Translingual edit

Symbol edit

ba

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Bashkir.

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Egyptian bꜣ,

G53Z1

Noun edit

ba (plural bas)

  1. (Egyptian mythology) A being's soul or personality, represented as a bird-headed figure, which survives after death but must be sustained with offerings of food.
    • 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 220:
      Any ordinary person who has ever floated out of his body during a nap knows what a Ba is, but unfortunately the dogmas of our materialistic culture constrain the person to ignore and repress his experience.
    • 1983, Norman Mailer, Ancient Evenings:
      But the Ba, I remembered, could be seen as the mistress of your heart and might or might not decide to speak to you, just as the heart cannot always forgive.

Etymology 2 edit

The sound is very commonly made by infants, and is interpreted by parents as a reference to themselves.

Noun edit

ba (plural bas) (not generally used in the plural)

  1. (colloquial and in direct address) Father, baba.

Etymology 3 edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

ba (uncountable)

  1. (historical) A medieval football game played in parts of Scotland around Christmas and New Year.
    • 2011, Alistair Moffat, The Borders:
      The townsmen played ba often and clearly knew what they were doing.

Etymology 4 edit

Noun edit

ba (plural bas)

  1. (in real estate ads) Abbreviation of bathroom.
    Coordinate term: br (bedroom)
    Alternative form: BA
    2 beds, 1 ba

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Akan edit

Verb edit

ba

  1. (Fante) come

References edit

  • Rose-Juliet Anyanwu, Fundamentals of Phonetics, Phonology and Tonology (2008)

Anguthimri edit

Noun edit

ba

  1. (Mpakwithi) island

References edit

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 184

Bakung edit

 
ba

Noun edit

ba

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)
  2. water (mineral water)

Bambara edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

ba

  1. mother
Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

  1. goat

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

  1. river, stream, lake

Etymology 4 edit

Numeral edit

  1. one thousand
Synonyms edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Particle edit

ba

  1. Alternative form of ba-
    Ba al zatoz?Are you coming?
    Ba ote al dago inor etxean?Is anyone home?
    Ba omen zegoen bidea ezagutzen zuen norbait.There was someone who knew the way.
Usage notes edit

See usage notes at ba-.

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of bada (it is)

Particle edit

ba

  1. so, then, well
    Ez nizun ba esan.Well, I didn't tell you.

Etymology 3 edit

Clipping of bai (yes).

Particle edit

ba

  1. (Northern) yes

Etymology 4 edit

Probably from Spanish bah.

Interjection edit

ba

  1. Indicates disdain or unbelief.

Further reading edit

  • "ba" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • ba” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus

Borôro edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ba

  1. egg

Buhi'non Bikol edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *bahaq, from Proto-Austronesian *baSaq.

Noun edit

  1. flood

Cebuano edit

Pronunciation 1 edit

Particle edit

ba

  1. interrogative particle
    Kini ba ang Kabisay-an?Is this the Visayas?
    Kamao ka ba molangoy?Do you know how to swim?

Pronunciation 2 edit

Etymology edit

Short for baba.

Verb edit

ba

  1. to piggyback; to carry someone on the back

Chichewa edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-jíba.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

-ba (infinitive kubá)

  1. steal

Derived terms edit

Chickasaw edit

Conjunction edit

ba

  1. Alternative spelling of ba'

Cimbrian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German , from Old High German wār, hwār, from Proto-West Germanic *hwār, from Proto-Germanic *hwar (where). Cognate with German wo, English where.

Pronoun edit

ba

  1. (Sette Comuni, relative) that; which; who
    dar faff ba de pridighetthe priest who preaches

Adverb edit

ba (dative bannont)

  1. (Sette Comuni, interrogative) where
    Ba pisto gabéest in gantzen tag?
    Where have you been all day?

Adverb edit

ba

  1. (Sette Comuni, attributive only) how (modifier used to express surprise, delight, etc.)
    Ba khalt!How cold!

Related terms edit

References edit

  • “ba” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Dagbani edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

ba (plural banima)

  1. father
  2. a title of respect
Usage notes edit
  • obligatorily possessed: includes father's brothers, and in the plural all relatives on the father's side, particularly those of his generation.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronoun edit

ba

  1. Third-person, animate, singular, neutral, object pronoun them

See also edit

Dama (Sierra Leone) edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Vai [script needed] (ba), Mende wa.

