U+5589, 喉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5589

[U+5588]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+558A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口人弓大 (RONK), four-corner 67034, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 197, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 419, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 657, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5589

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
帿 *ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoːs
*ɡoːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡoː): semantic (mouth) + phonetic (OC *ɡoː) – connected to the mouth, the throat.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəw/
Li
Rong
/ɣu/
Wang
Li
/ɣəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ huw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤ(r)o/
English throat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5140
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (anatomy) larynx
  2. (by extension) throat; gullet
  3. guttural

See alsoEdit

  • (yān, “pharynx”)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
のど
Grade: S
kun'yomi

nomito > nomto > nomdo > nondo > nodo.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana のど, romaji nodo)

  1. throat
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (huw).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana こう, romaji -kō)

  1. counter for fish
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

nomito > nomto > nomdo > nondo.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [nõ̞ndo̞]

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana のんど, romaji nondo)

  1. throat

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

From (nomito).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [no̞mido̞]

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana のみど, romaji nomido)

  1. throat

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
Irregular

Compound of 飲み(nomi, drink) +‎ (to, passage). nomi is the nominalized form of the verb 飲む(nomu, to drink).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [no̞mito̞]

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana のみと, romaji nomito)

  1. throat

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hu) (hangeul , revised hu, McCune-Reischauer hu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana ぬーでぃー, romaji nūdī)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (nodo).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぬーでぃー, romaji nūdī)

  1. throat

Derived termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hầu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.