From Middle English tide, from Old English tīd (“time, period, season, while; hour; feast-day, festal-tide; canonical hour or service”), from Proto-Germanic *tīdiz (“time, period”), from Proto-Indo-European *déh₂itis (“time, period”), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₂y- (“to divide”). Cognate with Scots tide, tyde (“moment, time, occasion, period, tide”), North Frisian tid (“time”), West Frisian tiid (“time, while”), Dutch tijd (“time”), Dutch tij, getij (“tide of the sea”), Low German Tied, Tiet (“time”), Low German Tide (“tide of the sea”), German Zeit (“time”), Danish tid (“time”), Swedish tid (“time”), Icelandic tíð (“time”), Albanian ditë (“day”), Old Armenian տի (ti, “age”), Kurdish dem (“time”). Related to time.
tide (plural tides)
- The periodic change of the sea level, particularly when caused by the gravitational influence of the sun and the moon.
- A stream, current or flood.
- c. 1605–1608, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Tymon of Athens”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene iv], page 88, column 1:
- Go I charge thee, inuite them all, let in the tide / Of Knaues once more: my Cook and Ile provide.
- (chronology, obsolete, except in liturgy) Time, notably anniversary, period or season linked to an ecclesiastical feast.
- (regional, archaic) A time.
- The doctor's no good this tide.
- (regional, archaic) A point or period of time identified or described by a qualifier (found in compounds).
- Eventide, noontide, morrowtide, nighttide, moon-tide, harvest-tide, wintertide, summertide, springtide, autumn-tide etc.,.
- (mining) The period of twelve hours.
- Something which changes like the tides of the sea.
- Tendency or direction of causes, influences, or events; course; current.
- 1599, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Ivlivs Cæsar”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii]:
- There is a tide in the affairs of men, / Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune [...]
- (obsolete) Violent confluence
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
- astronomical tide
- atmospheric tide
- ebb tide
- gravitational tide
- high tide
- hurricane tide
- inferior tide
- king tide
- land tide
- low tide
- neap tide
- oceanic tide
- red tide
- rip tide
- spring tide
- storm tide
- terrestrial tide
- thermal tide
- tidal wave
- tide day
- tide crack
- tide current
- tide dial
- tide duty
- tide gate
- tide gauge
- tide harbour, tide harbor
- tide hour
- tide land
- tidelands oil
- tide lock
- tide mark
- tide mill
- tide pole
- tide pool
- tide power
- tide predictor
- tide railroad
- tide rip
- tide rock
- tide rode
- tide runner
- tide stream
- tide table
- tide waiter, tidewaiter
- tidewater, tide water
- tide wave
- tide way
- tide wheel
- work double tides
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- (transitive) To cause to float with the tide; to drive or carry with the tide or stream.
- They are tided down the stream.
- (intransitive) To pour a tide or flood.
- The ocean tided most impressively.
- (intransitive, nautical) To work into or out of a river or harbor by drifting with the tide and anchoring when it becomes adverse.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To happen, occur.
- 1779, David Dalrymple, Annals of Scotland, volume II, page 121:
- I wit not what may tide us here
- A time (period), season.
- This lusty summer’s tide — Geoffrey Chaucer
|Seasons in Old English · tīde (layout · text)|
|lencten (“spring”)||sumor (“summer”)||hærfest (“autumn”)||winter (“winter”)|