Adjective edit

ba

  1. big

References edit

  • Dalby, T. D. P. (1963), “The extinct language of Dama”, in Sierra Leone Language Review, volume 2, Freetown: Fourah Bay College, pages 50–54

Duun edit

Etymology edit

Onomatopoeic?

Noun edit

ba

  1. goat

Further reading edit

Eastern Penan edit

Noun edit

ba

  1. water

References edit

Fijian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Oceanic *baRa (cognates include Maori (fortified village, blockade) and Hawaiian (wall)) from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *baRa related to Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *pager (enclosure; palisade around a village; fence around a planted tree or cultivated field) (compare with Malay pagar (fence)).

Noun edit

ba

  1. a special fence or enclosure made from reeds to catch fish trapped during tides.

References edit

  • Ross Clark and Simon J. Greenhill, editors (2011), “paa.1”, in POLLEX-Online: The Polynesian Lexicon Project Online[2]
  • Gatty, Ronald (2009), “ba”, in Fijian-English Dictionary, Suva, Fiji: Ronald Gatty, →ISBN, page 10

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English ba.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ba/
  • (file)

Noun edit

ba

  1. (Egyptian mythology) ba

Fula edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Particle edit

ba

  1. (Pular) interrogative particle
    Si himo ka suudu ba, si o alaa ton ba.
    Whether he's at the house, or whether he's not there.

Usage notes edit

  • Placed at the end of a phrase
  • Implies an alternative

Adverb edit

ba

  1. (Maasina) not even
    ba nde wootere
    not even once
    ba gooto
    not even one
  2. nothing
  3. even
    Synonym: fay
    ba joonin
    even now
    ba naanen
    even a short while ago

See also edit

References edit

Garo edit

Etymology edit

Probably from Bengali বা (ba), which is a short form of কিংবা (kiṁba).

Conjunction edit

ba

  1. or

Gothic edit

Romanization edit

ba

  1. Romanization of 𐌱𐌰

Haitian Creole edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ba

  1. give

Synonyms edit

Hlai edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Hlai *hmaː (five), from Pre-Hlai *maː (Norquest, 2015).

Numeral edit

ba

  1. five

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Hlai *hmaː (dog; hunting dog), from Pre-Hlai *maː (Norquest, 2015). Compare Proto-Tai *ʰmaːᴬ (dog) (whence Thai หมา).

Noun edit

ba

  1. dog, hunting dog

Iban edit

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

ba

  1. in
    ba Kuching
    in Kuching
  2. at
    ba sungai
    at the river
  3. on
    ba atas jalai
    on the road

Iriga Bicolano edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *bahaq, from Proto-Austronesian *baSaq.

Noun edit

  1. flood

Irish edit

Etymology 1 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ba f pl

  1. plural of
    Tá na ba sa mhá.The cows are in the field.

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Irish ba.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

ba (triggers lenition)

  1. past/conditional affirmative of is
    Ba é Dónall an múinteoir.Dónall was the teacher.
    Ba mhaith liom cupán tae.I would like a cup of tea.
  2. past/conditional direct relative of is (used to introduce the comparative/superlative form of adjectives)
    fear ba shine ná m'athaira man (who was) older than my father
Related terms edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ba bha mba
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, page 59
  2. ^ Ó Searcaigh, Séamus (1925) Foghraidheacht Ghaedhilge an Tuaiscirt[1] (in Irish), Belfast: Brún agus Ó Nualláin [Browne and Nolan], § 2
  3. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, page 88

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈba/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation:

Interjection edit

ba

  1. bah!
  2. oh well!

Anagrams edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

ba

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Kriol edit

Preposition edit

ba

  1. Alternative form of blanga

Lhao Vo edit

Etymology edit

Uncertain.

Noun edit

ba

  1. sun

Verb edit

ba

  1. to know; to understand.

References edit

  • Dr. Ola Hanson, A Dictionary of the Kachin Language (1906).

Malagasy edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English bar.

Noun edit

ba

  1. (music) bar; measure

Etymology 2 edit

From French bas (stocking).

Noun edit

ba

  1. stockings; socks
  2. knitting

Mandarin edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Romanization edit

ba (ba5ba0, Zhuyin ˙ㄅㄚ)

  1. Hanyu Pinyin reading of ,

Romanization edit

ba

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Middle English edit

Etymology edit

Form of *bān, from (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.).

Verb edit

  1. Imperative form of of *bān (to kiss)

Miraya Bikol edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *bahaq, from Proto-Austronesian *baSaq.

Noun edit

  1. flood

Nias edit

Preposition edit

ba

  1. in, at, on (general preposition for locative adjuncts)

References edit

  • Sundermann, Heinrich. 1905. Niassisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Moers: Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, p. 22–23.

Northern Kurdish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Iranian *HwáHatah (wind) (compare Avestan 𐬬𐬁𐬙𐬋 (vātō), Pashto and Persian باد (bâd)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *HwáHatas (wind) (compare Sanskrit वात (vā́ta)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (blowing), present participle of *h₂weh₁- (to blow).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

Central Kurdish با(ba)
Zazaki vay

ba m (Arabic spellingبا⁩)

  1. weather
  2. wind

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

ba

  1. simple past of be

Old Irish edit

Etymology 1 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Alternative forms edit

  • (2nd sg. pres. subj.): be

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ba

  1. inflection of is:
    1. first/second/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative
    3. third-person singular preterite/imperfect indicative nonrelative/relative

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

ba

  1. Alternative form of fa (or)

Old Polish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *ba. First attested in 1414.

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

ba

  1. nay, or rather, or should I say, moreover, hell used to say that what has been said thus far is true, but could be said more accurately
  2. transition particle; well, well then

Descendants edit

  • Polish: ba

References edit

Olukumi edit

Etymology edit

Compare with Yoruba bàbá, Ekiti Yoruba àbá, Ekiti Yoruba , Ondo Yoruba bàí, Yoruba ụba, Owo Yoruba iba

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ba

  1. father; old man or elder

Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

Phalura edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

ba (discourse, Perso-Arabic spellingبہ⁩)

  1. Marker with a (switch-)topic function (variously corresponding to 'and, however, instead, as for, but')

References edit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[3], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Phuthi edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-báa.

Verb edit

-ba

  1. to be
  2. to become

Inflection edit

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish ba.

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

ba

  1. nay, or rather, or should I say, moreover, hell (used to say that what has been said thus far is true but could be said more accurately)
    Synonyms: mało tego, więcej
    To danie jest dobre, ba, przepyszne!This dish is good, nay, delicious!
  2. duh, obviously (used when the speaker believes what has been said is obvious)
    „On jest trochę głupi, co?” „Ba!”“He's a little dumb, isn't he?” “Duh!”

Derived terms edit

noun
particle

References edit

Further reading edit

  • ba in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ba in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • ba”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2023
  • Barbara Rykiel-Kempf (19.01.2017), “BA”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814), “ba”, in Słownik języka polskiego
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861), “ba”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “ba”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 77

Romagnol edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin *babbus (dad), of Onomatopoeic origin.

Pronunciation edit

  • (Central Romagnol): IPA(key): [ˈbaɐ̯]

Noun edit

ba m (plural bëb)

  1. father, dad
    Ba ’d famèjaPaterfamilias

References edit

  • Masotti, Adelmo (1996) Vocabolario Romagnolo Italiano [Romagnol-Italian dictionary] (in Italian), Bologna: Zanichelli, page 51
  • Ercolani, Libero (1971) Vocabolario Romagnolo-Italiano, Monte di Ravenna, page 33

Shona edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-jíba.

Verb edit

-bá (infinitive kubá)

  1. to steal

Spanish edit

Verb edit

ba

  1. Alternative form of va

Sumerian edit

Romanization edit

ba

  1. Romanization of 𒁀 (ba)

Swazi edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-báa.

