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See also:
U+50AD, 傭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-50AD

[U+50AC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+50AE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人戈中月 (OILB), four-corner 20227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 114, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1007
  • Dae Jaweon: page 242, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 214, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+50AD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋ, *loŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ, *l'oːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋs
*l'oːŋ
*ljoŋs
*l̥ʰoŋ, *loŋ
*ɦljoŋ
*ɦljoŋ, *loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋs
*loŋs

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: yóng - obsolete.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juawŋ/
Li
Rong
/ioŋ/
Wang
Li
/jĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ yowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*loŋ/
English hire

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15444
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*loŋ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. servant; maid
  2. to employ; to hire
  3. salary; wages
  4. Alternative form of (yōng, “ordinary; mediocre; a kind of tax during the Tang dynasty”).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (10)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰioŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chōng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15437
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰoŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yong, chung) (hangeul , , revised yong, chung, McCune–Reischauer yong, ch'ung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.