Last modified on 16 July 2014, at 01:05
See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

匹 匹 匹
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) Two pieces of cloth hanging.

Han characterEdit

(radical 23 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 尸金 (SC), four-corner 71711, composition)

  1. bolt of cloth
  2. counter for horses
  3. counter for small animals (Japanese)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 154, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2673
  • Dae Jaweon: page 347, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 81, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5339
  • Lawrence J. Howell, Hikaru Morimoto, "" (in Japanese/English), An Etymological Dictionary of Chinese Character Interpretations. URL accessed on 2014-03-16.

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (匹), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 滂 (2)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 譬吉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiɪt̚/ /pʰi̯ĕt̚/ /pʰiĕt̚/ /pʰit̚/ /pʰit̚/ /pʰĭĕt̚/ /pʰjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ phjit › /*pʰit {*pʰi[t]}/ one of a pair
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9737 1 /*pʰid/

CounterEdit

  1. measure word for horses, mules
  2. measure word for rolls of cloth

VerbEdit

  1. to match, to be equal
    匹配 to match; 匹敌 to be equal

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CounterEdit

(hiragana ひき, romaji -hiki)

  1. small animals
     (いぬ)一匹 (いっぴき)います。
    inu ga ippiki imasu.
    There is one dog.
  2. rolls of cloth
  3. in the past, numbers of  (せん) (sen)

Alternative formsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, ISBN 4469021067

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(pil, mok) (hangeul , , revised pil, mok, McCune-Reischauer p'il, mok)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thất, sất, , sớt, sứt, thớt)

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