Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: , , and 𠄡
U+51F6, 凶
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51F6

[U+51F5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51F7]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 17 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 山大 (UK), four-corner 22770, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 135, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1803
  • Dae Jaweon: page 300, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 306, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+51F6

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu bamboo and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰos
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ, *qʰoŋʔ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ, *qʰoŋʔ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ, *qʰoŋʔ

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/huawŋ/
Li
Rong
/xioŋ/
Wang
Li
/xĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰ(r)oŋ/
English unlucky

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13889
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰoŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. inauspicious; bad luck; bad omen

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“terrible; ferocious”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. ill fortune

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きょう, rōmaji kyō)

  1. ill fortune

Alternative formsEdit

  • (きょう)

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyung) (hangeul , revised hyung, McCune-Reischauer hyung, Yale hyung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.