See also:

U+090B, ऋ
DEVANAGARI LETTER VOCALIC R

[U+090A]
Devanagari
[U+090C]

Translingual edit

 
Stroke order

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

(ṛ)

  1. Traditionally classified as a vowel of the Devanagari script. Its matra, used to modify the inherent vowel in a consonant, is written ृ. For example the first consonant क with the matra looks like: कृ. It is only used in words of Sanskrit derivation. Transliterated as IAST: or ITRANS: RRi or R^i.

Hindi edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (Delhi) IPA(key): /ɾiː/
  • Audio:(file)

Letter edit

(ŕ)

  1. the seventh vowel in Hindi

See also edit

Marathi edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

(ŕ)

  1. The seventh vowel in Marathi, pronounced ru.

Nepali edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

()

  1. The seventh vowel in Nepali.

See also edit

Sanskrit edit

Alternative forms edit

Alternative scripts edit

Etymology edit

Merged from Proto-Indo-European *h₃er- (stir, move) and *h₁er- (to move, go); the former is cognate with Ancient Greek ὄρνῡμῐ (órnūmi, to set upon; to arouse) and Old Armenian յառնեմ (yaṙnem, to rise, awake), while the latter is cognate with Ancient Greek ἔρχομαι (érkhomai, to go, come) and Albanian erdha (to have come, originated) (via a derivative *h₁erǵʰ- (to move)).

Pronunciation edit

Root edit

()

  1. to go, move
  2. to rise, tend towards
  3. to move, shake
  4. to obtain, gain, acquire, reach, meet with
  5. to move, excite, raise (as voice, words, etc.)
  6. to display
  7. to injure, hurt
  8. to attack
  9. to throw, cast, fling; fix or implant in
  10. to put or place on, fix upon, direct or cast towards (as the eye, etc.); to insert, give, set, or place
  11. to hand over; give to, give in charge of, consign, deliver
  12. to give up, sacrifice
  13. to give back, restore
  14. to pierce through, perforate, penetrate

Derived terms edit

Primary Verbal Forms
Secondary Forms
Non-Finite Forms
Derived Nominal Forms

References edit

  • Monier Williams (1899) “”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 223/2.
  • William Dwight Whitney, 1885, The Roots, Verb-forms, and Primary Derivatives of the Sanskrit Language, Leipzig: Breitkopf and Härtel, page 14
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 105-6; 247