Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Probably from rappa, a Southern Italian dialect form of grappa (bunch of grapes).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rapa f (plural rapes)

  1. a bunchstem with the grapes removed
  2. the inflorescence of an olive tree
  3. leather of inferior quality
  4. a name given to various Arum species

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Faroese edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse hrapa, from Proto-Germanic *hrapaną, *hrappa- (fast), from Proto-Indo-European *krb(ʰ)- (quickly).[1]

Verb edit

rapa (third person singular past indicative rapaði, third person plural past indicative rapaðu, supine rapað)

  1. (intransitive) to fall

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of rapa (group v-30)
infinitive rapa
supine rapað
participle (a6)1 rapandi rapaður
present past
first singular rapi rapaði
second singular rapar rapaði
third singular rapar rapaði
plural rapa rapaðu
imperative
singular rapa!
plural rapið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

References edit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) “hrappa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 243

Finnish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑpɑ/, [ˈrɑ̝pɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑpɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ra‧pa

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Finnic *rapa (crumbly stone, crumbly substance). Cognates include Estonian raba, Karelian rapa, Livonian ra­bā and Votic rapa.

Noun edit

rapa

  1. dirt, mud
Declension edit
Inflection of rapa (Kotus type 9*E/kala, p-v gradation)
nominative rapa ravat
genitive ravan rapojen
partitive rapaa rapoja
illative rapaan rapoihin
singular plural
nominative rapa ravat
accusative nom. rapa ravat
gen. ravan
genitive ravan rapojen
rapainrare
partitive rapaa rapoja
inessive ravassa ravoissa
elative ravasta ravoista
illative rapaan rapoihin
adessive ravalla ravoilla
ablative ravalta ravoilta
allative ravalle ravoille
essive rapana rapoina
translative ravaksi ravoiksi
abessive ravatta ravoitta
instructive ravoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of rapa (Kotus type 9*E/kala, p-v gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rapani rapani
accusative nom. rapani rapani
gen. rapani
genitive rapani rapojeni
rapainirare
partitive rapaani rapojani
inessive ravassani ravoissani
elative ravastani ravoistani
illative rapaani rapoihini
adessive ravallani ravoillani
ablative ravaltani ravoiltani
allative ravalleni ravoilleni
essive rapanani rapoinani
translative ravakseni ravoikseni
abessive ravattani ravoittani
instructive
comitative rapoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rapasi rapasi
accusative nom. rapasi rapasi
gen. rapasi
genitive rapasi rapojesi
rapaisirare
partitive rapaasi rapojasi
inessive ravassasi ravoissasi
elative ravastasi ravoistasi
illative rapaasi rapoihisi
adessive ravallasi ravoillasi
ablative ravaltasi ravoiltasi
allative ravallesi ravoillesi
essive rapanasi rapoinasi
translative ravaksesi ravoiksesi
abessive ravattasi ravoittasi
instructive
comitative rapoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rapamme rapamme
accusative nom. rapamme rapamme
gen. rapamme
genitive rapamme rapojemme
rapaimmerare
partitive rapaamme rapojamme
inessive ravassamme ravoissamme
elative ravastamme ravoistamme
illative rapaamme rapoihimme
adessive ravallamme ravoillamme
ablative ravaltamme ravoiltamme
allative ravallemme ravoillemme
essive rapanamme rapoinamme
translative ravaksemme ravoiksemme
abessive ravattamme ravoittamme
instructive
comitative rapoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rapanne rapanne
accusative nom. rapanne rapanne
gen. rapanne
genitive rapanne rapojenne
rapainnerare
partitive rapaanne rapojanne
inessive ravassanne ravoissanne
elative ravastanne ravoistanne
illative rapaanne rapoihinne
adessive ravallanne ravoillanne
ablative ravaltanne ravoiltanne
allative ravallenne ravoillenne
essive rapananne rapoinanne
translative ravaksenne ravoiksenne
abessive ravattanne ravoittanne
instructive
comitative rapoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative rapansa rapansa
accusative nom. rapansa rapansa
gen. rapansa
genitive rapansa rapojensa
rapainsarare
partitive rapaansa rapojaan
rapojansa
inessive ravassaan
ravassansa
ravoissaan
ravoissansa
elative ravastaan
ravastansa
ravoistaan
ravoistansa
illative rapaansa rapoihinsa
adessive ravallaan
ravallansa
ravoillaan
ravoillansa
ablative ravaltaan
ravaltansa
ravoiltaan
ravoiltansa
allative ravalleen
ravallensa
ravoilleen
ravoillensa
essive rapanaan
rapanansa
rapoinaan
rapoinansa
translative ravakseen
ravaksensa
ravoikseen
ravoiksensa
abessive ravattaan
ravattansa
ravoittaan
ravoittansa
instructive
comitative rapoineen
rapoinensa
Derived terms edit
compounds

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Finnic *rapa (dregs), borrowed from Proto-Germanic *drabaz. Cognates include Estonian raba, Karelian rapa, Livonian rabād, Veps raba and Votic rapa.

