English edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /swɒp/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒp

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English swappen (to swap), originally meaning "to hurl" or "to strike", the word alludes to striking hands together when making an exchange; probably from Old English *swappian, a secondary form of Old English swāpan (to swoop). Cognate with German schwappen (to slosh, slop). Compare also Middle English swippen (to strike, hit), from Old English swipian (to scourge, strike, beat, lash), Old Norse svipa (to swoop, flash, whip, look after, look around). More at swipe.

Verb edit

swap (third-person singular simple present swaps, present participle swapping, simple past and past participle swapped)

  1. (transitive) To exchange or give (something) in an exchange (for something else).
    Synonyms: exchange, switch, trade
    • 1998, Michael Wolf with Bruce Friedman and Daniel Sutherland, Religion in the workplace, page 98:
      In an effort to provide more permanent accommodations, employers may offer employees the opportunity either to swap jobs with a colleague or to transfer to a new position.
    • 2007, Lloyd Zimpel, A Season of Fire and Ice:
      Chief watched these goings-on without pleasure, and waved them off in disgust when the smarmiest of the two suggested he might wish to swap that elk's tooth for this jug of fine rye whiskey.
    • 2011, Andrew Scott Cooper, The Oil Kings: How the U.S., Iran, and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East, page 253:
      The Shah wanted to swap oil for more arms.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To hit, to strike.
    • 1954, Edward Eager, Half Magic:
      And he whipped his sword out of its scabbard, and swapped off the pudding from the black knight's nose. Unfortunately (for him) he swapped off a good bit of the nose, too.
    • 1954, C. S. Lewis, The Horse and His Boy:
      "Maybe Apes will grow honest, Sister," said Edmund. "But, by the Lion, if he breaks it again, it may be in such time and place that any of us could swap off his head in clean battle."
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To beat the air, or ply the wings, with a sweeping motion or noise; to flap.
  4. (intransitive, obsolete) To descend or fall; to rush hastily or violently.
Synonyms edit
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Etymology 2 edit

From the verb swap. First attested in 1620.

Noun edit

swap (plural swaps)

Alice has a red apple and Bob has a green apple. After a swap, Alice has the green apple and Bob has the red apple.
  1. An exchange of two comparable things.
    • 1819, Sir Walter Scott, Tales of My Landlord, The Bride of Lammermoor:
      I e’en changed it, as occasion served, with the skippers o’ Dutch luggers and French vessels, for gin and brandy [] a gude swap too, between what cheereth the soul of man and that which dingeth it clean out of his body
  2. (finance) A financial derivative in which two parties agree to exchange one stream of cashflow against another stream.
  3. (computing, informal, uncountable) Space available in a swap file for use as auxiliary memory.
    How much swap do you need?
  4. (Cambridge University slang) A social meal at a restaurant between two university societies, usually involving drinking and banter; commonly associated with fining and pennying; equivalent to a crewdate at Oxford University.
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Etymology 3 edit

From Middle English swap, swappe (a blow, strike, lash from a whip), from the verb (see Etymology 1 above).

Noun edit

swap (countable and uncountable, plural swaps)

  1. (obsolete, UK, dialect) A blow; a stroke.

References edit

Anagrams edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From English swap.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsʋɑp/, [ˈs̠ʋɑ̝p]
  • IPA(key): /ˈsʋæp/, [ˈs̠ʋæp]

Noun edit

swap (slang)

  1. (finance) swap (financial derivative)
  2. (computing) swap (auxiliary memory)

Declension edit

Inflection of swap (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative swap swapit
genitive swapin swapien
partitive swapia swapeja
illative swapiin swapeihin
singular plural
nominative swap swapit
accusative nom. swap swapit
gen. swapin
genitive swapin swapien
partitive swapia swapeja
inessive swapissa swapeissa
elative swapista swapeista
illative swapiin swapeihin
adessive swapilla swapeilla
ablative swapilta swapeilta
allative swapille swapeille
essive swapina swapeina
translative swapiksi swapeiksi
abessive swapitta swapeitta
instructive swapein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of swap (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative swapini swapini
accusative nom. swapini swapini
gen. swapini
genitive swapini swapieni
partitive swapiani swapejani
inessive swapissani swapeissani
elative swapistani swapeistani
illative swapiini swapeihini
adessive swapillani swapeillani
ablative swapiltani swapeiltani
allative swapilleni swapeilleni
essive swapinani swapeinani
translative swapikseni swapeikseni
abessive swapittani swapeittani
comitative swapeineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative swapisi swapisi
accusative nom. swapisi swapisi
gen. swapisi
genitive swapisi swapiesi
partitive swapiasi swapejasi
inessive swapissasi swapeissasi
elative swapistasi swapeistasi
illative swapiisi swapeihisi
adessive swapillasi swapeillasi
ablative swapiltasi swapeiltasi
allative swapillesi swapeillesi
essive swapinasi swapeinasi
translative swapiksesi swapeiksesi
abessive swapittasi swapeittasi
comitative swapeinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative swapimme swapimme
accusative nom. swapimme swapimme
gen. swapimme
genitive swapimme swapiemme
partitive swapiamme swapejamme
inessive swapissamme swapeissamme
elative swapistamme swapeistamme
illative swapiimme swapeihimme
adessive swapillamme swapeillamme
ablative swapiltamme swapeiltamme
allative swapillemme swapeillemme
essive swapinamme swapeinamme
translative swapiksemme swapeiksemme
abessive swapittamme swapeittamme
comitative swapeinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative swapinne swapinne
accusative nom. swapinne swapinne
gen. swapinne
genitive swapinne swapienne
partitive swapianne swapejanne
inessive swapissanne swapeissanne
elative swapistanne swapeistanne
illative swapiinne swapeihinne
adessive swapillanne swapeillanne
ablative swapiltanne swapeiltanne
allative swapillenne swapeillenne
essive swapinanne swapeinanne
translative swapiksenne swapeiksenne
abessive swapittanne swapeittanne
comitative swapeinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative swapinsa swapinsa
accusative nom. swapinsa swapinsa
gen. swapinsa
genitive swapinsa swapiensa
partitive swapiaan
inessive swapissaan
elative swapistaan
illative swapiinsa swapeihinsa
adessive swapillaan
ablative swapiltaan
allative swapilleen
essive swapinaan
translative swapikseen
abessive swapittaan
comitative swapeineen

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit