See also: valo and váló

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

való (feminine valona, masculine plural valons, feminine plural valones)

  1. Walloon

NounEdit

való m (plural valons, feminine valona)

  1. Walloon (person from Wallonia)

való m (uncountable)

  1. Walloon (Romance language)

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the val- stem variant of the verb van (to be) +‎ (present participle suffix).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ ˈvɒloː]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: va‧ló
  • Rhymes: -loː

AdjectiveEdit

való (comparative valóbb, superlative legvalóbb) (its comparative and superlative forms are uncommon; periphrastic forms may occur instead, using jobban [legjobban] or inkább [leginkább])

  1. meant, supposed, (to be somewhere or in some way)
    Hova való ez a könyv?Where is this book supposed to go?
  2. fitting, suitable, appropriate (followed by -nak/-nek or -hoz/-hez/-höz)
    Synonym: illő
    Ez a könyv neked való.This book is suitable for you. / You will like this book.
    Péter hozzád való.Peter is suitable for you. (as a boyfriend/husband)
  3. (rare) real
    Synonyms: igazi, valódi
    A való életben ez másképp van.This is different in real life.
  4. (in compounds) It may be added to the infinitive of a verb to form an adjective denoting “ought to be (done)” or “worthy of (doing)” or (writing as one word) to form the corresponding noun (“something that ought to be done or is worthy of doing”); see the examples below.

Derived termsEdit

Note: The adverb + való phrases are only written as one word (without a space inside) if their part of speech is changed from the original adjective into something else (normally a noun) or if their meaning differs from the meaning of the sum of its components. In several cases, both ways of spelling are possible for different parts of speech, e.g. mosni való ruha (“[dirty] laundry”, literally: “clothes to be washed”) and mosnivaló (literally “to be washed”, actually the same meaning, but without a noun afterwards). Another example is ennivaló (“food”) from enni való (növény/állat etc.) (plant/animal etc. “suitable for eating” or “supposed to be eaten”), which has another sense of “adorable”, justifying the changed way of spelling (also ennivaló).[2]

Compound words
Expressions

ParticleEdit

való

  1. Used to connect modifiers (e.g. adverbs) to a noun that expresses an action or process (ending in -ás/-és, similar to the English gerund)
    Synonym: történő (formal style)
    Az Annával való találkozásom óta boldogabb vagyok.Since my meeting Ø with Anna, I have been happier.
    A nehéz témáról való beszélgetés kimerítette őket.The conversation Ø about the difficult topic exhausted them.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

való (uncountable)

  1. (archaic, today only in certain fixed phrases) reality, truth
    Synonym: valóság

DeclensionEdit

Most of its forms are not in use today, except valóra (with the verbs válik and vált) and the possessive forms, as well as the lexicalized form valóban.

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative való valók
accusative valót valókat
dative valónak valóknak
instrumental valóval valókkal
causal-final valóért valókért
translative valóvá valókká
terminative valóig valókig
essive-formal valóként valókként
essive-modal
inessive valóban valókban
superessive valón valókon
adessive valónál valóknál
illative valóba valókba
sublative valóra valókra
allative valóhoz valókhoz
elative valóból valókból
delative valóról valókról
ablative valótól valóktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
valóé valóké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
valóéi valókéi
Possessive forms of való
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. valóm valóim
2nd person sing. valód valóid
3rd person sing. valója valói
1st person plural valónk valóink
2nd person plural valótok valóitok
3rd person plural valójuk valóik

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ Section 95 in A magyar helyesírás szabályai, 12. kiadás (’The Rules of Hungarian Orthography, 12th edition’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2015. →ISBN, see also the explanation at the automated spelling advisory service of the Research Institute for Linguistics on writing phrases as one word or as separate words after entering e.g. imádni való or another való phrase as separate words.

Further readingEdit

  • való in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.