Verb edit

-ba

  1. to be
  2. to become

Inflection edit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Swedish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Apocopic form of bara.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

ba (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) Pronunciation spelling of bara ("just, only")
    Asså allt ba spåra' [spårade] direkt
    Y'know everything just went crazy the second it started

Verb edit

ba (preterite ba)

  1. (colloquial, defective) Used colloquially to indicate speech or action. Compare English be like, like.
    Ja ba: ”Vafan är det!” o han ba: ”Ingen aning!”.
    I was (just) like: ”Wtf is that!” and he was (just) like: ”No idea!”.
    Han ba, hon ba, ja [jag] ba!
    He like ..., she like ..., I was like ...! [implying something sexual, sometimes with accompanying gestures (though clear enough anyway) – widespread joke]

Usage notes edit

Only used in the preterite (past) and infinitive forms.

Anagrams edit

Tagalog edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ba, or shortened form of baga. Cognate with Cebuano ba and Malagasy va.

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

ba (Baybayin spelling )

  1. marks a sentence as interrogative
    Synonyms: (dialectal) ga, (dialectal) baga, (obsolete) kaya
    Mayroon ka bang pera?
    Do you have money?
Usage notes edit
  • The particle sometimes disappears in informal contexts and the sentence can be inferred as interrogative depending on the tone of the speaker.
    Mayroon kang pera?
    Do you have money? (informal)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Influenced by Baybayin character (ba).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ba (Baybayin spelling )

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter B/b, in the Abakada alphabet.
    Synonyms: (in the Filipino alphabet) bi, (in the Abecedario) be
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

ba (Baybayin spelling )

  1. Clipping of aba.

Etymology 4 edit

Clipping of bulaga.

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

(Baybayin spelling )

  1. boo (used in play-scare with babies)
    Synonym: ga

Etymology 5 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(Baybayin spelling )

  1. Clipping of amba.

Further reading edit

  • ba”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018
  • Blust, Robert; Trussel, Stephen (2010–), “*ba₅”, in The Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

Tetum edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb edit

ba

  1. to go

Further reading edit

  • Fransiskus Monteiro (1985) Kamus Tetun-Indonesia [Tetum-Indonesian Dictionary], Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

Tiruray edit

Noun edit

ba

  1. (anatomy) mouth

Uneapa edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Oceanic *bʷa, possibly from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *ba.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ba

  1. to not be
    Synonym: bali

Further reading edit

  • Terry Crowley et al, The Oceanic Languages (2013), page 374

Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (father, SV: bả).

Noun edit

ba

  1. (chiefly Southern Vietnam) father
Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Vietnamese cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : ba
    Ordinal : thứ ba

From Proto-Vietic *paː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *piʔ; cognate with Muong pa, Khmer បី (bei), Halang pe, Pacoh pe, Mon ပိ (pi).

Numeral edit

ba (𠀧, )

  1. three

Adjective edit

ba (𠀧, )

  1. (Southern Vietnam, of a sibling) secondborn
    anh/chị basecond eldest brother/sister
    bác basecond eldest brother/sister of one's parent
    chú basecondborn younger brother of one's father
Derived terms edit
Derived terms

Determiner edit

ba

  1. (colloquial) some, an indefinite quantity greater than one
    Ba cái đó chả đáng quan tâm.
    There's no need to be concerned about those.

Etymology 3 edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun edit

ba

  1. (only in compounds) wave; ripple
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Volapük edit

Adverb edit

ba

  1. perhaps

West Albay Bikol edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *bahaq, from Proto-Austronesian *baSaq.

Noun edit

  1. flood

West Makian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ba

  1. the vagina

References edit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[4], Pacific linguistics

Xhosa edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-báa.

Verb edit

-ba

  1. to be
  2. to become

Inflection edit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Yapese edit

Verb edit

ba

  1. (auxiliary) to be (doing something); forms the present tense

Yola edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English been, from Old English bēon, from Proto-West Germanic *beun.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ba (inflected forms aam, yarth, ez, beeth, bin, waz, wasth, war)

  1. be
    • 1867, “VERSES IN ANSWER TO THE WEDDEEN O BALLYMORE”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 1, page 100:
      A laafe ing lemethès chote wel ta ba zang,
      A leaf in tatters, I know well to be sung,
  2. is
  3. are
  4. been

