See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 8 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜口弓弓 (YRNN), four-corner 00207, composition)

  1. smoothly, progressing, no trouble

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 88, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 187, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 284, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4EA8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xəŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /xəŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xəŋ²¹/
Jinan /xəŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /xəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /xəŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /xəŋ²¹/
Xining /xə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /xɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xen⁵⁵/
Kunming /xə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /xən³¹/
Hefei /xən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /xəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /hɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /hã⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /hen³³/
/hɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /hiɛ³³/
Hui Shexian /xʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /xan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /xən³³/
Xiangtan /hən³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /hen⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐŋ⁵³/
Nanning /hɐŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɐŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xaiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /heŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (32) (2) (32)
Final () (109) (111) (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () II III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠæŋ/ /pʰˠiæŋ/ /hɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/hᵚaŋ/ /pʰᵚiaŋ/ /hiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/xaŋ/ /pʰiaŋ/ /xiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/haɨjŋ/ /pʰiajŋ/ /hɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/xɐŋ/ /pʰiɐŋ/ /xiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/xɐŋ/ /pʰĭɐŋ/ /xĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɐŋ/ /pʰi̯ɐŋ/ /xi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hēng pīng xǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hēng pēng xiǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xæng › ‹ phæng › ‹ xjangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰˤraŋ/ /*[p.qʰ]ˤraŋ/ /*[qʰ]aŋʔ/
English penetrate (loan for) to boil sacrificial offering

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 5111 5113 5115
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaŋʔ/ /*pqʰraːŋ/ /*qʰraːŋ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. pass through
  2. go smoothly

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana とおる, romaji Tōru)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hyeong, paeng) (hangeul , , revised hyeong, paeng, McCune-Reischauer hyŏng, p'aeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hanh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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