Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zlɯs): semantic 宀 (“roof”) + phonetic 子 (OC *ʔslɯʔ, “child”).
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsa ~ za (“child; to give birth; to take care; to be kind”). Related to:
- 子 (OC *ʔslɯʔ, “child, son”) (also its phonetic component)
- 慈 (OC *zɯ, “to be kind, loving”)
- 滋 (OC *ʔsɯ, “to nourish, to grow”)
- 詞 (OC *ljɯ, “word, term”)
- 辭 (OC *ljɯ, “word, from testimony”)
Original sense (1): “to become pregnant, to give birth to, to nurture, to love” has essentially become obsolete. The sense (2) “letter, character” is either from a different root or a derivation from the sense “to produce, to generate”.
Cognate with Tibetan ཚ་བོ (tsha bo, “nephew”), Tibetan ཚ་རུས (tsha rus, “descendant”), Tibetan བཙའ (btsa', “to give birth to; to guard”), Tibetan མཛའ (mdza', “kind, peaceful, friendly”) (Quan, 1996).
- † to give birth to; to deliver a baby; to bring into the world
- † to be pregnant; to be carrying a baby
- † (historical, of a girl) to be betrothed; to be allowed to marry
― to stay in the boudoir waiting to be betrothed
- † to bring up; to raise; to rear (a child)
- † to love; to cherish; to care very much for
- † to educate; to teach; to instruct
- † to govern; to administer
- Chinese character; hanzi (Classifier: 個／个; 隻／只 c)
― Zhège zì zěnme niàn?
― How do you read this character
- word; term; wording; diction
― Zhè zì pīn cuò le.
― This word
is wrongly spelt; you've left out a letter.
- (computing) word
- handwriting; writing
― Tā de zì hěn chà.
― His handwriting
is very bad.
- (historical) courtesy name; Chinese-style name (a name traditionally given to Chinese males at the age of 20 and females at the age of 15)
- (historical) to style; to give someone a courtesy name
- letter; symbol; character
― character string
- (calligraphy) style of handwriting; printing type
- (calligraphy) (a calligrapher's) calligraphy work
- written letter; message; correspondence
- receipt; contract; slip
- pronunciation of a character; pronunciation
- (Cantonese, Min, Malaysia, Singapore) five minutes (derived from the locations of 1 to 12 on a clock face) (Classifier: 個／个 m c)
/ 三个字 [Cantonese]
― saam1 go3 zi6 [Jyutping]
― fifteen minutes [i.e. when the minute hand points to 3]
- A surname.
- → Japanese: 字 (ji)
- → Korean: 자 (字, ja)
- → Vietnamese: tự (字)
- → Tai: *ɟɤ:ᴮ (“name”)
- Lao: ຊື່ (sư̄, “name”)
- Thai: ชื่อ (chʉ̂ʉ, “name”)
- → Vietnamese: chữ (“script; letter; writing; word”)
(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)
Borrowed from Middle Chinese 字 with the southern pronunciation (kango, Go-on).
字 (hiragana じ, rōmaji ji)
- a letter, character
- Kono ji wa nan to yomimasu ka?
- How do you pronounce this character?
- Kanojo wa ji ga umai.
- She has good handwriting.
- 永字 (eiji, “the character 永 (ei, “eternity”)”)
- 十字 (jūji, “cross”)
- 字解 (jikai)
- 字義 (jigi, “the meaning of a word”)
- 字源 (jigen, “the construction of a character”)
- 字体 (jitai, “font or lettering”)
- 字典 (jiten, “character dictionary”)
- 字母 (jibo, “letter (of the alphabet)”)
- 漢字 (kanji, “Chinese characters”)
- 漢字返し (kanjigaeshi, “kanji repeater”)
- 文字 (moji, “letter, character, or ideograph”)
- 字引 (jibiki, “dictionary”)
- 数字 (sūji, “numeral or number”)
- 字訳 (jiyaku)
- 二字 (niji, “two characters”)
- 大字 (daiji, “a large character”)
字 (hiragana じ, rōmaji -ji)
- letters, characters
- Yonjū-ji inai de kaite kudasai.
- Please write it down in 40 letters or fewer.
Shortened form of あざな azana "a section of a village" of ancient Japanese origin (wago).
字 (hiragana あざ, rōmaji aza)
- a section of a village
Of ancient Japanese origin (wago).
字 (hiragana あざな, rōmaji azana)
- courtesy name
- a section of a village
字 (chữ, tự, tợ)
- character, letter
- Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển, Hà Nội, 1942
- Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
- Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999