See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +10, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜口廿廿月 (YRTTB), four-corner 05657, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1175, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35824
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1640, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4004, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8B1B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːŋʔ): semantic  ‎(say) + phonetic  ‎(OC *koː, *koːs).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵³/
Xining /t͡ɕiɔ̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɑ̃⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiaŋ⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiaŋ⁴²/
Kunming /t͡ɕiã̠/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɑ̃²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiɒ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiɑ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /kɑ̃³⁵/
/t͡ɕiã³⁵/
Suzhou /kɑ̃⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /kuɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³⁵/ ~解
/ka³⁵/ ~話
Tunxi /kau³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕian⁴¹/
/kan⁴¹/
Xiangtan /kɔn⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /koŋ³¹/
Taoyuan /koŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔŋ³⁵/
Nanning /kɔŋ³⁵/
Hong Kong /kɔŋ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kaŋ⁵³/
/kɔŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kouŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kɔŋ²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠʌŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚɔŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɔŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwŋX/
Li
Rong
/kɔŋX/
Wang
Li
/kɔŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɔŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǎng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4201
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːŋʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (obsolete or dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Wu, Xiang) to say; to talk; to speak; to talk
    / [Cantonese]  ―  Nei5 gong2 me1 aa3? [Jyutping]  ―  What are you saying?
  2. to tell; to inform
    / [Min Nan]  ―  Góa bô kā i kóng. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  I didn't tell him.
  3. to speak (a language)
    英語 / 英语  ―  jiǎng yīngyǔ  ―  to speak English
  4. to explain; to lecture
  5. to discuss; to negotiate
  6. to emphasise; to pay attention to; to take into account
    衛生 / 卫生  ―  jiǎng wèishēng  ―  to pay attention to hygiene
  7. speech; lecture
  8. Classifier for lectures.

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“to say, to speak”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana こう, romaji -kō)

  1. reading or lecture
  2. reading of sacred scriptures by Buddhist monks
    法華 (ほっけ)八講 (はっこう)
    hokke hakkō
    reading of the eight scrolls of the Lotus Sutra
  3. gathering of monks and laity for Buddhist rites
    涅槃 (ねはん) (こう)
    nehan kō
    rites on February 15, the death day of the Buddha
  4. lay association of Buddhist or Shinto believers
  5. mutual financial assistance association
    いわゆる「ネズミ (こう)」を運営 (うんえい)したとして、無限連鎖講防止法違反 (むげんれんさこうぼうしほういはん) (うたが)いが ()たれています。
    Iwayuru "Nezumi-kō" o un'ei shita toshite, mugenrensakō bōshihō ihan no utagai gamotareteimasu.
    He is being held on suspicion of violating the Law on Prevention of Pyramid Schemes for operating a so-called "Mouse Mutual Assistance Association."

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giảng, nhãng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Read in another language