension) in our time

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • nosco in Dizionario Italiano Olivetti, Olivetti Media Communication

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier gnōscō, from Proto-Italic *gnōskō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵn̥h₃sḱéti.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

nōscō (present infinitive nōscere, perfect active nōvī, supine nōtum); third conjugation

  1. to become acquainted with something, learn about it
    Synonyms: intellegō, cognosco, cerno, tongeo, prehendō
    • c. 45 BCE, Cicero, Tusculan Disputations 1.52:
      Cum igitur "nosce te" dicit, hoc dicit: "nosce animum tuum". Nam corpus quidem quasi vas est aut aliquod animi receptaculum.
      Therefore when he [the Pythian Apollo] says, "Know thyself", this is what it means: "Know your mind". The body is of course like a vase, or some other container for the mind.
  2. (in perfect tenses and past participle) I know, recognize, am acquainted with, i.e.; in possession of knowledge.
    Synonyms: agnōscō, cognōscō, inveniō, sentiō, cōnsciō, sapiō, sciō, scīscō, intellegō, percipiō, discernō, tongeō, cernō, audiō
    Antonyms: ignōrō, nesciō
    • 2 CE, Ovid, Ars Amatoria 1.1-2:
      Sī quis in hōc artem populō nōn nōvit amandī, / hoc legat et lēctō carmine doctus amet.
      If anyone does not know the art of loving, may they read this, and having both read the poem and been taught, love.
    • Hīc Nātus Ubīque Nōtus
      Born Here, Known Everywhere (motto of the Allende Institute in reference to Ignacio de Allende)
  3. (rare) to recognize someone, be familiar with
    Synonyms: recognōscō, cognōscō, agnōscō
  4. (euphemistic) to have had sex with, have ever slept with
    Synonym: cognōscō
    • c. 84 BCE – 54 BCE, Catullus, 72 :
      Dīcēbās quondam sōlum tē nōsse Catullum, / Lesbia, nec prae mē velle tenēre Iovem.
      You used to say, some time ago, that you only ever slept with [me] Catullus, Lesbia, and that you didn't want to hold [even] Jupiter more than me.
  5. to accept a reason or excuse
    Synonyms: accipiō, cōnservō
  6. (Late Latin, Christian Latin) to acknowledge God, submit to
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Acta Apostolorum 19:15:
      Respondens autem spiritus nequam dixit eis, Iesum novi et Paulum scio, vos autem qui estis?
      A wicked spirit replied to them, "I acknowledge Jesus, and I know Paul, but who are all of you?

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of nōscō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present nōscō nōscis nōscit nōscimus nōscitis nōscunt
imperfect nōscēbam nōscēbās nōscēbat nōscēbāmus nōscēbātis nōscēbant
future nōscam nōscēs nōscet nōscēmus nōscētis nōscent
perfect nōvī nōvistī,
nōstī1
nōvit nōvimus,
nōmus1
nōvistis,
nōstis1
nōvērunt,
nōvēre,
nōrunt1
pluperfect nōveram,
nōram1
nōverās,
nōrās1
nōverat,
nōrat1
nōverāmus,
nōrāmus1
nōverātis,
nōrātis1
nōverant,
nōrant1
future perfect nōverō,
nōrō1
nōveris,
nōris1
nōverit,
nōrit1
nōverimus,
nōrimus1
nōveritis,
nōritis1
nōverint,
nōrint1
passive present nōscor nōsceris,
nōscere
nōscitur nōscimur nōsciminī nōscuntur
imperfect nōscēbar nōscēbāris,
nōscēbāre
nōscēbātur nōscēbāmur nōscēbāminī nōscēbantur
future nōscar nōscēris,
nōscēre
nōscētur nōscēmur nōscēminī nōscentur
perfect nōtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect nōtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect nōtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present nōscam nōscās nōscat nōscāmus nōscātis nōscant
imperfect nōscerem nōscerēs nōsceret nōscerēmus nōscerētis nōscerent
perfect nōverim,
nōrim1
nōverīs,
nōrīs1
nōverit,
nōrit1
nōverīmus,
nōrīmus1
nōverītis,
nōrītis1
nōverint,
nōrint1
pluperfect nōvissem,
nōssem1
nōvissēs,
nōssēs1
nōvisset,
nōsset1
nōvissēmus,
nōssēmus1
nōvissētis,
nōssētis1
nōvissent,
nōssent1
passive present nōscar nōscāris,
nōscāre
nōscātur nōscāmur nōscāminī nōscantur
imperfect nōscerer nōscerēris,
nōscerēre
nōscerētur nōscerēmur nōscerēminī nōscerentur
perfect nōtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect nōtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present nōsce nōscite
future nōscitō nōscitō nōscitōte nōscuntō
passive present nōscere nōsciminī
future nōscitor nōscitor nōscuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives nōscere nōvisse,
nōsse1
nōtūrum esse nōscī nōtum esse nōtum īrī
participles nōscēns nōtūrus nōtus nōscendus,
nōscundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
nōscendī nōscendō nōscendum nōscendō nōtum nōtū

1The verb "nōscō" and its compounds frequently drop the syllables "vi" and "ve" from their perfect, pluperfect and future perfect conjugations.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • nosco”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • nosco”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nosco in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be acquainted with the history of one's own land: domestica (externa) nosse