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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English spire, spyre, spier, spir, from Old English spīr, from Proto-Germanic *spīrō, *spīrǭ (peak; point; tip; stalk). Cognate with Dutch spier, German Low German Spier, German Spier, Spiere, Danish spir, Norwegian spir and spire, Swedish spira, Icelandic spíra.

NounEdit

spire (plural spires)

  1. (now rare) The stalk or stem of a plant. [from 10th c.]
  2. A young shoot of a plant; a spear. [from 14th c.]
  3. Any of various tall grasses, rushes, or sedges, such as the marram, the reed canary-grass, etc.
  4. A sharp or tapering point. [from 16th c.]
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 1, in The Dust of Conflict[1]:
      A beech wood with silver firs in it rolled down the face of the hill, and the maze of leafless twigs and dusky spires cut sharp against the soft blueness of the evening sky.
  5. A tapering structure built on a roof or tower, especially as one of the central architectural features of a church or cathedral roof. [from 16th c.]
    The spire of the church rose high above the town.
  6. The top, or uppermost point, of anything; the summit. [from 17th c.]
    • Shakespeare
      the spire and top of praises
  7. (mining) A tube or fuse for communicating fire to the charge in blasting.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

spire (third-person singular simple present spires, present participle spiring, simple past and past participle spired)

  1. (of a seed, plant etc.) to sprout, to send forth the early shoots of growth; to germinate. [from 14th c.]
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.5:
      In gentle Ladies breste and bounteous race / Of woman kind it fayrest Flowre doth spyre, / And beareth fruit of honour and all chast desyre.
    • Mortimer
      It is not so apt to spire up as the other sorts, being more inclined to branch into arms.
  2. To grow upwards rather than develop horizontally. [from 14th c.]
  3. (transitive) To furnish with a spire.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old French spirer, and its source, Latin spīrō (to breathe).

VerbEdit

spire (third-person singular simple present spires, present participle spiring, simple past and past participle spired)

  1. (intransitive, obsolete) To breathe. [14th-16th c.]
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shenstone to this entry?)

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle French spire.

NounEdit

spire (plural spires)

  1. One of the sinuous foldings of a serpent or other reptile; a coil. [from 16th c.]
  2. A spiral. [from 17th c.]
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  3. (geometry) The part of a spiral generated in one revolution of the straight line about the pole.

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin spira, from Ancient Greek σπεῖρα (speîra).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

spire f (plural spires)

  1. turn (of a spiral)

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

spira f

  1. plural of spira

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

spire

  1. Alternative form of spere (sphere)

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse spíra (stem, pipe; little tree)

NounEdit

spire f or m (definite singular spira or spiren, indefinite plural spirer, definite plural spirene)

  1. sprout

VerbEdit

spire (present tense spirer, past tense spirte, past participle spirt)

  1. to sprout

ReferencesEdit


VenetianEdit

NounEdit

spire

  1. plural of spira