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U+8B1B, 講
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8B1B

[U+8B1A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8B1C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 149, +10, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜口廿廿月 (YRTTB), four-corner 05657, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1175, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35824
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1640, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4004, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8B1B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː
*koː
*koː
*koː, *kʰoː
*koː
*koː, *koːs
*koːs
*koːs
*koːs
*koːs
*koːs, *koːs
*koːs
*koːs
*kroːŋʔ
*kroːŋʔ
*kroːŋʔ, *qʰroːŋʔ
*kroːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːŋʔ): semantic  (say) + phonetic  (OC *koː, *koːs).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kóng - vernacular;
  • káng - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑŋ²¹⁴/
    Harbin /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑŋ¹³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵³/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵³/
    Xining /t͡ɕiɔ̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɑ̃⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕiaŋ⁴²/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕiaŋ⁴²/
    Kunming /t͡ɕiã̠/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹²/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiɑ̃²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiɒ̃⁵³/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕiɑ̃⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /kɑ̃³⁵/
    /t͡ɕiã³⁵/
    Suzhou /kɑ̃⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
    Wenzhou /kuɔ³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³⁵/ ~解
    /ka³⁵/ ~話
    Tunxi /kau³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕian⁴¹/
    /kan⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /kɔn⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /kɔŋ²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /koŋ³¹/
    Taoyuan /koŋ³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔŋ³⁵/
    Nanning /kɔŋ³⁵/
    Hong Kong /kɔŋ³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kaŋ⁵³/
    /kɔŋ⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kouŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kaŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kɔŋ²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (9)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠʌŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚɔŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɔŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨwŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɔŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɔŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɔŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiǎng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiǎng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kaewngX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁroŋʔ/
    English explain; discuss

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4201
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kroːŋʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (obsolete or dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Wu, Xiang) to say; to talk; to speak; to talk
      / [Cantonese]  ―  Nei5 gong2 me1 aa3? [Jyutping]  ―  What are you saying?
      / [Cantonese]  ―  Nei5 m4 zou2 gong2! [Jyutping]  ―  Why didn't you say so earlier!?
    2. to tell; to inform
      / [Min Nan]  ―  Góa bô kā i kóng. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  I didn't tell him.
      / [Cantonese]  ―  Ngo5 mou5 tung4 keoi5 gong2. [Jyutping]  ―  I didn't tell him.
    3. to speak (a language)
      英語 / 英语  ―  jiǎng yīngyǔ  ―  to speak English
    4. to explain; to lecture
    5. to discuss; to negotiate
    6. to emphasise; to pay attention to; to take into account
      衛生 / 卫生  ―  jiǎng wèishēng  ―  to pay attention to hygiene
    7. speech; lecture
    8. Classifier for lectures.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“to say, to speak”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana こう, rōmaji -kō)

    1. reading or lecture
    2. reading of sacred scriptures by Buddhist monks
       (ほっ) () (はっ) (こう)
      hokke hak
      reading of the eight scrolls of the Lotus Sutra
    3. gathering of monks and laity for Buddhist rites
       () (はん) (こう)
      nehan
      rites on February 15, the death day of the Buddha
    4. lay association of Buddhist or Shinto believers
    5. mutual financial assistance association
      いわゆる「ネズミ (こう)」を (うん) (えい)したとして、 () (げん) (れん) () (こう) (ぼう) () (ほう) () (はん) (うたが)いが ()たれています。
      Iwayuru “Nezumi-” o un'ei shita toshite, mugenrensa bōshihō ihan no utagai gamotareteimasu.
      He is being held on suspicion of violating the Law on Prevention of Pyramid Schemes for operating a so-called "Mouse Mutual Assistance Association."

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gang)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (McCune–Reischauer: kang, Yale: kang)
      • Name (hangeul): 외울
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (giảng, nhãng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.