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See also: यमी

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HindiEdit

Proper nounEdit

यम (yamm

  1. (Hinduism) Yama, god of death

SanskritEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *yámHas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *yámHas, from Proto-Indo-European *yémHos (connected, paired), from *h₂eym- (to imitate). Cognate with Latin imāgō.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /jɐ́.mɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈjɐ.mɐ/
  • NounEdit

    यम (yámam, f

    1. a twin, one of a pair or couple
    2. a pair or a couple
    3. (grammar) a twin-letter
    4. (symbolic) the number 'two'

    DescendantsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Yámas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Yámas.

    Proper nounEdit

    यम (yámam

    1. Yama, the god of death, afterlife and justice, the twin brother of Yamuna and believed to have been the first mortal to die.

    AdjectiveEdit

    यम (yáma)

    1. twin-born, forming a pair

    DeclensionEdit

    Masculine a-stem declension of यम
    Nom. sg. यमः (yamaḥ)
    Gen. sg. यमस्य (yamasya)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative यमः (yamaḥ) यमौ (yamau) यमाः (yamāḥ)
    Vocative यम (yama) यमौ (yamau) यमाः (yamāḥ)
    Accusative यमम् (yamam) यमौ (yamau) यमान् (yamān)
    Instrumental यमेन (yamena) यमाभ्याम् (yamābhyām) यमैः (yamaiḥ)
    Dative यमाय (yamāya) यमाभ्याम् (yamābhyām) यमेभ्यः (yamebhyaḥ)
    Ablative यमात् (yamāt) यमाभ्याम् (yamābhyām) यमेभ्यः (yamebhyaḥ)
    Genitive यमस्य (yamasya) यमयोः (yamayoḥ) यमानाम् (yamānām)
    Locative यमे (yame) यमयोः (yamayoḥ) यमेषु (yameṣu)
    Feminine ā-stem declension of यम
    Nom. sg. यमा (yamā)
    Gen. sg. यमायाः (yamāyāḥ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative यमा (yamā) यमे (yame) यमाः (yamāḥ)
    Vocative यमे (yame) यमे (yame) यमाः (yamāḥ)
    Accusative यमाम् (yamām) यमे (yame) यमाः (yamāḥ)
    Instrumental यमया (yamayā) यमाभ्याम् (yamābhyām) यमाभिः (yamābhiḥ)
    Dative यमायै (yamāyai) यमाभ्याम् (yamābhyām) यमाभ्यः (yamābhyaḥ)
    Ablative यमायाः (yamāyāḥ) यमाभ्याम् (yamābhyām) यमाभ्यः (yamābhyaḥ)
    Genitive यमायाः (yamāyāḥ) यमयोः (yamayoḥ) यमानाम् (yamānām)
    Locative यमायाम् (yamāyām) यमयोः (yamayoḥ) यमासु (yamāsu)
    Neuter a-stem declension of यम
    Nom. sg. यमम् (yamam)
    Gen. sg. यमस्य (yamasya)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative यमम् (yamam) यमे (yame) यमानि (yamāni)
    Vocative यम (yama) यमे (yame) यमानि (yamāni)
    Accusative यमम् (yamam) यमे (yame) यमानि (yamāni)
    Instrumental यमेन (yamena) यमाभ्याम् (yamābhyām) यमैः (yamaiḥ)
    Dative यमाय (yamāya) यमाभ्याम् (yamābhyām) यमेभ्यः (yamebhyaḥ)
    Ablative यमात् (yamāt) यमाभ्याम् (yamābhyām) यमेभ्यः (yamebhyaḥ)
    Genitive यमस्य (yamasya) यमयोः (yamayoḥ) यमानाम् (yamānām)
    Locative यमे (yame) यमयोः (yamayoḥ) यमेषु (yameṣu)

    ReferencesEdit

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 846