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See also: Werfen

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GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German wërfen, from Old High German werfan, from Proto-Germanic *werpaną. Cognate with Old Saxon werpan, Dutch werpen, English warp.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɛrfən/, [ˈvɛʁ-], [ˈvɛɐ̯-], [ˈʋɛʁ-], [ˈʋɛɐ̯-], [-fən], [-fn̩], [-fɱ̍]
  • (file)

VerbEdit

werfen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present wirft, past tense warf, past participle geworfen, past subjunctive würfe, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to throw
  2. (transitive, computing, exception handling) to throw
    Der Konstruktor mit dem einen Parameter wirft in diesem Falle eine Ausnahme.
    The constructor with this one parameter throws an exception in this case.
  3. (transitive) To cast; to project
    einen Schatten werfento cast a shadow
    ein Bild an/auf die Wand werfento project an image on the wall
  4. (transitive, intransitive) to give birth (of some animals)
    Die Sau wirft ihre Jungen.
    The sow is birthing her young.
  5. (reflexive) to throw oneself (on a bed etc.)

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German werfen, from Old High German werfan, from Proto-Germanic *werpaną. While the verb as such is probably inherited, the form seems to have undergone an irregular development, perhaps under influence of German werfen.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈvæʀfen/, [ˈvæχfən]

VerbEdit

werfen (third-person singular present wërft, past participle geworf, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. to throw

ConjugationEdit

Irregular
infinitive werfen
participle geworf
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular werfen
2nd singular wërfs werf
3rd singular wërft
1st plural werfen
2nd plural werft werft
3rd plural werfen
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

SynonymsEdit


Middle High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German werfan, from Proto-Germanic *werpaną. Akin to Old Saxon werpan, Dutch werpen, Old English weorpan.

VerbEdit

wërfen

  1. to throw

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit