See also: ح ل م

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root ح ل م(ḥ-l-m). Akin to Aramaic חֶלְמָא(ḥelmā), Classical Syriac ܚܠܡܐ(ḥelmā), Hebrew חֲלוֹם(khalóm), Ugaritic 𐎈𐎍𐎎 (ḥlm). For the significations of the root in Arabic, compare م ن ي(m-n-y), whence أُمْنِيَة(ʾumniya, a wish) and مَنِيّ(maniyy, a fluid considered conceptive; semen).

VerbEdit

حَلَمَ (ḥalama) I, non-past يَحْلُمُ‎‎ (yaḥlumu)

  1. (intransitive, transitive) to dream (something) or about [+ بِ(object)] (something) while asleep
    Synonyms: اِحْتَلَمَ(iḥtalama), رَأَى(raʾā)
    1. (intransitive, transitive) to muse, reflect, or meditate on [+ بِ(object)]; to vision, to image
      Synonyms: تَخَيَّلَ(taḵayyala), تَصَوَّرَ(taṣawwara)
  2. (intransitive) to experience the first seminal ejaculation
    Synonym: اِحْتَلَمَ(iḥtalama)
    1. (intransitive, chiefly of males) to mature physically or sexually; to attain puberty
      Synonym: بَلَغَ(balaḡa)
    2. (intransitive, law, chiefly of males, archaic) to become a legal adult or to be perceived as such
      Synonyms: بَلَغَ(balaḡa), أَدْرَكَ(ʾadraka), رَشَدَ(rašada), عَقَلَ(ʿaqala), مَيَّزَ(mayyaza)

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

حَلُمَ (ḥaluma) I, non-past يَحْلُمُ‎‎ (yaḥlumu)

  1. (intransitive, approving) to mature mentally or to be perceived as such; to act or think like an adult
  2. (intransitive, approving) to be gentle, forgiving, merciful, or lenient; to be mild-mannered
  3. (intransitive, approving) to restrain oneself or to be restrained or checked (especially emotionally and psychologically); to forbear, to refrain, to abstain, to withhold; to be long-suffering, to be patient or enduring; to mellow

ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

حُلْم or حُلُم (ḥulm or ḥulumm (plural أَحْلَام(ʾaḥlām))

  1. verbal noun of حَلَمَ (ḥalama) (form I): dreaming
  2. a dream (something experienced during sleep); vision
    Synonyms: رُؤْيَا(ruʾyā), مَنَام(manām)
    Hyponym: كَابُوس(kābūs, nightmare)
  3. a wish, a hope, a desire, an aspiration; a daydream (something fantasised about or desired)
    Synonyms: مُنْيَة(munya), بُغْيَة(buḡya)
  4. utopia, irreality

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

حُلُم or حُلْم (ḥulum or ḥulmm

  1. verbal noun of حَلَمَ (ḥalama) (form I)
  2. sexual maturity; puberty
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 24:59:
      وَإِذَا بَلَغَ ٱلْأَطْفَالُ مِنْكُمُ ٱلْحُلُمَ فَلْيَسْتَأْذِنُوا كَمَا ٱسْتَأْذَنَ ٱلَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ
      waʾiḏā balaḡa l-ʾaṭfālu minkumu l-ḥuluma falyastaʾḏinū kamā staʾḏana llaḏīna min qablihim
      And if the children among you reach puberty, they shall ask for permission as those who did before them.

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

حِلْم (ḥilmm (plural حُلُوم(ḥulūm) or أَحْلَام(ʾaḥlām))

  1. verbal noun of حَلُمَ (ḥaluma) (form I)
  2. (approving) mental, psychological, or comportmental maturity; prudence; rationality; discretion
    Synonyms: عَقْل(ʿaql), حِكْمَة(ḥikma)
  3. (approving) being long-suffering, self-restraint; forbearance, longanimity
    • Al-Shafi'i
      يُخَاطِبُنِي السَّفِيهُ بِكُلِّ قُبْحٍ / فَأَكْرَهُ أَنْ أَكُونَ لَهُ مُجِيبًا
      يَزِيدُ سَفَاهَةً فَأَزِيدُ حِلْمًا / كَعُودٍ زَادَهُ الْإِحْرَاقُ طِيبًا
      yuḵāṭibuni s-safīhu bikulli qubḥin / faʾakrahu ʾan ʾakūna lahū mujīban
      yazīdu safāhatan faʾazīdu ḥilman / kaʿūdin zādahu l-ʾiḥrāqu ṭīban
      The fool would spew a lot of ugliness and filth, / And I should hate to be the one who answers him. / He grows more foolish; I grow more and more restrained, / Like incense burning with increasing fragrances.

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

حَلَم (ḥalamm (collective, singulative حَلَمَة‎ f (ḥalama))

  1. tick(s), mite(s)
  2. nipple(s), teat(s)
  3. callous-leaved gromwell (Moltkiopsis ciliata)

DeclensionEdit


South Levantine ArabicEdit

Root
ح ل م

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic حَلَمَ(ḥalama).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ħi.lim/, [ˈħi.lɪm]
  • (file)

VerbEdit

حلم (ḥilim) (form I, present بحلم(biḥlam))

  1. to dream
ConjugationEdit
    Conjugation of حلم (ḥilim)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m حلمت (ḥlimt) حلمت (ḥlimt) حلم (ḥilim) حلمنا (ḥlimna) حلمتو (ḥlimtu) حلمو (ḥilmu)
f حلمتي (ḥlimti) حلمت (ḥilmat)
present m بحلم (baḥlam) بتحلم (btiḥlam) بحلم (biḥlam) منحلم (mniḥlam) بتحلمو (btiḥlamu) بحلمو (biḥlamu)
f بتحلمي (btiḥlami) بتحلم (btiḥlam)
subjunctive m أحلم (ʔaḥlam) تحلم (tiḥlam) يحلم (yiḥlam) نحلم (niḥlam) تحلمو (tiḥlamu) يحلمو (yiḥlamu)
f تحلمي (tiḥlami) تحلم (tiḥlam)
imperative m احلم (iḥlam) احلمو (iḥlamu)
f احلمي (iḥlami)

Etymology 2Edit

From Arabic حُلْم(ḥulm).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ħulm/, [ˈħʊ.l(ʊ)m]
  • (file)

NounEdit

حلم (ḥilm, ḥulmm (plural أحلام(ʔaḥlām))

  1. dream