U+5308, 匈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5308

[U+5307]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5309]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 20, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 心山大 (PUK), four-corner 27720, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 151, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2512
  • Dae Jaweon: page 340, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 258, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5308

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰoŋ): semantic + phonetic (OC *qʰoŋ). The derivative refers to the original word.

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“chest; thorax; breast; bosom; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/huawŋ/
Li
Rong
/xioŋ/
Wang
Li
/xĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiōng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hung1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13890
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰoŋ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Hun, Hunnic
  2. Short for 匈牙利 (Xiōngyálì, “Hungary, Hungarian”).
  3. Alternative form of (xiōng, “famine”).
  4. Alternative form of (xiōng, “fearful; fierce; ferocious”).

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

This character is only used in some proper nouns and is not productive in modern Chinese. See 匈奴 (Xiōngnú) and 匈牙利 (Xiōngyálì).


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit


Kanji in this term
きょう
Hyōgaiji
kan’on

NounEdit

(きょう) (kyō

  1. Abbreviation of 匈牙利. Hungary

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 오랑캐 (orangkae hyung))

  1. barbarian
  2. savage
  3. foreigner

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: hung

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.