Noun edit

rapa

  1. dregs, draff (settled sediment of alcoholic fermented drinks, such as beer)
    Synonyms: mäski, sakka
Declension edit
Inflection of rapa (Kotus type 9*E/kala, p-v gradation)
nominative rapa ravat
genitive ravan rapojen
partitive rapaa rapoja
illative rapaan rapoihin
singular plural
nominative rapa ravat
accusative nom. rapa ravat
gen. ravan
genitive ravan rapojen
rapainrare
partitive rapaa rapoja
inessive ravassa ravoissa
elative ravasta ravoista
illative rapaan rapoihin
adessive ravalla ravoilla
ablative ravalta ravoilta
allative ravalle ravoille
essive rapana rapoina
translative ravaksi ravoiksi
abessive ravatta ravoitta
instructive ravoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of rapa (Kotus type 9*E/kala, p-v gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rapani rapani
accusative nom. rapani rapani
gen. rapani
genitive rapani rapojeni
rapainirare
partitive rapaani rapojani
inessive ravassani ravoissani
elative ravastani ravoistani
illative rapaani rapoihini
adessive ravallani ravoillani
ablative ravaltani ravoiltani
allative ravalleni ravoilleni
essive rapanani rapoinani
translative ravakseni ravoikseni
abessive ravattani ravoittani
instructive
comitative rapoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rapasi rapasi
accusative nom. rapasi rapasi
gen. rapasi
genitive rapasi rapojesi
rapaisirare
partitive rapaasi rapojasi
inessive ravassasi ravoissasi
elative ravastasi ravoistasi
illative rapaasi rapoihisi
adessive ravallasi ravoillasi
ablative ravaltasi ravoiltasi
allative ravallesi ravoillesi
essive rapanasi rapoinasi
translative ravaksesi ravoiksesi
abessive ravattasi ravoittasi
instructive
comitative rapoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rapamme rapamme
accusative nom. rapamme rapamme
gen. rapamme
genitive rapamme rapojemme
rapaimmerare
partitive rapaamme rapojamme
inessive ravassamme ravoissamme
elative ravastamme ravoistamme
illative rapaamme rapoihimme
adessive ravallamme ravoillamme
ablative ravaltamme ravoiltamme
allative ravallemme ravoillemme
essive rapanamme rapoinamme
translative ravaksemme ravoiksemme
abessive ravattamme ravoittamme
instructive
comitative rapoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rapanne rapanne
accusative nom. rapanne rapanne
gen. rapanne
genitive rapanne rapojenne
rapainnerare
partitive rapaanne rapojanne
inessive ravassanne ravoissanne
elative ravastanne ravoistanne
illative rapaanne rapoihinne
adessive ravallanne ravoillanne
ablative ravaltanne ravoiltanne
allative ravallenne ravoillenne
essive rapananne rapoinanne
translative ravaksenne ravoiksenne
abessive ravattanne ravoittanne
instructive
comitative rapoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative rapansa rapansa
accusative nom. rapansa rapansa
gen. rapansa
genitive rapansa rapojensa
rapainsarare
partitive rapaansa rapojaan
rapojansa
inessive ravassaan
ravassansa
ravoissaan
ravoissansa
elative ravastaan
ravastansa
ravoistaan
ravoistansa
illative rapaansa rapoihinsa
adessive ravallaan
ravallansa
ravoillaan
ravoillansa
ablative ravaltaan
ravaltansa
ravoiltaan
ravoiltansa
allative ravalleen
ravallensa
ravoilleen
ravoillensa
essive rapanaan
rapanansa
rapoinaan
rapoinansa
translative ravakseen
ravaksensa
ravoikseen
ravoiksensa
abessive ravattaan
ravattansa
ravoittaan
ravoittansa
instructive
comitative rapoineen
rapoinensa
Derived terms edit
compounds

