See also: quặm and QAM

Contents

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷeh₂m, accusative of *kʷeh₂, feminine of *kʷos, *kʷis. Confer with its masculine form Latin cum, as in num-nam, tum-tam.

Alternative formsEdit

AdverbEdit

quam (not comparable)

  1. how, to what degree
  2. How much (in questions)
  3. Than, as (in comparisons)
    • 4th century, St Jerome, Vulgate, Tobit 2:9
      sed Tobias plus timens Deum quam regem rapiebat corpora occisorum et occultabat in domo sua et mediis noctibus sepeliebat ea (But Tobias fearing God more than the king, carried off the bodies of them that were slain, and hid them in his house, and at midnight buried them.)
  4. (emphatic) how
  5. (used before superlative) as ... as possible
    Ea vēnit quam celerrime.
    She came here as quickly as possible.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

quam

  1. how
  2. (used after magis) (more ... ) than
    Prudēns magis quam loquāx
    More prudent than talkative
  3. (used after comparative) than
    Is vīdit paucōs servitōs fidēliōres quam eum.
    He has seen few servants more loyal than this slave.

ReferencesEdit

  • quam in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • quam in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • QUAM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • quam on pages 1,290–1,291 of Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) I cannot wait till..: nihil mihi longius est or videtur quam dum or quam ut
    • (ambiguous) nothing is more tiresome to me than..: nihil mihi longius est quam (c. Inf.)
    • (ambiguous) it is more than twenty years ago: amplius sunt (quam) viginti anni or viginti annis
    • (ambiguous) Plato's ideal republic: illa civitas, quam Plato finxit
    • (ambiguous) this is more plausible than true: haec speciosiora quam veriora sunt
    • (ambiguous) I have exhausted all my material: copiam quam potui persecutus sum
    • (ambiguous) there is nothing I am more interested in than..: nihil antiquius or prius habeo quam ut (nihil mihi antiquius or potius est, quam ut)
    • (ambiguous) by the longest possible forced marches: quam maximis itineribus (potest)
  • quam” in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 22.04.04) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • quam” on pages 1,537–1,538 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)

Etymology 2Edit

See quī ‎(relative pronoun and interrogative adjective).

PronounEdit

quam

  1. accusative singular feminine of quī

AdjectiveEdit

quam

  1. accusative singular feminine of quī

Etymology 3Edit

See quis ‎(pronoun).

PronounEdit

quam

  1. accusative singular feminine of quis
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