TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(person) + phonetic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人山人土 (OUOG), four-corner 22214, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 114, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1005
  • Dae Jaweon: page 242, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 211, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+50AC

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (催), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 灰
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 倉回切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰuʌi/ /t͡sʰuɑ̆i/ /t͡sʰuᴀi/ /t͡sʰuoi/ /t͡sʰwəj/ /t͡sʰuɒi/ /t͡sʰuɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cuī ‹ tshwoj › /*s-tʰˤuj/ urge, repress

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1877 2 /*sʰluːl/

VerbEdit

  1. to urge; to push someone to do something
    點解成日 [Cantonese, trad.]
    点解成日 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Dim2 gaai2 ngo5 seng4 jat6 jiu3 ceoi1 nei5 gaa3? [Jyutping]
    Why do I always have to urge you?

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(choe) (hangeul , revised choe, McCune-Reischauer ch'oe)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thôi, thòi, thui)

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