References edit

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 24

Yoruba edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. to ferment
    kòkó ti The cocoa seeds have fermented
  2. to carry out the process of fermentation on seeds or plants
Usage notes edit
  • ba before a direct object
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (horticulture) to plant seeds in prepared pots for future transplanting into a farm (when it becomes an established seedling)
    ba òrom̀bóTo plant lemon seeds for future transplanting
Usage notes edit
  • ba before a direct object
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. to press a wound; to apply a warm compress on a wound
    Synonym: mọ́
    ba ojú egbòTo apply a warm compress to a wound
Usage notes edit
  • ba before a direct object
Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. to hit (with an impact)
    ọfà á wọ́nThe arrow hit them
  2. to be overcome with fear (literally, to be hit with fear)
    ẹ̀rú bà wáFear overcame us
  3. (usually used with ilẹ̀) to be too long or oversized (to hit the ground)
    agbádá yìí bà mí nílẹ̀The agbada was too big for me
  4. to perch
    Lékeléke mí lékè, ẹyẹ àdàbà mí lékèAn egret perched on me, a dove perched on me
  5. to braid; to plait
    Synonym:
Usage notes edit
  • ba before a direct object
Derived terms edit

Zaghawa edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ba

  1. arm

References edit

Zoogocho Zapotec edit

Etymology 1 edit

Cognate with Yatzachi Zapotec ba.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ba

  1. hot weather (clarification of this definition is needed)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Cognate with Isthmus Zapotec baꞌ, Yatzachi Zapotec ba.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ba

  1. grave, tomb

Etymology 3 edit

Cognate with Yatzachi Zapotec ba-.

Adverb edit

ba

  1. already

References edit

  • Long C., Rebecca; Cruz M., Sofronio (2000) Diccionario zapoteco de San Bartolomé Zoogocho, Oaxaca (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 38)‎[5] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Coyoacán, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 3

Zou edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ba

  1. (transitive) to owe

Etymology 2 edit

 
Ba (2).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

  1. bat (mammal)

References edit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, pages 44, 45

Zulu edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-báa.