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Galician edit

Etymology 1 edit

Back-formation from rapar.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rapa f (plural rapas)

  1. strickle, levelling rod
    Synonym: rebola
    Da rapa á rebola veña o Demo e escolla (proverb)
    small choice in rotten apples
    (literally, “In between the strickle and the screed, let the demon choose”)
  2. shear (the act of shearing)
  3. spatula, scraper
    Synonym: espátula
  4. tool for detaching mussels and barnacles from the rocks
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

rapa

  1. inflection of rapar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Ingrian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *rapa. Cognates include Finnish rapa and Estonian raba.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rapa

  1. dregs (settled sediment of beer or similar alcoholic beverages)

Declension edit

Declension of rapa (type 3/kana, p-v gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative rapa ravat
genitive ravan rappoin
partitive rappaa rapoja
illative rappaa rappoi
inessive ravas ravois
elative ravast ravoist
allative ravalle ravoille
adessive raval ravoil
ablative ravalt ravoilt
translative ravaks ravoiks
essive rapanna, rappaan rapoinna, rappoin
exessive1) rapant rapoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References edit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 460

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈra.pa/
  • Rhymes: -apa
  • Hyphenation: rà‧pa

Etymology 1 edit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

From Latin rāpa, neuter plural of rāpum, reinterpreted as a feminine singular. Compare French rave, Venetian rava.

Noun edit

rapa f (plural rape)

  1. turnip
    Carote e rape sono radici commestibili.
    Carrots and turnips are edible roots.
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

rapa

  1. inflection of rapare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Noun edit

rāpa f (genitive rāpae); first declension

  1. Alternative form of rāpum

Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rāpa rāpae
Genitive rāpae rāpārum
Dative rāpae rāpīs
Accusative rāpam rāpās
Ablative rāpā rāpīs
Vocative rāpa rāpae

Noun edit

rāpa

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of rāpum

References edit

  • rapa”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rapa in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • rapa in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

rapa

  1. inflection of rape:
    1. simple past
    2. past participle

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
rapa

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈra.pa/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -apa
  • Syllabification: ra‧pa
  • Homophone: Rapa

Etymology 1 edit

Perhaps borrowed from German Rapfen. Doublet of rap.

Noun edit

rapa f

  1. asp (Aspius aspius, syn. Leuciscus aspius)
    Synonyms: boleń, boleń pospolity, chwat, rap
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

rapa m animal

  1. genitive/accusative singular of rap

Further reading edit

  • rapa in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rapa in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

 

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

rapa m or f by sense (plural rapas)

  1. (slang, São Paulo) a figure of authority who confiscates merchandise from street vendors
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

rapa

  1. inflection of rapar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Rarotongan edit

Noun edit

rapa

  1. lightning

Sicilian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin rāpa, neuter plural of rāpum. Compare Italian rapa.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /rˈra.pa/
  • Hyphenation: rà‧pa

Noun edit

rapa f (plural rapi)

  1. turnip

References edit

  • Traina, Antonino (1868) “rapa”, in Nuovo vocabolario Siciliano-Italiano [New Sicilian-Italian vocabulary] (in Italian), Liber Liber, published 2020, pages 3350–3351

Spanish edit

Verb edit

rapa

  1. inflection of rapar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Swahili edit

 
Swahili Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sw

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English rapper.

Noun edit

rapa (ma class, plural marapa)

  1. rapper

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

Imitative. Cognate with Icelandic ropa.

Verb edit

rapa (present rapar, preterite rapade, supine rapat, imperative rapa)

  1. to burp, to belch

Conjugation edit

Related terms edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Votic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *rapa.

Pronunciation edit

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈrɑpɑ/, [ˈrɑpɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑpɑ
  • Hyphenation: ra‧pa

Noun edit

rapa

  1. (usually in the plural) dregs

Inflection edit

Declension of rapa (type III/jalkõ, p-v gradation)
singular plural
nominative rapa ravad
genitive rava rapojõ, rapoi
partitive rappa rapoitõ, rapoi
illative rappasõ, rappa rapoisõ
inessive ravaz rapoiz
elative ravassõ rapoissõ
allative ravalõ rapoilõ
adessive ravallõ rapoillõ
ablative ravaltõ rapoiltõ
translative ravassi rapoissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative (sg) or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References edit

  • Hallap, V., Adler, E., Grünberg, S., Leppik, M. (2012) “rapa”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn