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U+5589, 喉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5589

[U+5588]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+558A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口人弓大 (RONK), four-corner 67034, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 197, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 419, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 657, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5589

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
帿 *ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoːs
*ɡoːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡoː): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *ɡoː) – connected to the mouth, the throat.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hiô/hô͘ - literary;
  • âu - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəw/
Li
Rong
/ɣu/
Wang
Li
/ɣəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ huw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤ(r)o/
English throat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5140
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (anatomy) larynx
  2. (by extension) throat; gullet
  3. guttural

See alsoEdit

  • (yān, “pharynx”)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
のど
Grade: S
kun’yomi

nomito > nomto > nomdo > nondo > nodo.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana のど, rōmaji nodo)

  1. throat
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (huw).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(hiragana こう, rōmaji -kō)

  1. counter for fish
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

nomito > nomto > nomdo > nondo.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana のんど, rōmaji nondo)

  1. throat

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

From (nomito).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana のみど, rōmaji nomido)

  1. throat

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

Compound of 飲み (nomi, drink) +‎ (to, passage). nomi is the nominalized form of the verb 飲む (nomu, to drink).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana のみと, rōmaji nomito)

  1. throat

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hu) (hangeul , revised hu, McCune-Reischauer hu)

  1. throat, gullet, larynx
  2. guttural

OkinawanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (nodo).

KanjiEdit

(hiragana ぬーでぃー, romaji nūdī)

NounEdit

(hiragana ぬーでぃー, romaji nūdī)

  1. throat

Derived termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hầu)

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