Verb edit

-ba

  1. to be
  2. to become

Inflection edit

Tone L
Infinitive ukuba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuba ukungabi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yiba -be
Plural yibani -beni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaba, ngiba engibayo, engiba ngiba angibi engingabi ngingabi
2nd singular uyaba, uba obayo, oba uba awubi ongabi ungabi
1st plural siyaba, siba esibayo, esiba siba asibi esingabi singabi
2nd plural niyaba, niba enibayo, eniba niba anibi eningabi ningabi
Class 1 uyaba, uba obayo, oba eba akabi ongabi engabi
Class 2 bayaba, baba ababayo, ababa beba ababi abangabi bengabi
Class 3 uyaba, uba obayo, oba uba awubi ongabi ungabi
Class 4 iyaba, iba ebayo, eba iba ayibi engabi ingabi
Class 5 liyaba, liba elibayo, eliba liba alibi elingabi lingabi
Class 6 ayaba, aba abayo, aba eba awabi angabi engabi
Class 7 siyaba, siba esibayo, esiba siba asibi esingabi singabi
Class 8 ziyaba, ziba ezibayo, eziba ziba azibi ezingabi zingabi
Class 9 iyaba, iba ebayo, eba iba ayibi engabi ingabi
Class 10 ziyaba, ziba ezibayo, eziba ziba azibi ezingabi zingabi
Class 11 luyaba, luba olubayo, oluba luba alubi olungabi lungabi
Class 14 buyaba, buba obubayo, obuba buba abubi obungabi bungabi
Class 15 kuyaba, kuba okubayo, okuba kuba akubi okungabi kungabi
Class 17 kuyaba, kuba okubayo, okuba kuba akubi okungabi kungabi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngibile, ngibē engibile, engibē ngibile, ngibē angibanga engingabanga ngingabanga
2nd singular ubile, ubē obile, obē ubile, ubē awubanga ongabanga ungabanga
1st plural sibile, sibē esibile, esibē sibile, sibē asibanga esingabanga singabanga
2nd plural nibile, nibē enibile, enibē nibile, nibē anibanga eningabanga ningabanga
Class 1 ubile, ubē obile, obē ebile, ebē akabanga ongabanga engabanga
Class 2 babile, babē ababile, ababē bebile, bebē ababanga abangabanga bengabanga
Class 3 ubile, ubē obile, obē ubile, ubē awubanga ongabanga ungabanga
Class 4 ibile, ibē ebile, ebē ibile, ibē ayibanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 5 libile, libē elibile, elibē libile, libē alibanga elingabanga lingabanga
Class 6 abile, abē abile, abē ebile, ebē awabanga angabanga engabanga
Class 7 sibile, sibē esibile, esibē sibile, sibē asibanga esingabanga singabanga
Class 8 zibile, zibē ezibile, ezibē zibile, zibē azibanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 9 ibile, ibē ebile, ebē ibile, ibē ayibanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 10 zibile, zibē ezibile, ezibē zibile, zibē azibanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 11 lubile, lubē olubile, olubē lubile, lubē alubanga olungabanga lungabanga
Class 14 bubile, bubē obubile, obubē bubile, bubē abubanga obungabanga bungabanga
Class 15 kubile, kubē okubile, okubē kubile, kubē akubanga okungabanga kungabanga
Class 17 kubile, kubē okubile, okubē kubile, kubē akubanga okungabanga kungabanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāba engāba ngāba angibanga engingabanga ngingabanga
2nd singular wāba owāba wāba awubanga ongabanga ungabanga
1st plural sāba esāba sāba asibanga esingabanga singabanga
2nd plural nāba enāba nāba anibanga eningabanga ningabanga
Class 1 wāba owāba āba akabanga ongabanga engabanga
Class 2 bāba abāba bāba ababanga abangabanga bengabanga
Class 3 wāba owāba wāba awubanga ongabanga ungabanga
Class 4 yāba eyāba yāba ayibanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 5 lāba elāba lāba alibanga elingabanga lingabanga
Class 6 āba āba āba awabanga angabanga engabanga
Class 7 sāba esāba sāba asibanga esingabanga singabanga
Class 8 zāba ezāba zāba azibanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 9 yāba eyāba yāba ayibanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 10 zāba ezāba zāba azibanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 11 lwāba olwāba lwāba alubanga olungabanga lungabanga
Class 14 bāba obāba bāba abubanga obungabanga bungabanga
Class 15 kwāba okwāba kwāba akubanga okungabanga kungabanga
Class 17 kwāba okwāba kwāba akubanga okungabanga kungabanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaba ngingaba ngingebe ngingebe
2nd singular ungaba ungaba ungebe ungebe
1st plural singaba singaba singebe singebe
2nd plural ningaba ningaba ningebe ningebe
Class 1 angaba engaba angebe engebe
