See also:حفandخف

Arabic edit

 
Arabic Wikipedia has an article on:
الحق
Wikipedia ar
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1 edit

From the root ⁧ح ق ق(ḥ-q-q). Compare Hebrewחוק(ḥóqq, law), Classical Syriacܚܘܩܐ(ḥuqqā, rule), Ge'ez ሐቀቀ (ḥäḳäḳä, to fasten), Tigrinya ሓቂ (ḥaqqi, truth). Perhaps related to ⁧حَجَّ(ḥajja, to convince with legal arguments; to make the pilgrimage to Mecca) and words corresponding to this root in the other Semitic languages.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

حَقَّ (ḥaqqa) I, non-pastيَحِقُّorيَحُقُّ⁩‎ (yaḥiqqu or yaḥuqqu)

  1. to be true, to be confirmed
  2. to be right, to be correct
  3. to be necessary, to be obligatory, to be imperative
  4. to be adequate, to be suitable, to be appropriate, to be fitting
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 16:36:
      وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَّسُولًا أَنِ ٱعْبُدُوٱ ٱللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوٱ الطَّاغُوتَ فَمِنْهُم مَّنْ هَدَى اللَّهُ وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ حَقَّتْ عَلَيْهِ الضَّلَالَةُ فَسِيرُوٱ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَٱنْظُرُوٱ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ
      walaqad baʕaṯnā fī kulli ʔummatin rrasūlan ʔani ʕbudū l-laha wājtanibū ṭ-ṭāḡūta faminhum mman hadā l-lahu waminhum mman ḥaqqat ʕalayhi ḍ-ḍalālatu fasīrū fī l-ʔarḍi fanẓurū kayfa kāna ʕāqibatu l-mukaḏḏibīna
      And we certainly sent into every nation a messenger [saying] “worship God and avoid the idol”. And among them were those whom God guided, and among them were those upon whom error was deservedly enacted. So proceed through the earth and see how was the end of the deniers.
  5. to be due
Conjugation edit

Verb edit

حَقَّ (ḥaqqa) I, non-pastيَحُقُّ⁩‎ (yaḥuqqu)

  1. to ascertain, to make sure
  2. to recognize, to identify
Conjugation edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

حُقَّ (ḥuqqa) I, non-pastيُحَقُّ⁩‎ (yuḥaqqu) (passive voice)

  1. to be necessary, to be obligatory, to be imperative
  2. to be adequate, to be suitable, to be appropriate, to be fitting
  3. to be due
Conjugation edit

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ħaqq/
  • (file)

Noun edit

حَقّ (ḥaqqm (pluralحُقُوق(ḥuqūq))

  1. verbal noun of حُقَّ(ḥuqqa) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of حَقَّ(ḥaqqa) (form I)
  3. equity
  4. truth
  5. correctness, right
  6. rightful possession, property
  7. right
  8. proper manner
  9. reality
  10. (in the plural, law) rights, claims, legal claims
    الْحُقُوق(al-ḥuqūq)law, jurisprudence
Declension edit
Antonyms edit
Descendants edit

(via plural form ⁧حُقُوق(ḥuqūq)):

Adjective edit

حَقّ (ḥaqq) (feminineحَقّ(ḥaqq), masculine dualحَقّ(ḥaqq), feminine dualحَقّ(ḥaqq), common pluralحَقّ(ḥaqq))

  1. true, authentic, real
  2. right, fair and reasonable
  3. valid, sound, correct
Declension edit

Etymology 4 edit

Using the root ⁧ح ق ق(ḥ-q-q) via the idea of “fitting” parts.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

حُقّ (ḥuqqm (pluralأَحْقَاق(ʔaḥqāq) orحِقاق(ḥiqāq) orحُقُوق(ḥuqūq))

  1. jar
  2. pitcher
  3. hollow, cavity
  4. (anatomy) socket of a joint
Declension edit

Etymology 5 edit

Noun edit

حُقّ (ḥuqqf pl

  1. plural of حُقَّة(ḥuqqa)

References edit

Hijazi Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From the root ⁧ح ق ق(ḥ-q-q), “to be true” or “to be necessary” or “to be fitted”.

Pronunciation 1 edit

Noun edit

حَقّ (ḥaggm (pluralحقوق(ḥugūg))

  1. equity
  2. right
  3. rightful possession, property
  4. claim, legal claim

Preposition edit

حَقّ (ḥagg) (feminineحَقَّة(ḥaggat) orحَقَّت(ḥaggat), pluralحَقُّون(ḥaggōn))

  1. belonging to.
    هذا الكتاب حق بدر.
    hāda l-kitāb ḥagg badir/badur
    This book belongs to Badir.
Inflection edit
Inflected forms of حق
Base form حق(ḥagg)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person حقي(ḥaggi) حقنا(ḥaggana)
2nd person حقك(ḥaggak) حقك(ḥaggik) حقكم(ḥaggakum)
3rd person حقه(ḥaggu) حقها(ḥaggaha) حقهم(ḥaggahum)
 
حُق

Pronunciation 2 edit

Noun edit

حق (ḥuggm (pluralأحقاق(ʔaḥgāg))

  1. (archaic) small box, can
    Synonym:عُلبة(ʕulba)

Persian edit

 
Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
حق
Wikipedia fa

Etymology edit

From Arabicحَقّ(ḥaqq).

Pronunciation edit

 

Readings
Classical reading? haqq
Dari reading? haqq
Iranian reading? hağğ
Tajik reading? haqq

Noun edit

حَقّ (haqq) (pluralحُقوق(hoquq) orحق‌ها(haqq-hâ))

  1. right
  2. truth; reality

Descendants edit

Punjabi edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Classical Persianحَق(haq(q)), from Arabicحَقّ(ḥaqq).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

حَقّ (ḥaqqm (pluralحَقُوق⁩, Gurmukhi spelling ਹੱਕ or ਹੱਕ਼)

  1. right, privilege

Declension edit

Declension of ⁧حق
dir. sg. حَقّ(ḥaqq)
dir. pl. حَقّ(ḥaqq)
singular plural
direct حَقّ(ḥaqq) حَقّ(ḥaqq)
oblique حَقّ(ḥaqq) حَقّاں(ḥaqqāṉ)
vocative حَقّا(ḥaqqā) حَقّو(ḥaqqo)
ablative حَقّوں(ḥaqqoṉ)
locative حَقّے(ḥaqqe) حَقِّیں(ḥaqqiīṉ)
instrumental حَقّے(ḥaqqe) حَقِّیں(ḥaqqiīṉ)

References edit

  • “⁧حق⁩”, in Punjabi-English Dictionary, Patiala: Punjabi University, 2024

South Levantine Arabic edit

Root
ح ق ق
3 terms

Etymology edit

From Arabicحَقَّ(ḥaqqa).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ħaʔʔ/, [ħaʔ]
  • (file)

Noun edit

حَقّ (ḥaʔ / ḥaqm (pluralحقوق(ḥuʔūʔ, ḥʔūʔ/ ḥuqūq, ḥqūq))

  1. justice, truth, rightness
  2. right, something to which one is entitled
  3. value

Verb edit

حقّ (ḥaʔʔ) I (presentبحقّ(biḥiʔʔ))

  1. to have a right to something, to be entitled to something

Conjugation edit

    Conjugation of ⁧حقّ(ḥaʔʔ)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m حقّيت⁩ (ḥaʔʔēt) حقّيت⁩ (ḥaʔʔēt) حقّ⁩ (ḥaʔʔ) حقّينا⁩ (ḥaʔʔēna) حقّيتو⁩ (ḥaʔʔētu) حقّو⁩ (ḥaʔʔu)
f حقّيتي⁩ (ḥaʔʔēti) حقّت⁩ (ḥaʔʔat)
present m بحقّ⁩ (baḥiʔʔ) بتحقّ⁩ (bitḥiʔʔ) بحقّ⁩ (biḥiʔʔ) منحقّ⁩ (minḥiʔʔ) بتحقّو⁩ (bitḥiʔʔu) بحقّو⁩ (biḥiʔʔu)
f بتحقّي⁩ (bitḥiʔʔi) بتحقّ⁩ (bitḥiʔʔ)
subjunctive m احقّ⁩ (aḥiʔʔ) تحقّ⁩ (tḥiʔʔ) يحقّ⁩ (yḥiʔʔ) نحقّ⁩ (nḥiʔʔ) تحقّو⁩ (tḥiʔʔu) يحقّو⁩ (yḥiʔʔu)
f تحقّي⁩ (tḥiʔʔi) تحقّ⁩ (tḥiʔʔ)
imperative m حقّ⁩ (ḥiʔʔ) حقّو⁩ (ḥiʔʔu)
f حقّي⁩ (ḥiʔʔi)

Urdu edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Classical Persianحق(haq(q)), from Arabicحَقّ(ḥaqq).

Noun edit

حق (haqm (Hindi spelling हक़)

  1. truth
  2. right

Declension edit

Declension of ⁧حق
singular plural
direct حق(haq) حق(haq)
oblique حق(haq) حقوں(haqō̃)
vocative حق(haq) حقو(haqō)

Synonyms edit

Descendants edit