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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From French trocart, corruption of trois-quart.

NounEdit

trocar (plural trocars)

  1. A pointed hollow cylindrical device used to make small incisions and surgically insert cannulas, etc., into body cavities, or to aspirate fluids.

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

14th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese trocar. Further etymology is uncertain.[1] Gognate with French troquer, English truck, Portuguese trocar, Spanish trocar.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

trocar (first-person singular present troco, first-person singular preterite troquei, past participle trocado)

  1. to barter
    • 1381, M. Lucas Álvarez & P. Lucas Domínguez (eds.), El priorato benedictino de San Vicenzo de Pombeiro y su colección diplomática en la Edad Media. Sada: Ediciós do Castro, page 101:
      para vender, dar et donar et anejenar, trocar et canbiar
      for selling, giving and donating and alienating, bartering and exchanging
  2. to exchange, interchange
    Synonym: cambiar

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • trocar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • troq” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • trocar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • trocar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • trocar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

LadinoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese trocar.

VerbEdit

trocar (Latin spelling)

  1. to change

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese trocar, of uncertain origin. Cognate with Spanish trocar and French troquer.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

trocar (first-person singular present indicative troco, past participle trocado)

  1. (transitive or ditransitive, with the indirect object taking por) to substitute; to replace (to remove something and put a new one in its place)
    Quero trocar meu carro por um novo.
    I want to get a new car.
    Precisamos trocar as lâmpadas queimadas.
    We have to replace the burnt-out lightbulbs.
    Synonym: substituir
  2. (transitive with de) to change (to dispose of something one owns or is using and get a new one)
    Troque de roupa.
    Change your clothes.
    Quero trocar de carro.
    I want to get another car.
    Synonym: mudar de
  3. (transitive) to trade with; to exchange (to give [+ com (somebody)] something in exchange for [+ por (something else)])
    Eu e o meu primo trocamos livros.
    My cousin and I traded books.
    O explorador trocou presentes com os nativos.
    The explorer exchanged gifts with the natives.
    Troco um par de sapatos por uma blusa.
    I’ll exchange a pair of shoes for a sweater.
    Synonym: cambiar
  4. (transitive) to swap (to switch the position of two things)
    Trocamos os dois cabos e o motor funcionou.
    We swapped the two cables and the motor started working.
    Synonym: intercambiar
  5. (ditransitive, with the indirect object taking com) to exchange (to give and receive continuously)
    Todo dia eu trocava umas ideias com o vizinho.
    Every day I chatted (literally: exchanged some ideas) with the neighbour.
    Os boxeadores estão trocando socos na cabeça.
    The boxers are exchanging blows to their heads.
  6. first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of trocar
  7. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of trocar
  8. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of trocar
  9. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of trocar

ConjugationEdit

QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:trocar.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Hunsrik: trocke
  • Kabuverdianu: troka
  • Ladino: trocar
  • Malay: tukar
  • Papiamentu: troka

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin trocāre. Cognate to English truck.

VerbEdit

trocar (first-person singular present trueco, first-person singular preterite troqué, past participle trocado)

  1. to barter
  2. (reflexive, followed by "en") to turn into; become (usually, for negative changes)

ConjugationEdit

  • Rule: o becomes ue in stressed syllables; c becomes qu before e.

Related termsEdit