Class 2 bangaba bengaba bangebe bengebe
Class 3 ungaba ungaba ungebe ungebe
Class 4 ingaba ingaba ingebe ingebe
Class 5 lingaba lingaba lingebe lingebe
Class 6 angaba engaba angebe engebe
Class 7 singaba singaba singebe singebe
Class 8 zingaba zingaba zingebe zingebe
Class 9 ingaba ingaba ingebe ingebe
Class 10 zingaba zingaba zingebe zingebe
Class 11 lungaba lungaba lungebe lungebe
Class 14 bungaba bungaba bungebe bungebe
Class 15 kungaba kungaba kungebe kungebe
Class 17 kungaba kungaba kungebe kungebe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokuba engizokuba ngizokuba angizukuba engingezukuba ngingezukuba
2nd singular uzokuba ozokuba uzokuba awuzukuba ongezukuba ungezukuba
1st plural sizokuba esizokuba sizokuba asizukuba esingezukuba singezukuba
2nd plural nizokuba enizokuba nizokuba anizukuba eningezukuba ningezukuba
Class 1 uzokuba ozokuba ezokuba akazukuba ongezukuba engezukuba
Class 2 bazokuba abazokuba bezokuba abazukuba abangezukuba bengezukuba
Class 3 uzokuba ozokuba uzokuba awuzukuba ongezukuba ungezukuba
Class 4 izokuba ezokuba izokuba ayizukuba engezukuba ingezukuba
Class 5 lizokuba elizokuba lizokuba alizukuba elingezukuba lingezukuba
Class 6 azokuba azokuba ezokuba awazukuba angezukuba engezukuba
Class 7 sizokuba esizokuba sizokuba asizukuba esingezukuba singezukuba
Class 8 zizokuba ezizokuba zizokuba azizukuba ezingezukuba zingezukuba
Class 9 izokuba ezokuba izokuba ayizukuba engezukuba ingezukuba
Class 10 zizokuba ezizokuba zizokuba azizukuba ezingezukuba zingezukuba
Class 11 luzokuba oluzokuba luzokuba aluzukuba olungezukuba lungezukuba
Class 14 buzokuba obuzokuba buzokuba abuzukuba obungezukuba bungezukuba
Class 15 kuzokuba okuzokuba kuzokuba akuzukuba okungezukuba kungezukuba
Class 17 kuzokuba okuzokuba kuzokuba akuzukuba okungezukuba kungezukuba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokuba engiyokuba ngiyokuba angiyukuba engingeyukuba ngingeyukuba
2nd singular uyokuba oyokuba uyokuba awuyukuba ongeyukuba ungeyukuba
1st plural siyokuba esiyokuba siyokuba asiyukuba esingeyukuba singeyukuba
2nd plural niyokuba eniyokuba niyokuba aniyukuba eningeyukuba ningeyukuba
Class 1 uyokuba oyokuba eyokuba akayukuba ongeyukuba engeyukuba
Class 2 bayokuba abayokuba beyokuba abayukuba abangeyukuba bengeyukuba
Class 3 uyokuba oyokuba uyokuba awuyukuba ongeyukuba ungeyukuba
Class 4 iyokuba eyokuba iyokuba ayiyukuba engeyukuba ingeyukuba
Class 5 liyokuba eliyokuba liyokuba aliyukuba elingeyukuba lingeyukuba
Class 6 ayokuba ayokuba eyokuba awayukuba angeyukuba engeyukuba
Class 7 siyokuba esiyokuba siyokuba asiyukuba esingeyukuba singeyukuba
Class 8 ziyokuba eziyokuba ziyokuba aziyukuba ezingeyukuba zingeyukuba
Class 9 iyokuba eyokuba iyokuba ayiyukuba engeyukuba ingeyukuba
Class 10 ziyokuba eziyokuba ziyokuba aziyukuba ezingeyukuba zingeyukuba
Class 11 luyokuba oluyokuba luyokuba aluyukuba olungeyukuba lungeyukuba
Class 14 buyokuba obuyokuba buyokuba abuyukuba obungeyukuba bungeyukuba
Class 15 kuyokuba okuyokuba kuyokuba akuyukuba okungeyukuba kungeyukuba
Class 17 kuyokuba okuyokuba kuyokuba akuyukuba okungeyukuba kungeyukuba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngibe ngingabi
2nd singular ube ungabi
1st plural sibe singabi
2nd plural nibe ningabi
Class 1 abe angabi
Class 2 babe bangabi
Class 3 ube ungabi
Class 4 ibe ingabi
Class 5 libe lingabi
Class 6 abe angabi
Class 7 sibe singabi
Class 8 zibe zingabi
Class 9 ibe ingabi
Class 10 zibe zingabi
Class 11 lube lungabi
Class 14 bube bungabi
Class 15 kube kungabi
Class 17 kube kungabi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaba ngangaba, angaba, angangaba
2nd singular waba wangaba, awaba, awangaba
1st plural saba sangaba, asaba, asangaba
2nd plural naba nangaba, anaba, anangaba
Class 1 waba wangaba, akaba, akangaba
Class 2 baba bangaba, ababa, abangaba
Class 3 waba wangaba, awaba, awangaba
Class 4 yaba yangaba, ayaba, ayangaba
Class 5 laba langaba, alaba, alangaba
Class 6 aba angaba, awaba, awangaba
Class 7 saba sangaba, asaba, asangaba
Class 8 zaba zangaba, azaba, azangaba
Class 9 yaba yangaba, ayaba, ayangaba
Class 10 zaba zangaba, azaba, azangaba
Class 11 lwaba lwangaba, alwaba, alwangaba
Class 14 baba bangaba, ababa, abangaba
Class 15 kwaba kwangaba, akwaba, akwangaba
Class 17 kwaba kwangaba, akwaba, akwangaba

References edit