- KangXi: page 96, character 8
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 446
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 119, character 3
- Unihan data for U+4F13
|For pronunciation and definitions of 伓 – see 伾 (“mighty”).|
(This character, 伓, is a variant form of 伾.)
|For pronunciation and definitions of 伓 – see 不 (“no, not”).|
(This character, 伓, is a variant form of 不.)
|For pronunciation and definitions of 伓 – see 背 (“back; behind; betray”).|
(This character, 伓, is a variant form of 背.)
|simp. and trad.
|alt. forms||毋 Min Nan|
- In Min Dong, this particle changes its pronunciation depending on the initial of the following syllable: n̂g (velar and null initials); m̂ (labial initials); n̂ (dental initials). Orthographically, all the complementary pronunciations are written as ‹n̂g› (or ‹ng› in Maclay (1929)).
- In addition to this, all three forms have an emphatic form: îng.
- This particle is not used alone; its tone is inferred from tone sandhi patterns.