Last modified on 7 November 2014, at 11:42

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  – to hang 系 by the head 県 (hair hanging down).

Han characterEdit

(radical 120 +10, 16 strokes, cangjie input 月火竹女火 (BFHVF), four-corner 62993)

  1. county, district, prefecture, subdivision

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • (simplification, as in (from ))
  • (simplification)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 934, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27784
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1373, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3435, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7E23

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (縣), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡涓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦwen/ /ɣiwen/ /ɣuen/ /ɦʷen/ /ɦwɛn/ /ɣiwen/ /ɣuɛn/
Character (縣), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 黃練切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦwenH/ /ɣiwenH/ /ɣuenH/ /ɦʷenH/ /ɦwɛnH/ /ɣiwenH/ /ɣuɛnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiàn ‹ hwenH › /*Cəә.[g]ʷˤe[n]-s/ district
xuán ‹ hwen › /*[g]ʷˤe[n]/ suspend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13576 2 /*ɡʷeːn/
13578 2 /*ɡʷeːns/

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyeon) (hangeul , revised hyeon, McCune-Reischauer hyŏn, Yale hyen)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(huyện)

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